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79 Mine (79th Mine; Seventy-Nine Mine; Seventy-Nine property; McHur prospect), Chilito, Hayden area, Banner District, Dripping Spring Mts, Gila Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
79 Mine (79th Mine; Seventy-Nine Mine; Seventy-Nine property; McHur prospect)- not defined -
Chilito- not defined -
Hayden areaArea
Banner DistrictMining District
Dripping Spring MtsMountain Range
Gila Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Chris Whitney-Smith
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 3' 51'' North , 110° 48' 47'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.06444,-110.81333
GeoHash:G#: 9tchn7hnq
USGS MRDS Record:10026845
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hayden650 (2017)7.1km
Kearny2,038 (2017)9.1km
Winkelman346 (2017)9.4km
Dudleyville959 (2011)10.8km
Six Shooter Canyon1,019 (2017)33.8km


A former underground Pb-Zn-Cu-Ag-Au-Mo-Sb-V-Fe mine located in the SE¼ sec. 21 and sec. 28, T4S, R15E (Hayden 7.5 minute topo map), about 1½ miles W of Chilito ghost town, 4.5 miles NNW of Hayden, 2 miles NW of Toronado Peak, on federal land. Discovered 1879 by Mike and Pat O'Brien. Purchased 1921 by Continental Commission Co.; Purchased May 1922 by the Seventy-Nine Mining Co. and reconveyed back to the Continental Commission Co. (1919-1922, 1923-1926) after litigation. Sold at public auction in 1926. Reopened 1928 by the Seventy-Nine Lead-Copper Co. Closed in January 1938 due to declining metal prices. Reopened in 1940 by the Shattuck-Denn Mining Corp. until 1949. Acquired by Callahan Zinc-Lead Company, Inc. 1950. Previous owners also included Grisson Mines. Some production until 1951. Owned by the ACM Corp. (1967). Mined for specimens until the late 1990's by John Mediz, Copper City Rock Shop, and others, when mudslides from an El Niño episode intruded into the workings. Subsequently reopened for specimens. As of 1992, the site is closed to collectors.

Historical Side Note: Minerals of Arizona, Third Edition, page 34, states that the 79 Mine was claimed in Pinal County. This is correct. When it was claimed in 1879, Gila County did not exist yet! Gila County was created in 1881 from parts of Maricopa and Pinal Counties shifting the 79 Mine to its current location in Gila County.

Mineralisation is a deposit with an ore zone 335.28 metres long, 12.19 metres wide, with a depth-to-top of 0 metres, a depth-to-bottom of 152.4 metres, and 15.24 metres thick, striking N75E and dipping 40S. The deposit is hosted in limestone and rhyolite. Associated rock units are diorite and rhyolite. The mineralisation occurs in fractures or broken, thin calcareous shale. 6 bedded zones were mined. Galena, sphalerite, pyrite, and quartz in replacement bodies in shattered, alternating thin-bedded shale and impure limestone members of the Naco formation and as small discontinuous vein replacements in fractured and brecciated parts of a prominent rhyolite porphyry dike.

The oldest rock exposed in the area is the Younger Precambrian Mescal formation of the Apache group. It rests upon intrusive diabase and consists of approximately 50 feet (15 metres) of limestone with 90 feet (27 metres) of overlying sandy beds. Above the Mescal are the Middle Cambrian Troy quartzite, approximately 400 feet (122 metres) thick, succeeded by 225 feet (68.5 metres) of undifferentiated shale and quartzite, probably Middle Cambrian; Upper Devonian Martin limestone, consisting of thin beds with some shale, 250 to 328 feet (76 to 100 metres) thick; Lower Mississippian Escabrosa limestone, a massive cliff-former, 440 to 581 feet (144 to 177 metres) thick; and Lower Pennsylvanian Naco limestone, thin-bedded and cherty, 385 to more than 1,000 feet (117 to more than 304 metres) thick. This entire section appears to be conformable, although separated by at least three disconformities.

Intruded into the Mescal and the lower portion of the Troy are bodies of diabase with a maximum thickness of some 400 feet (122 metres) in outcrops; the total thickness of the diabase is unknown, as its lower contact is not exposed. The age of the diabase at Superior was determined as post-Middle Cambrian and pre-Upper Devonian (Short & others).

An extensive development of basic igneous material occurs near this mine and is expressed in the 79 Mine area by local basalt-porphyry sills (?) and plugs and andesitic and dacitic porphyry sills.

Presumably, during the Cretaceous-Tertiary (Laramide) interval, this region was subjected to deformation, accompanied in its later stages by the intrusion of acidic dikes, sills, and plugs, probably apophyses of the Central Arizona batholith.

The linear northwestward trend of the Dripping Spring Mountains reflects systematic structural deformation. A cross-section (Ransome's) indicates the mountain range to be a complexly faulted anticline.

Throughout the 79 area on the southwestern flank of the range, the pre-Tertiary strata dip about 15º southward, with local variations in tilted fault blocks. Compressional stresses are evidenced by bedding-plane faults and by a thrust fault exposed north of Tam O'Shanter Peak, 1½ miles north.

The steeply-dipping faults of the 79 area may be classified as of pre-ore and post-ore ages. Those of the earlier group were important in localising mineral deposition. Some of the post-ore faults displaced orebodies, and others influenced topography.

The known orebodies of the 79 Mine occur as replacements in thin-bedded Naco limestone and as small discontinuous vein-replacements in the North dike of rhyolite porphyry. Ore deposition closely followed the pre-mineral faulting and may have begun before it entirely ceased. The mineralisation is regarded as of Laramide (late Cretaceous and early Tertiary) age.

The several orebodies are: The Discovery, marked by string gossan; the Massive Pyrite orebody; and, discontinuous vein-replacement orebodies associated with the North dike of rhyolite porphyry, collectively termed the dike orebodies.

Workings totalled 10000 feet (3048 metres) in length and achieved a depth of 450 feet (137 metres). Principal development is a shaft 450 feet (137 metres) deep on the massive pyrite ore body; there is also a short exploratory shaft and a winze of 155 feet (47 metres) depth. Total production was valued between $3-4 million (period values).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

81 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: [MinRec 3:247]
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Abundant silicate in contact-metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, F.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111, 204, 215; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Very common throughout the oxidized zone. Dark-colored material occurs as concentric rings around galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 157, 161; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 50, 58; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Colour: Pale green
Description: Crusts. 31 stope area of the mine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Occurs with oxidizing sulfide minerals; sparingly occurs with pyrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 161; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Butterfly-habit twinned crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 152; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; ; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 156.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Single & 'V' twinned crystals
Colour: White, yellowish, colorless (crystal groups)
Description: As 'sand carbonate' & crystallized material; earthy. Constitutes rich ore throughout the oxidized zone, mainly above the 6th level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 50, 58.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Small grains associated with fractures within sphalerite, and as small supergene veinlets.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Patrick E. Haynes
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: Disphenoidal (rare - to 0.5 inches), showing {112}
Description: Crystals coated by smithsonite. Invariably occurs associated with galena and Sphalerite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 166; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 78; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Pseudos after hemimorphite, mass., botryoidal, some coating & replacing wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 173, 185; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Description: Found on the 6th. level of the mine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Minor amts. assoc. w. oxidation products of galena; microscopic grains with feathery edges along cleavage cracks in galena, replacemetns within anglesite, and along anglesite-galena contacts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 190; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 196; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of mines Bull. 153: 30.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Tiny, wedge-shaped; to ¼ inch.
Description: Crystals on hemimorphite & incrusting wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152, 201; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: In contact-metamorphic limestones w. andradite, tremolite & epidote.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 204, 215; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: In contact-metamorphic limestones w. diopside, tremolite & andradite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 204, 215; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 225.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Most common hypogene ore mineral, commonly smithsonite coated. Occurs as embayments and veinlets in sphalerite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161, 228; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 78; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 17; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158; Lewis, D.V. (1955), Relationships of ore bodies to dikes and sills, Econ.Geol.: 50: 495-516.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.; Arizona Department of Mineral Resources 79 Mine file
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Habit: Arching whiskers to 12 inches long; growth rate to 3 inches/year.
Description: Abun. post-mining min. on walls.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 243; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Commonly associated with some pyrite bodies.
Reference: Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 79.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: Hollow, egg shell-like balls on matirx.
Colour: Blue, white
Description: Pseudos on wad replacing chrysocolla, fine specimens.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 201, 248; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Description: Mass. encrustations on hemimorphite above 470 level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 249; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: A constituent of wad.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Colour: Blue
Description: Crusts in the 31 stope area of the mine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 270.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Constituent of limonite in oxidized portions of deposit.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 275; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 276.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: Partially comprised of lepidocrocite; common throughout the oxidized orebodies.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 275; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 79; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Small spheres to ¼ inch diameter.
Description: Throughout supergene zone as veinlets & small spheres.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 286; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Description: Irregular masses with oxidized copper ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 288; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 36.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Habit: Short, acicular, prismatic, aggregated into blankets.
Colour: White
Description: Sparingly as encrustations & efflorescences, blankets - floor 5th. level & 6th level, associated with pyrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in the crosscut - 6th. level of the mine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 292; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Colour: Bright orange, orange-yellow & bright yellow
Description: Crusts & reniform masses, some stalactitic, w. wulfenite crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: Locally coating walls of veinlets; w. chalcopyrite & pyrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 301; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 3:247]
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Crystal druses
Description: Encrusts wulfenite & mimetite in breccia main fault zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Habit: Rare, tiny crystals to 0.1 mm; cubic.
Colour: Black
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 308; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264;
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Clustered tiny crystals
Colour: Green
Description: Occurs on sphalerite & galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161, 316; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39..
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Habit: Tiny, needle-like to 1.5 mm long
Description: Assoc. with aurichalcite, rosasite & rarely murdochite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 308, 331; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264;
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Brown
Description: Ocherous massive material at surface or near surface workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
'Psilomelane'
Description: Common supergene mineral in replacemetn deposits in limestone & rhyolite porphyry.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 337; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Some highly modified crystals.
Description: Massive body; most abundant sulfide and clearly the earliest mineral. Many grains show embayments of veinlets filled with associated minerals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 341; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 77; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 61.; Arizona Department of Mineral Resources 79 Mine file
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: Numerous dendritic forms coating fractures in near-surface limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 342; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Habit: Needle-like
Colour: Clear yellow
Description: Occurs sparingly on chrysocolla.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 343; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs throughout the ore zone. As crystals filling druses and cavities; stringers and replacements in limestone and rhyolite porphyry; and massive silica bodies. The latest hypogene mineral.
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 78.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.; Arizona Department of Mineral Resources 79 Mine file
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050295
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Colour: Deep blue-green
Description: Oxidized portions as velvety mats or warty crusts encrusting Mn-oxides & smithsonite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 152, 308, 357; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264;
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs above the 470 level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161, 316; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Occurs throughout the oxide and sulfide ores.
Reference: Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 78.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Coats chalcopyrite crystals & galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 152, 166, 228; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: Well-formed tetrahedral
Description: Abundant ore mineral lower levels of the mine. Occurs in grains of various size. Small blebs of chalcopyrite found throughout the sphalerite grains.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161, 377; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 78; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 18.; Arizona Department of Mineral Resources 79 Mine file
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: Assoc. with malachite & chrysocolla.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185, 391; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), inerals of AZ: 27.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Description: Found in dump material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 392; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: In contact-metamorphic limestones with andradite, epidote & diopside.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 204, 215, 401; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 157, 410; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Kiersch, G.A. (1949), Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44: 24-39; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 50, 58, 73.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
'Wad'
Description: Partly comprised of hollandite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Unflawed crystals to 2 inches on edge.
Description: Fragile and transparent yellow crystals up to 2 inches across. Some coated & replaced by chrysocolla; transparent crystals; occurs sparingly and irregularly throughout the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 157, 425; Wilson, E.D. (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 158: 80; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 50, 80.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Crystals to 1 inch long
Colour: Pink
Description: Coatings on fracture surfaces in metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432.
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Crystals to 1 inch long
Colour: Pink
Description: Coatings on fracture surfaces in metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Miscellaneous
Murdochite4.6.5.1PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Austinite41.5.1.3CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Tsumebite43.4.2.1Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O CupriteCu2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PlattneritePbO2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O CelestineSrSO4
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S CelestineSrSO4
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
As ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
BrBromine
Br MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
PbLead
Pb MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Kungurian - Moscovian
272.95 - 315.2 Ma



ID: 2778829
Permian to Pennsylvanian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (272.95 - 315.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Hermit Formation; Supai Group; Schnebly Hill Formation; Naco Group

Description: Interbedded sandstone, shale, and limestone usually characterized by ledgy outcrops. Orange to reddish sandstone forms cliffs near Sedona. This unit includes Supai Group and Hermit Shale in northern Arizona and Naco Group in southern Arizona. It was deposited in coastal-plain to shallow-marine settings during time of variable and changing sea level. Rocks of this map unit in southern Arizona may be in part equivalent to Permian rocks of map unit P in central and northern Arizona. (280-310 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,shale,limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ross, Clyde P. (1925) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bulletin 771: 66, 68.
Tenney, J.B. (1930) The Second Report on the Mineral Industries of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 129: 75.
Elsing and Heineman (1936) Arizona Metal Production. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947) Minerals of Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 153: 17, 18, 30.
Kiersch, G.A. (1947) Seventy Nine Mine. thesis, University of Arizona.
Kiersch, G.A. (1949) Structural control and mineralization at the Seventy-nine mine, Gila County, Arizona. Economic Geology: 44: 24-39.
Wilson, E.D. (1951) Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 158: 67-81.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report 172-480 (1953) Gila County Preliminary Reconnaissance Report: 163.
Lewis, D.V. (1955) Relationships of ore bodies to dikes and sills. Economic Geology: 50: 495-516.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 27, 36, 48, 50, 58, 61, 73, 80.
Keith, S.B. (1972) Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit. Mineralogical Record: 3: 247-264.
Hicks, Clifford J. (1979) Molybdenum Occurrences in Arizona. Arizona Department of Mineral Resources: 16.
Lapidary Journal (1980) September 1980: 1278.
Niemuth, N.J. (1987) Arizona Mineral Development 1984-1986. Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 29.
Blair, Gerry (1992) The Rockhound's Guide to Arizona: Helena, MT, Falcon Press.
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Rocks & Minerals (1985) 60: 295; 65: 23.
Mineralogical Record (1990) 21: 98.
Niemuth, N.J. and Phillips, K.A. (1992) Copper Oxide Resources. Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 7 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 111, 115, 123, 125, 146, 152, 156, 157, 161, 163, 166, 173, 177, 185, 190, 196, 201, 204, 215, 225, 228, 243, 248, 249, 252, 270, 275, 276, 286, 288, 292, 299, 301, 307, 308, 316, 331, 332, 337, 341, 342, 343, 357, 361, 374, 377, 391, 392, 401, 410, 425, 432.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology file data.
USGS Hayden Quadrangle map.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources 79 Mine file.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10026845, MRDS ID #M000500; and Dep. ID #10161288, MRDS ID #D000093, MAS ID #0040070606.

Localities in this Region
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  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts

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