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Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine), Queen Hill, Bisbee, Cochise County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)Mine
Queen HillHill
BisbeeTown
Cochise CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 26' 26'' North , 109° 54' 51'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bisbee5,208 (2017)1.6km
Naco1,046 (2011)12.1km
Naco6,064 (2018)13.0km
Palominas212 (2011)20.5km
Miracle Valley644 (2011)23.7km


A former large output surface and underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn-Gemstone mine located in the SW¼ sec. 9, T23S, R24E, G&SRM, approximately 1½ miles NW of Lowell. All major shafts are found in the SW¼SW¼ sec 9. Discovered 1877 as the original copper mine of the district. First produced in 1881. Owned and operated by the Phelps Dodge Corporation.

Mineralization is high-grade copper carbonates with minor lead and zinc carbonates in irregular replacement ore bodies, mainly in Devonian Martin Limestone along a structural trough. Also hosted by Escabrosa Limestone and Naco Limestone. Ore control was nearby dikes and sills; and faulting and associated brecciation. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration was gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. Malachite from this site is suitable for cutting and polishing into gem material.

Local geologic structures include pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings include surface and underground openings comprised of shafts and open pit operations. A maze of workings connecting with the surface through four working shafts and several other less-used openings. The area is thoroughly intersected by drifts and crosscuts and covers nearly half a square mile, while the extreme vertical range is about 950 feet. The shaft names are the Czar, Queen inclined, Holbrook, Spray, Gardner, and Hayes. This was the original copper mine of the district.

Production was several thousand tons of ore in the early years. It averaged production of 3,000,000 pounds of Cu per year. Mine dump leaching performed in 1989. A small leach producer of precipitated Cu in 1991.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

46 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs on the west side of the pit.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115, 154; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs in the upper portions of the orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 122; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Kunz, G.F. (1885), On remarkable copper minerals from AZ, Annals N.Y. Acad. Sci.: 3: 275-278; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 53.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Ransome, F.L. (1903b), The copper deposits of Bisbee, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 75: 444; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110; Kunz, G.F. (1885), On remarkable copper minerals from AZ, Annals N.Y. Acad. Sci.: 3: 275-278; Douglas, J. (1899), The Copper Queen mine, AZ, A.I.M.E. Trans.: 29: 511-546; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51; Bideaux, R.A. (1973), The collector (on azurite), Min.Rec.: 4: 34-35; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 23; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 54; Dana 6:1093.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110; Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, Am.Min.: 9: 55-56; Palache, C. (1939b), Brochantite, Am.Min.: 24: 463-481; Omori, K. & P.F. Kerr (1963), Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 74: 709-734; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 25.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12(5): 256-319.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Occurs as stalactites in oxidized zone workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 151; Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen. Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331; Dana 6:1093.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs as fibrous, radiating needles in tiny spherules on silicified shaly limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Occurs as stalactites & irregular porous crusts several inches thick on mine walls.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 160; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571.
Chalcoalumite (TL)
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Richard Graeme personal communications
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 28.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs as a massive orebody.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500: 119.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Clinochrysotile'
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Habit: Crystals as large as matchsticks
Description: Occurs as crystals on type specimens of paramelaconite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125, 321; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27; Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500: 119.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: Occurs as crusts several inches thick.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 626; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 184, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59, 66.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Masses to several hundred pounds in oxidized ores on 3rd. level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Petereit, A.H. (1907), Crystallized native copper from Bisbee, AZ, Amer. Jour. Sci. 23: 232-233; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 32; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Description: Occurs as porous crusts several inches thick.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 184, 186, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59, 62.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: Occurs mostly as earthy material, mixed with limonite; also occurs as crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 196; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 30; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 33; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 196.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046248, MRDS ID #M241115.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Van King
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046248, MRDS ID #M241115.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 372; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell Mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51.
Hydrobasaluminite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour: White.
Description: Occurs as nearly pure material in waxy masses on the 2nd. level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 265.
Kornelite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs as irregular porous crusts.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59, 62.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: Occurs mixed with earthy cuprite.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 30; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal, mamillary, masses, sometimes banded with azurite.
Description: Magnificent specimens.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 285; Ransome, F.L. (1903b), The copper deposits of Bisbee, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 75: 444; Dana 6:1093; Kunz, G.F. (1885), On remarkable copper minerals from AZ, Annals N.Y. Acad. Sci.: 3: 275-278; Douglas, J. (1899), The Copper Queen mine, AZ, A.I.M.E. Trans.: 29: 511-546; Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, Am.Min.: 26: 567-672; Lindgren, W. (1904), The genesis of copper deposits, Engr.Mining Jour.: 78: 987; Palache, C. & L.W. Lewis (1927), Crystallography of azurite from Tsumeb, Southwest Africa, and the axial ratio of azurite, Am.Min.: 12: 115-141; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27, 53.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Description: Occurs on the 500 level in Abrigo Limestone.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6.
Paramelaconite (TL)
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Habit: Unusually large crystals with forms: {001}, {101}, & {100}.
Description: Occurs in a matrix of goethite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183; Koenig, G.A. (1891), On paramelaconite and the associated minerals, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila: 284-291; O'Keefe, M. & J.O. Bovin (1978), The crystal structure of paramelaconite, Cu4O3, Am.Min.: 63: 180-185; Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, Am.Min.: 26: 567-672; Mineralogical Record:12(5):309; Dana 6:1093; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 320.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs in large, massive bodies.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 340; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21: 110; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51; Mitchell, G.J. (1920), Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, AZ, Engr. Mining Jour.: 109: 1411; Trischka, C., et al (1929), Boxwork siderite, Econ.Geol.: 24: 677-686; Bain, G.W. (1952), The age of the 'Lower Cretaceous, from Bisbee, AZ, uraninite, Econ.Geol.: 47: 305-315; Bryant, D.G. (1968), Intrusive breccias associated with ore, Warren (Bisbee) mining district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 1-12.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in porous crusts with römerite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Description: Occurs in porous crusts with rhomboclase.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 522, 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 356; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59, 62.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Evan Jones
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as powdery efflorescences on post-mining assemblages.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ransome, F.L. (1904a), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 21, 168 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500: 119.
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 321; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs on the 500 level in Abrigo Limestone.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Habit: Minute cubes.
Description: Occurs as minute crystals along slip planes.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Description: Occurs as irregular, porous crusts several inches thick.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 184, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Description: Occurs on the 500 level in Abrigo Limestone.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Paramelaconite (TL)4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite (TL)7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrobasaluminite7.DE.60Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Kornelite7.CB.60Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite (TL)4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Kornelite29.8.2.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite (TL)31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Hydrobasaluminite31.4.6.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O UraniniteUO2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
MgMagnesium
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
SSulfur
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S AlabanditeMnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
CuCopper
Cu ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kunz, G.F. (1885) On remarkable copper minerals from Arizona. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 3, 275-278.
Koenig, G.A. (1891) On paramelaconite and the associated minerals. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science Philadelphia: 284-291.
Douglas, J. (1899) The Copper Queen mine, Arizona. A.I.M.E. Transactions, 29, 511-546.
Ransome, F.L. (1903 b) The copper deposits of Bisbee, Arizona. Engineering & Mining Journal, 75, 444.
Lindgren, W. (1904) The genesis of copper deposits. Engineering & Mining Journal, 78, 987.
Ransome, F.L. (1904 a) The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 21: 110.
Ransome, F.L. (1904 b) Bisbee Folio, Arizona. United States Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States, Folio no. 112, 17 p. [oversized], 10 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500 [reprinted 1914, with supplement, 19 p., oversized, 8 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500].
Petereit, A.H. (1907) Crystallized native copper from Bisbee, Arizona. American Journal of Science, 23, 232-233.
Guild, F.N. (1910) The Mineralogy of Arizona. The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
Guild, F.N. (1911) Mineralogische Notizen. Zeitschrift für Krystallografie und Mineralogie, 49, 321-331.
Ford, W.E. (1914) New occurrences of spangolite. American Journal of Science, 38, 503-504.
University of Arizona Bulletin 41 (1916-17) Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 23, 25, 28, 32, 33.
Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, and Feuchere (1917) Geology of the Warren mining district. A.I.M.E. Transactions, 55, 329.
Mitchell, G.J. (1920) Vertical extent of copper ore minerals in the Junction mine, Warren district, Arizona. Engineering & Mining Journal, 109, 1411.
Holden, E.F. (1922) Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist, 9, 55-56.
Palache, C. and Lewis, L.W. (1927) Crystallography of azurite from Tsumeb, Southwest Africa, and the axial ratio of azurite. American Mineralogist, 12, 115-141.
Trischka, C. et al. (1929) Boxwork siderite. Economic Geology, 24, 677-686.
Rand, L.H. and Sturgis, E.B. (1931) The Mines Handbook, Vol. XVIII.
Schwartz, G.M. and Park, C.F., Jr. (1932) A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, Arizona. Economic Geology, 27, 39-51.
Merwin, H.E. and Posnjak, E. (1937) Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 22, 567-571.
Trischka, C. (1938) Bisbee district, in Some Arizona ore deposits. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 145: 37.
Palache, C. (1939 b) Brochantite. American Mineralogist, 24, 463-481.
Frondel, C. (1941) Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper. American Mineralogist, 26, 567-672.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947) Minerals of Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 153: 30.
Bannister, F.A., Hey, M.H., and Claringbull, G.F. (1950) Connellite, buttgenbachite, and tallingite. Mineralogical Magazine, 29(211), 280-286 (referring to Koenig (1891)).
Bain, G.W. (1952) The age of the Lower Cretaceous, from Bisbee, Arizona, uraninite. Economic Geology, 47, 305-315.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 27, 35, 53, 54, 59, 62, 65, 66, 108.
Omori, K. and Kerr, P.F. (1963) Infrared studies of saline sulfate minerals. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 74: 709-734.
Bryant, D.G. and Metz, H.E. (1966) Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (eds.), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America. University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 189-203: 200.
Bryant, D.G. (1968) Intrusive breccias associated with ore, Warren (Bisbee) mining district, Arizona. Economic Geology: 61: 1-12.
Peirce, H.W. (1969) Gem Materials. in USGS & Arizona Bureau of Mines & U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 180 (USGS Bulletin 871): 359.
Bideaux, R.A. (1973) The collector (on azurite). Mineralogical Record: 4: 34-35.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 187: Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 86 (Table 4).
O'Keefe, M. and Bovin, J.O. (1978) The crystal structure of paramelaconite, Cu4O3. American Mineralogist: 63: 180-185.
Niemuth, N.J. (1987) Arizona Mineral Development 1984-1986. Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 29, 46 pp.
Phillips, K.A., Beard, R.R., Niemuth, N.J., and Bain, D.R. (1991) Active Mines in Arizona – 1992. Arizona Department of Mines and Mineral Resources Directory 39, 20 pp.
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona. United States Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. edition: 104, 122, 125, 146, 151, 160, 165, 183, 184, 185, 186, 196, 233, 165, 268, 285, 321, 340, 354, 356, 357, 376, 415.
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1995), Minerals Availability System/Mineral Industry Location System (MAS/MILS), U.S. Bureau of Mines, file ID #0040030043.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10046248 & 10257192.
Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140.
USGS MRDS ID #M241115.

USGS MRDS Record:10046248

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