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Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine), Queen Hill, Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 26' 26'' North , 109° 54' 51'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.4405555556, -109.914166667
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America

A former large output surface and underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn-Gemstone mine located in the SW ¼ sec. 9, T.23S., R.24E, approximately 1½ miles NW of Lowell. All major shafts found in the SW¼SW¼ sec 9. Discovered 1877 as the original copper mine of the district. First produced 1881. Owned and operated by the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is high grade copper carbonates with minor lead and zinc carbonates in irregular replacement orebodies, mainly in Devonian Martin Limestone along a structural trough. Also hosted by Escabrosa Limestone and Naco Limestone. Ore control was nearby dikes and sills; and faulting and associated brecciation. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration was gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. Malachite from this site is suitable for cutting and polishing into gem material.

Local structures include pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings include a shafts and open pit operations. A maze of workings connecting with the surface through four working shafts and several other less-used openings. The area thoroughly intersected by drifts and crosscuts covers nearly half a square mile, while the extreme vertical range is about 950 feet. The shaft names are the Czar, Queen inclined, Holbrook, Spray, Gardner, and Hayes. This was the original copper mine of the district. Produced several thousand tons of ore in the early years. Averaged production of 3,000,000 lbs. Cu per year. Mine dump leaching performed in 1989. A small leach producer of precipitated Cu in 1991.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

46 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Kunz, G.F. (1885), On remarkable copper minerals from Arizona, Annals of the New York Academy of Science: 3: 275-278.

Koenig, G.A. (1891), On paramelaconite and the associated minerals, Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science Philadelphia: 284-291.

Douglas, J. (1899), The Copper Queen mine, Arizona, A.I.M.E. Transactions: 29: 511-546.

Ransome, F.L. (1903b), The copper deposits of Bisbee, Arizona, Engineering & Mining Journal: 75: 444.

Lindgren, W. (1904), The genesis of copper deposits, Engineering & Mining Journal: 78: 987.

Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona, USGS PP 21: 110.

Ransome, F.L. (1904b) Bisbee Folio, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey, Geologic Atlas of the United States, Folio no. 112, 17 p. [oversized], 10 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500 [reprinted 1914, with supplement, 19 p., oversized, 8 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500].

Petereit, A.H. (1907), Crystallized native copper from Bisbee, Arizona, American Journal of Science 23: 232-233.

Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.

Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen. Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331.

Ford, W.E. (1914), New occurrences of spangolite, American Journal of Science: 38: 503-504.

Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, and Feuchere (1917), Geology of the Warren mining district: A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 55: 329.

University of Arizona Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 23, 25, 28, 32, 33.

Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, Arizona, Engineering & Mining Journal: 109: 1411.

Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, American Mineralogist: 9: 55-56.

Palache, C. & L.W. Lewis (1927), Crystallography of azurite from Tsumeb, Southwest Africa, and the axial ratio of azurite, American Mineralogist: 12: 115-141.

Trischka, C., et al (1929), Boxwork siderite, Economic Geology: 24: 677-686.

Rand, L.H. & Sturgis, E.B. (1931) The Mines Handbook, Vol. XVIII.

Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, Arizona, Economic Geology: 27: 39-51.

Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 22: 567-571.

Trischka, C. (1938), Bisbee district, in Some Arizona ore deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 37.

Palache, C. (1939b), Brochantite, American Mineralogist: 24: 463-481.

Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, American Mineralogist: 26: 567-672.

Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 30.

Bain, G.W. (1952), The age of the Lower Cretaceous, from Bisbee, Arizona, uraninite, Economic Geology: 47: 305-315.

Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 27, 35, 53, 54, 59, 62, 65, 66, 108.

Omori, K. & P.F. Kerr (1963), Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals, Geological Society of America Bull.: 74: 709-734.

Bryant, D.G. & H.E. Metz (1966), Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (eds.), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America. University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 189-203: 200;

Bryant, D.G. (1968), Intrusive breccias associated with ore, Warren (Bisbee) mining district, Arizona, Economic Geology: 61: 1-12.

Peirce, H.Wesley (1969), Gem Materials, in USGS & Arizona Bureau of Mines & US Bureau of Reclamation, Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull.871): 359.

Bideaux, R.A. (1973), The collector (on azurite), Mineralogical Record: 4: 34-35.

Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 86 (Table 4).

O'Keefe, M. & J.O. Bovin (1978), The crystal structure of paramelaconite, Cu4O3, American Mineralogist: 63: 180-185.

Niemuth, N.J. (1987), Arizona Mineral Development 1984-1986, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 29, 46 pp.

Phillips, K.A., Beard, R.R., Niemuth, N.J., and Bain, D.R. (1991) Active Mines in Arizona – 1992: Arizona Department of Mines and Mineral Resources Directory 39, 20 pp.

Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 122, 125, 146, 151, 160, 165, 183, 184, 185, 186, 196, 233, 165, 268, 285, 321, 340, 354, 356, 357, 376, 415.

Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046248, MRDS ID #M241115; and, Dep. ID #10257192, MAS ID #0040030043.

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