Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Christmas Mine (Red Bird shafts; Inspiration Mine; Hackberry shafts), Christmas, Christmas area, Banner District, Dripping Spring Mts, Gila Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Christmas Mine (Red Bird shafts; Inspiration Mine; Hackberry shafts)Mine
Christmas- not defined -
Christmas areaArea
Banner DistrictMining District
Dripping Spring MtsMountain Range
Gila Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 3' 29'' North , 110° 44' 44'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.05833,-110.74583
GeoHash:G#: 9tchpfj6e
USGS MRDS Record:10026861
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hayden650 (2017)7.0km
Winkelman346 (2017)8.2km
Dudleyville959 (2011)10.0km
Kearny2,038 (2017)15.4km
Six Shooter Canyon1,019 (2017)34.4km


A former surface and underground Cu-Au-Ag-Mo-Bi-Pb-Zn-Be-W occurrence/mine with garnet abrasive, wollastonite and iron, located in the NW¼ sec. 29 & in sec. 30, T4S, R16E, 8 miles N of Winkleman, 22 miles S of Globe, on federal land. This mine is located at Christmas (headframe hamlet) near Hayden, Arizona (8 miles North of Winkleman and 22 miles South of Globe). Previous operators included Anaconda Co.; Christmas Copper Co.; the Columbia Mining & Milling Co.; and the Riviera Mines Co. Previous owners include the Inspiration Consolidated Copper Co. Owned and operated by the Cyprus Christmas Mining Co. (1988). Most recently it was owned by Phelps Dodge until that corporation's buy-out by Freeport Macmoran, which now controls the property. NOTE: Alternate coordinates provided: 32.9986N, 110.7661W.

This property was located in 1880 by Messrs. Dennis O'Brien and William Tweed. The claims were relocated in 1902 by G.B. Chittenden. Serious mining started about 1905. The workings go to the 908 foot level but the deposits were drilled deeper. There were 5 shafts including the No. 3 (main shaft)(verticle, 3-compartment to the 908 foot level), the Hackberry shaft, the Christmas shaft, the No. 4 shaft, plus one additional shaft. The initial claims proved to be on the San Carlos Indian Reservation and were declared invalid. In December, 1902, that portion of the reservation was restored to public domain by executive order and the claims were relocated on Christmas evening by Mr. G.B. Chittenden, hence the name. The mine was later owned by the Inspiration Copper Co. until its closure in January, 1982.

The mineral deposits are in a thick series of gently dipping Paleozoic limestones (Naco Limestone; Escabrosa Limestone and the Martin Limestone) that range from Devonian to Permian (?). Overlying the limestones with only slight discordance, is a thick sequence of Cretaceous (?) volcanic rocks, mainly andesitic tuffs, breccias, and flows. A small quartz diorite stock has been intruded into the limestones and volcanic rocks. The Christmas fault cuts northwestward through the limestones, lavas, and the quartz diorite intrusive. The eastern part has been depressed, bringing the lavas in contact with the limestones, which crop out West of the fault.

The mineral deposits are contact metamorphic or pyrometasomatic type. The mineralized zones extend to the surface, where there was an open pit mine as well. The ore zone is 1524 meters long, 822.96 meters wide, with a depth-to-top of 15 meters, depth-to-bottom of 655.32 meters, at 24.38 meters thick.

Area structures include the Christmas-Joker Fault zone 7.5 miles long and 100 feet wide, striking NW and other cross-cutting fractures.

Ore control was a limestone-diorite contact, favorable limestone beds, garnetized areas, and fractures in garnet-rich zones. Ore concentration was pyrometasomatic replacement of limestone with some oxidation on fractures. Alteration was hydrothermal with epidotization, silicification, propylitic, K-silicate, quartz-sericite-chlorite, oxidation, and carbonatization.

Dimensions of the quartz diorite stock are approximately 1500 by 3000 feet elongated in a N60E direction. The deposit is zoned with a pyrite-chalcopyrite core, a chalcopyrite-bornite intermediate zone, and a pyrrhotite-sphalerite-chalcopyrite margin. The main mineralization is in limestone and contact area, but lesser mineralization is present in the diorite and andesite.

Past production was mainly from ore bodies in the Naco limestone of Pennsylvanian and Permian (?) age. A few small ore bodies have been mined from the Escabrosa limestone of Mississippian age. The ore in the Naco occurs in flat, tabular bodies which are replacements of certain favorable limestone beds close to their contact with the quartz diorite. The ore is confined to eleven distinct beds, which are consistently mineralized wherever they occur in favorable relationship to the contact. They constitute a zone about 425 feet thick of interbedded limestones and shale. The deposits in the Excabrosa are thick, irregular bodies that lie against the contact.

Workings total 1066 meters long, 762 meters wide and 487.68 meters deep.
Developments include 6 shafts with levels every 100 feet down to the 900 foot level. The 1600 foot level extends to the adjacent McDonald shaft. Dimensions estimated from mine map. Open pit, and cut and fill mining.

Total production is unclear; however, available statistics indicate a total of about 55,340,000 pounds of copper (1905 to the end of 1943), plus $160,000 of gold and $150,000 of silver (period values). 1905-1914 production not included in ABGMT-USBM file data. Ore analysis: 0.005 oz/t Au, 0.23 oz/t Ag, 2.04% Cu, 33.2% Si, 1.7% Al, 3.6% S, 12.8% Fe, 28.2% CaO.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

80 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Apachite (TL)
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Type Locality:
'Apatite'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohedrite
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Copper
Formula: Cu
'Copper Pitch Ore'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gilalite (TL)
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Junitoite (TL)
Formula: CaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Ruizite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Type Locality:
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Scawtite
Formula: Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stringhamite
Formula: CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wad'
Whelanite
Formula: Cu2+2Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Apachite (TL)9.HE.10Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohedrite9.AE.30CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gilalite (TL)9.HE.05Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Junitoite (TL)9.BD.15CaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Ruizite (TL)9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Scawtite9.CK.15Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Stringhamite9.AE.35CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Pitch Ore'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Wad'-
Whelanite-Cu2+2Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Anthonyite6.2.6.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Clinohedrite52.2.1.2CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Junitoite (TL)56.2.1.1CaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite (TL)57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 3-membered rings with other anion groups
Scawtite64.2.1.1Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Stringhamite78.1.9.1CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Apachite (TL)78.4.1.1Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Gilalite (TL)78.4.4.1Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Pitch Ore'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Wad'-
Whelanite-Cu2+2Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
H ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
NNitrogen
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
O RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
O JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
O ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Si RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Si JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Si ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Si WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Ca JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Ca WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MnManganese
Mn RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Cu ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu WhelaniteCu22+Ca6[Si6O17(OH)](CO3)(OH)3 · 2H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu CopperCu
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Kungurian - Moscovian
272.95 - 315.2 Ma



ID: 2778818
Permian to Pennsylvanian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (272.95 - 315.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Hermit Formation; Supai Group; Schnebly Hill Formation; Naco Group

Description: Interbedded sandstone, shale, and limestone usually characterized by ledgy outcrops. Orange to reddish sandstone forms cliffs near Sedona. This unit includes Supai Group and Hermit Shale in northern Arizona and Naco Group in southern Arizona. It was deposited in coastal-plain to shallow-marine settings during time of variable and changing sea level. Rocks of this map unit in southern Arizona may be in part equivalent to Permian rocks of map unit P in central and northern Arizona. (280-310 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,shale,limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham County, Arizona, USGS Bull. 763.
Ross, C.P. (1925b), Geology of the Saddle Mountain and Banner mining districts, USGS Bull. 771.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 9, 19, 21.
Tainter, S.L. (1948), Christmas copper deposit, Gila County, Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4293.
Peterson, Nels P. & Swanson (1956), USGS Bull. 1027-H, Geology of the Christmas Copper Mine, Gila County, Arizona: 351-373.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 39, 59, 91, 94.
Knoerr, A. & M. Eigo (1963), Arizona's newest copper producer - The Christmas mine, Engineering and Mining Journal: 164: 55.
Willden, Ronald (1964) Geology of the Christmas quadrangle, Gila and Pinal Counties, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1161-E, p. E1-E64, 2 sheets, scales 1:62,500 and 1:250,000.
Eastlick, John T. (1968), in: Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967. Graton Sales Volume, John D. Ridge editor, A.I.M.E.: 1191-1210.
Perry, D.V. (1969), Skarn genesis at the Christmas mine, Gila County, Arizona, Economic Geology: 64: 255-270.
Koski, R.A., and Cook, D.S. (1976) Alteration and mineralization associated with a multiphase stock at Christmas, Arizona [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs: 8(6): 962.
Koski, R.A. (1978) Geology and porphyry copper-type alteration-mineralization of igneous rocks at the Christmas mine, Gila County, Arizona: Stanford, Stanford University, Ph.D. dissertation, 268 p.
Koski, R.A. (1979) Geology and porphyry copper-type alteration-mineralization of igneous rocks at the Christmas mine, Gila County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-0844, 196 p., 6 sheets, scale 1:4,800.
Cesbron, F.P. & S.A. Williams (1980), Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, Arizona, Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 639-641.
McKee, E.H., and Koski, R.A. (1981) K-Ar ages for igneous rocks and vein minerals from the Christmas Mine area: Isochron/West, no. 32, p. 7-11.
Koski, R.A., and Cook, D.S. (1982) Geology of the Christmas porphyry copper deposit, Gila County, Arizona, in Titley, S.R., ed., Advances in geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America: Tucson, University of Arizona Press, p. 353-374.
Rocks & Minerals (1982): 57: 16.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 55.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 238.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 110, 111, 113, 116, 117, 142, 160, 163, 166, 173, 177, 179, 190, 195, 204, 205, 208, 215, 225, 228, 231, 272, 284, 286, 293, 301, 326, 341, 345, 358, 362, 368, 377, 382-383, 388, 397, 401, 409, 414, 419, 424, 428, 432.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10026861, MRDS ID #M000635; and Dep. ID #10209578, MAS ID #0040070108; and Dep. ID #10234135, MAS ID #0040070052.

Localities in this Region
Show map

  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 16, 2019 10:11:21 Page generated: January 15, 2019 19:18:00
Go to top of page