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Andes, South Americai
Regional Level Types
AndesMountain Range
South AmericaContinent

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lima7,737,002 (2010)
Bogotá7,674,366 (2016)
Santiago4,837,295 (2016)
Caracas3,000,000 (2015)
Cali2,392,877 (2016)
Medellín1,999,979 (2016)
Other Languages:
French:
Cordillère des Andes
German:
Anden
Italian:
Ande
Russian:
Анды
Simplified Chinese:
安地斯山脈
Spanish:
Cordillera de Los Andes
Afrikaans:
Andes
Albanian:
Andet
Alemannic:
Anden
Amharic:
አንዴስ ተራሮች
Anglo-Saxon:
Andes
Arabic:
أنديز
Aragonese:
Andes
Armenian:
Անդեր
Assamese:
এণ্ডিছ
Asturian:
Andes
Aymara:
Andes
Azeri:
And dağları
Bashkir:
Андтар
Basque:
Andeak
Bavarian:
Andn
Belarusian:
Анды
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Анды
Bengali:
আন্দিজ পর্বতমালা
Bosnian:
Andi
Breton:
Andoù
Bulgarian:
Анди
Burmese:
အင်န်ဒီးစ် တောင်တန်း
Catalan:
Andes
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ئەندیز
Chechen:
Андаш
Cornish:
Andes
Corsican:
Andi
Croatian:
Ande
Czech:
Andy
Danish:
Andesbjergene
Doteli:
एन्डिज
Dutch:
Andes
Egyptian Arabic:
انديز
Esperanto:
Andoj
Estonian:
Andid
Faroese:
Andesfjøll
Farsi/Persian:
آند
Fiji Hindi:
Andes
Finnish:
Andit
Friulian:
Andis
Galician:
Andes
Gan:
安底斯山脈
Georgian:
ანდები
Greek:
Άνδεις
Guarani:
Yvytyrysyi Andes
Hebrew:
הרי האנדים
Hindi:
एन्डीज़ पर्वत शृंखला
Hungarian:
Andok
Icelandic:
Andesfjöll
Ido:
Andi
Iloko:
Andes
Indonesian:
Andes
Interlingua:
Andes
Irish Gaelic:
Na hAindéis
Jamaican Patois:
Andiiz
Japanese:
アンデス山脈
Javanese:
Andes
Kabiye:
Andɛɛzɩ
Kabyle:
Anden
Kannada:
ಆಂಡೆಸ್ ಪರ್ವತಗಳು
Karachay-Balkar:
Андла
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Анд таулары
Korean:
안데스산맥
Kurdish (Latin Script):
And
Kyrgyz:
Анды
Latin:
Andes
Latvian:
Andi
Lezghian:
Андаяр
Ligurian:
Ande
Limburgian:
Andes
Lingua Franca Nova:
Andes
Lithuanian:
Andai
Lombard:
Ande
Low Saxon/Low German:
Anden
Lower Sorbian:
Andy
Luxembourgish:
Anden
Macedonian:
Анди
Maithili:
एन्डिज
Malay:
Banjaran Gunung Andes
Malayalam:
ആന്തിസ്
Marathi:
आन्देस
Meadow Mari:
Анд
Mingrelian:
ანდეფი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Andes Soaⁿ-me̍h
Mirandese:
Cordilheira de ls Andes
Mongolian:
Андын нуруу
Nepali:
एन्डिज
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
एन्डेज
Northern Frisian:
Anden
Norwegian:
Andes
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Andes
Occitan:
Andes
Odia:
ଆଣ୍ଡିଜ
Ossetian:
Андтæ
Picard:
Cortillère Andes
Piedmontese:
Ande
Polish:
Andy
Portuguese:
Andes
Punjabi:
ਐਂਡੀਜ਼
Quechua:
Antikuna
Romanian:
Anzii Cordilieri
Russia Buriat:
Анда
Rusyn:
Анды
Samogitian:
Andā
Sanskrit:
आण्डिस्
Sardinian:
Andes
Saterland Frisian:
Anden
Scots:
Andes
Scottish Gaelic:
Beanntan na h-Andes
Serbian:
Анди
Serbo-Croatian:
Ande
Sicilian:
Andi
Slovak:
Andy
Slovenian:
Andi
South Azerbaijani:
آند داغلاری
Sundanese:
Andés
Swahili:
Andes
Swedish:
Anderna
Tagalog:
Andes
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Кӯҳҳои Анд
Tamil:
அந்தீசு மலைத்தொடர்
Tarantino:
Ande
Tatar:
Анд таулары
Telugu:
ఆండీస్ పర్వతాలు
Thai:
เทือกเขาแอนดีส
Traditional Chinese:
安第斯山脈
Turkish:
And Dağları
Turkmen:
Andlar
Ukrainian:
Анди
Upper Sorbian:
Andy
Urdu:
سلسلہ کوہ انڈیز
Uyghur:
ئاند تاغلىرى
Uzbek (Latin Script):
And togʻlari
Venetian:
Ande
Veps:
Andad
Vietnamese:
Andes
Võro:
Andiq
Walloon:
Coidlire des Andes
Waray:
Andes
Welsh:
Andes
West Frisian:
Andes
Western Punjabi:
انڈیز
Wu Chinese:
安第斯山脈
Yiddish:
אנדן


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1298 valid minerals. 251 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 9 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 7 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Agglomerate

Alkali basalt

Amphibolite

Andesite

'Anomalous IIE iron meteorite'

'Aplite'

'Argillite'

'Arkose'

Basalt

Basaltic-andesite

'Bentonite'

Blueschist

Breccia

'Brecciated andesite'

C3 chondrite meteorite

'CO3.1 chondrite meteorite'

Chert

Clastic-sediment

Clay

Coal

Conglomerate

'Crystal ash'

Dacite

Diatomite

Diorite

Dolostone

Eclogite

'Endoskarn'

'Eucrite cumulate meteorite'

'Exoskarn'

Fault-breccia

'Feldspar porphyry'

Ferrocarbonatite

'Flint'

Gabbro

'Gabbrodiorite'

'Geyserite'

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

'Granitic gneiss'

Granitoid

Granodiorite

Gravel

Greenschist

Greisen

'H/L4 chondrite meteorite'

'H4-5 chondrite meteorite'

H5 chondrite meteorite

H6 chondrite meteorite

Harzburgite

'Hornblende andesite'

'Hornblende diorite'

Hornfels

'Hydrothermal breccia'

IIAB iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

Iron meteorite

Kimberlite

L6 chondrite meteorite

Lapilli-tuff

'Lapis lazuli'

Latite

Lignite

Limestone

Listvenite

'Lithic tuff'

'Macusanite'

Marble

Mesosiderite-A1 meteorite

Metagabbro

Metagreywacke

Metamorphic rock

Meteorite

Monzodiorite

Monzogabbro

Monzogranite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Nepheline-syenite

Obsidian

'Olivine basalt'

'Ophiolite'

PMG pallasite meteorite

Pallasite meteorite

Peat

'Pegmatite'

'Pegmatitic granite'

'Porphyry'

Pumice

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-diorite

'Quartz-feldspar porphyry'

Quartz-latite

Quartz-monzonite

Quartzite

'Red bed'

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

'Rhyolitic tuff'

Sand

Sandstone

Schist

Shale

Silt

Siltstone

Skarn

Slag

Slate

Tonalite

Trachyte

Travertine

Tuff

Ureilite meteorite

Volcanic breccia

Volcaniclastic-breccia

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 148 localities in this region.
Acanthite var: Zincian Acanthite
Formula: (Ag,Zn)2S
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Achalaite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn)(Ti,Fe3+,Ta)(Nb,Ta)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Galliski, M. Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Černý, P., Lira, R., Colombo, F., Roberts, A. C., & Bernhardt, H. J. (2016). Achalaite, Fe2+ TiNb2O8, A New Member of the Wodginite Group From the La Calandria Granitic Pegmatite, Córdoba, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(4), 1043-1052.
Achávalite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Cu)Se
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Ahlfeld Friedrich and Angelelll Vlctorio 1948 Las especies minerales de la Republica Argentina Univ Nac Tucumftn Inst Geologla y Mineria Jujuy Pub no 458 p 47 48 49 50 54 67 69 70 71 120 121 133 134
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
Adamite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1866): 62, 692; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: M. Dini collection
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Agardite'
Reference: Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agmantinite (TL)
Formula: Ag2MnSnS4
Type Locality:
Reference: Keutsch, F.N., Topa, D., Takagi Fredrickson, R., Makovicky, E. and Paar, W. (2015) Agmantinite, IMA 2014-083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 57; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Aheylite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Ahlfeldite (TL)
Formula: Ni(SeO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Herzenberg (1935) Zentralbl. Min., Abt. A: 189 & 279. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 635. Petrov, A., Smith, B., Smith, C. (2001) A Guide to Mineral Localities in Bolivia. Mineralogical Record Vol.32(6), pp. 457-482. Hurlbut, C.S., Aristarain, L.F. (1969) Olsacherite Pb₂(SeO₄)(SO₄), A New Mineral from Bolivia. The American Mineralogist. Vol.5, November-December, pp. 1519-1527.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Alacránite (TL)
Formula: As8S9
Type Locality:
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970): Alpha-arsenic sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. Am. Mineral. 55, 1338-1344; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Reference: Zori, C., & Tropper, P. (2013). Silver lining: evidence for Inka silver refining in northern Chile. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(8), 3282-3292.
'Alaskaite'
Reference: Board, W. S., Kennedy, B., & Yeomans, T. (2011). NI 43-101 Technical Report on the Pirquitas Mine.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 127 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine (FRL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Tassinari, C.C.G., Pinzon, F.D., and Buena Ventura, J. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 505-518.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Alcaparrosaite (TL)
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Alfredopetrovite (TL)
Formula: Al2(Se4+O3)3·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nash, B.P., Thorne, B. and Favreau, G. (2015) Alfredopetrovite, IMA 2015-026. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 943; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947. ; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Alfredstelznerite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(H2O)4[B4O4(OH)6]4(H2O)15
Type Locality:
Reference: Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128
Algodonite (TL)
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Economic Geology 66 (1971), 133]
'Alisonite'
Formula: Cu6PbS4
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Brodtkorb (2002): Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Description: In metapelites.
Reference: Eur. Journ. Mineral. , Vol. 15, N° 6, 2003, pp. 977-989.
'α-Arsenic Sulphide'
Formula: AsS
Reference: Clark, A.H. (1970) Alpha-Arsenic Sulfide, from Mina Alacrán, Pampa Larga, Chile. The American Mineralogist, 55, 1338-1344.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Description: Occurs between native zinc and native copper.
Reference: Am Min 55:5-6 pp 1019-1021
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mlynarczyk, M. S. (2005). Constraints on the Genesis of Lode-style Tin Mineralization: Evidence from the San Rafael Tin-copper Deposit, Peru (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12•18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 1005-1017
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Hugo A. Peña (1970). Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Amarantite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 87 (1964), 125
Amarillite (TL)
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: C.R.Acad.Sci., Paris (1933) 197, p. 1133
'Amber'
Reference: J. Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 33
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Ameghinite (TL)
Formula: Na(H4B3O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1967) 52, 935-945; Am Min 58:308-313; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Habit: 6-pointed stars caused by sector twinning
Colour: dark green
Description: Amesite-2H
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Ammineite (TL)
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Type Locality:
Reference: Walter, F., Bojar, H.-P., Baumgartner, J. (2010): Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2 - the first mineral with an ammine complex. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association - Budapest 21-27.08.2010 (in press); Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F., Baumgartner, J., Färber, G. (2010). Ammineite, CuCl2(NH3)2, a new species containing an ammine complex: mineral data and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1359-1371.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Juan Carlos Lodovichi (juancalo@bvconline.com.ar).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: Toubes, R.O., Chaar, E. Spikerman, J.P. Minerales radiactivos de la Republica Argentina. 5 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 1: 249-260. 1973; American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Andorite IV
Formula: Pb18Ag15Sb47S96
Andorite VI
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dr. Jorge Dascal and Gunnar Färber specimens
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Angelellite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+4(AsO4)2O3
Type Locality:
Description: Probably exhalative origin, fumarolic vapor.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Mineral., Mh. (1959) 145-151 (and 152-158); Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 100 localities in this region.
Anhydrite var: Angelite
Formula: CaSO4
Locality: Lima, Peru
Reference: J. Skupiewski photo
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: COLOMBO, Fernando; LIRA, Raúl and PANNUNZIO MINER, Elisa V.. Mineralogical Characterization Of Topaz From Miarolitic Pegmatites And W-Bearing Greisen In The A-Type El Portezuelo Granite, Papachacra (Catamarca Province). Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.2, pp. 194-200
'Annite-Phlogopite Series'
Reference: Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12553 (2016)
Anorpiment (TL)
Formula: As2S3
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Downs, R.T., Housley, R.M., Jenkins, R.A. & Hyrsl, J. (2011): Anorpiment, As2S3, the triclinic dimorph of orpiment. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2857-2867
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12553 (2016)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Sanna, L., Vattano, M., Galli, E., & Forti, P. (2017). Secondary minerals from halite caves in the Atacama Desert (Chile). In 17th International Congress of Speleology (No. I, pp. 242-246). Australian Speleological Federation Inc.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Antimonian Gersdorffite'
Formula: Ni(As,Sb)S
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Antimony Ochre'
Antipinite (TL)
Formula: KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lysenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G. and Van, K.V. (2014) Antipinite, IMA 2014-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 801; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Lyssenko, K.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Färber, G., Möhn, G., Van, K.V. (2015): Antipinite, KNa3Cu2(C2O4)4, a new mineral species from a guano deposit at Pabellón de Pica, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1111-1121.
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Reference: Scorzelli, R. B., & Souza Azevedo, I. (2001). Mössbauer Spectroscopic Studies on Mesosiderites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 185.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 115 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Peter G. Seroka collection
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Raúl J. Tauber Larry´s collection;
Aramayoite (TL)
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:461]
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: http://forum.amiminerals.org/viewtopic.php?t=3756&highlight=patache
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Urbani, F. (1996) Venezuelan cave minerals: a review. Boletín de la Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleología, No.30, 1-13.
'Arequipite'
Reference: Raimondi, A. (1878) Minéraux du Pérou: Catalogue raisonné d’une collection des principaux types minéraux de la République. 336pp., Paris: 167; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentobaumhauerite
Formula: Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72
Habit: nearly amorphous crust
Colour: indistinct purple crust
Fluorescence: none
Description: The crust was very difficult to x-ray and Baumhaurite 2a was the best guess.
Reference: Robinson, G. W., Harris, D. C. (1987): A baumhauerite-like mineral from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 18, 199-201.; Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H. & Szenics, T. (1997): Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Bjerg and Brodtkorb, Argentopentlandita de mina Salamanca: una nueva especie mineral en Argentina. 6 Congreso de Mineralogía y Metalogenia; KOSTADINOFF, J. et al. Geofisica del cuerpo ultramáfico de la mina Salamanca, provincia de Mendoza. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2004, vol.59, n.1 [citado 2011-06-03], pp. 113-120
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Argentotennantite
Formula: Ag6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Argyropyrite'
Formula: near Ag2Fe7S11
Reference: Cucurella J., Flores I. 1994: Condoriaco silver deposit: a geological, mineralogical and genetic reconstruction from I. Domeyko collection of the University La Serena, Chile. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 25, no. 1, 59-68
Arhbarite
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Aristarainite (TL)
Formula: Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1974) 59, 647-651; Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Arsenic Sulphide Glass No. 2'
Habit: Botryoidal masses
Colour: black with bright red internal reflections
Fluorescence: none
Description: Botryoidal masses often connected by laths of Dimorphite
Reference: P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed. pg 890.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Arsenobismite'
Arsenolamprite
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 245 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: maurizio dini collection - analysed specimens
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Arzrunite
Formula: Cu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min. 31 (1899), 230; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 130.
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 154-167
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Asbolane var: Cuproasbolane
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Description: In the analysed sample: Cu:Co = 3:1
Reference: XRD by Joachim Lorenz, SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Fidel Costa, Michael A. Dungan, and Brad S. Singer (2001) Magmatic Na-rich phlogopite in a suite of gabbroic crustal xenoliths from Volcán San Pedro, Chilean Andes: Evidence for a solvus relation between phlogopite and aspidolite. American Mineralogist 86:29-35.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
Atacamite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 174 localities in this region.
Type Locality: Atacama, Chile
Reference: Blumenbach J F (1803) L´atacamit, sable vert d´Atacama, in Manuel D´Histoire Naturelle, Volume 2, Soulange Artaud (Paris) 348-349
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
'Atlasite'
Formula: near Cu15(CO3)6Cl2(OH)16 · H2O
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Aubertite (TL)
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Bull.Min.(1979) 102, 348-350
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: extraLapis no.2, 43
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz); Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Autunite Group'
Formula: A(UO2)2(XO4)2·10-12H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 122 localities in this region.
Babánekite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baileychlore
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Arfè, G., Boni, M., Mondillo, N., Aiello, R., Balassone, G., Arseneau, V. and Soyk, D. (2016): Supergene alteration in the Capricornio Au-Ag epithermal vein system, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Can. Mineral. 54, 681-706.
Bakhchisaraitsevite
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Joy Desor material. EDS verified. Jason Smith collection
Bandylite (TL)
Formula: Cu[B(OH)4]Cl
Reference: Palache & Foshag (1938); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 374; American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 875.
Barahonaite-(Al)
Formula: (Ca,Cu,Na,Fe3+,Al)12Al2(AsO4)8(OH,Cl)x · nH2O
Barbosalite ?
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234
Bariandite
Formula: Al0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2O
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 40
Bariopharmacoalumite
Formula: Ba0.5Al4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Rumsey, M. S., Favreau, G., Spratt, J., Raudsepp, M. and Dini M. (2011): Bariopharmacoalumite, a new mineral species from Cap Garonne, France and Mina Grande, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 135-144.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
'Barkevikite'
Locality: Cerro Sapo, Ayopaya Province, Cochabamba, Bolivia - erroneously reported
Description: Discredited, see amphibole
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Reference: R. S. Bowman and S. E. Delap (Eds.) Zeolite ’06—7th International Conference on the Occurrence, Properties, and Utilization of Natural Zeolites Socorro, New Mexico USA, 16–21 July 2006 p 242
Barringerite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 44
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Aspden, J.A., Bonilla, W., Duque, P., (1995): The El Oro metamorphic complex, Ecuador: geology and economic mineral deposits. Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources 67, pp. 63, 1 map, British Geological Survey publ., Nottingham.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 304 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Vizquerra Benavides, J.A. (2006): Preliminary geochemical, petrological and mineralogical investigation of the high-grade Ag-Pb-Zn Pozo-Rico, Uchucchacua, Peru. Unpublished masters thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, 205 pp.
Baumstarkite (TL)
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
Reference: Amer.Min.(2002) 87, 753-764; Lapis 27(11), 2002
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Linares, E. El Yacimiento Cerro Huemul, Malargue, Mendoza. Informe Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica. Inedito. 1956; American Mineralogist: 51: 1-13
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Zn)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Bederite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1999) 84, 1674-1679; Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
'Beegerite' ?
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Lindgren, W. and Creveling, J.G. (1928) The ores of Potosi, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 23, #3, 233-262.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Bellbergite
Formula: (K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Bellidoite
Formula: Cu2Se
Bellingerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(IO3)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1940): 25: 505-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 315.
Belloite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(2000) 67-73; M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
Benavidesite (TL)
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Min.(1982) 105, 166-169; Oudin E, Picot P, Pillard F, Moëlo Y, Burke E A J, Zakrzewski M A (1982) La bénavidésite, Pb4(Mn,Fe)Sb6S14, un nouveau minéral de la série de la jamesonite, Bulletin de Minéralogie 105, 166-169
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Benyacarite (TL)
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Pilati, T., Gay, H.D., and Gramaccioli, C.M. (1993) The crystal structure of a mineral related to paulkerrite. Zeits. Kristallogr.: 208: 57–71.; Demartin, F., Gay, H.D., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Pilati, T. (1997) Benyacarite, a new titanium-bearing phosphate mineral species from Cerro Blanco, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 707–712.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Miofuvhoedki, A. P. (2001). Geochemistry and Petrology of the Tia Maria Prospect, Department of Arequipa, Peru. Thesis (M.S.)--New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berndtite (TL)
Formula: SnS2
Reference: Moh, G.H. and Berndt, F. (1965) American Mineralogist, 50, 2107.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Ben Dísraeli collection.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
Beryl var: Trapiche emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Berzeliite ?
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ruiz Fuller C.-Peebles F.; "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo 1988, Chile
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Reference: analysed with Edx, Pdf and Microprobe (by dr. Jochen Schlüter); Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207
Betpakdalite-NaCa
Formula: [Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]
Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)
Formula: [Na2(H2O)16Na(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O33(OH)4]
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. and Mills, S.J. (2011): Betpakdalite-NaNa, IMA 2011-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2892; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M., Birch, W.D., Spratt, J., Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A., Pinch, W.W. (2012): The heteropolymolybdate family: structural relations, nomenclature scheme and new species. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1175-1207.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Am Min 53:1799-1812
Bideauxite
Formula: Pb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 55
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 507.
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Billietite ?
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Reference: Li, V. (2016). The Uranium Mineralization of the Macusani District, Southeast Peru: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Geochronology and Ore-Genetic Model. PhD Thesis Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Habit: small crystals up to 0.5 mm
Reference: Frank Keutsch EDS- (Ag7AsS6, Sb-free) and SXRD-analysis (P213, a = 10.46 A).
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite var: Argentian Bindheimite'
Formula: (Pb,Ag)2-ySb2-x(O,OH,H2O)7
'Bindheimite var: Taznite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 199 localities in this region.
Biphosphammite
Formula: NH4(H2PO4)
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
'Bisbeeite' ?
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Reference: (Juan Carlos Lodovichi specimen)
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: P. Andresen collection, obtained from A. Robbemond, 2004.
Bismite (TL)
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Ahlfeld 1955
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 98 localities in this region.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
Reference: Lueth, V.W., Goodell, P.C., Pingitore, N.E., Jr. (1990): Encoding the evolution of an ore system in bismuthinite-stibnite compositions: Julcani, Peru. Economic Geology 85, 1462-1472.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 32:474]
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Galliski et al. (2001) Bismutotantalite from northwestern Argentina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 103-110.
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Colour: dark grey
Description: "A fresh, cm-sized crystal, dark grey with a greasy luster and D = 8.809 g/cm3, was examined. In reflected light, it is grey with very weak bireflectance; two phases can be distinguished. Electron-microprobe analysis gives the host bismutotantalite [Bi] as (Bi0.98Sb0.02)(Ta0.89Nb0.11)O4; the subsidiary phase [Bi,Sb], (Bi0.68Sb0.32)(Ta0.89Nb0.11)O4"
Reference: Galliski et al. (2001) Bismutotantalite from northwestern Argentina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 103-110.
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Bixbyite ?
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: Flint, S. (1986): Sedimentary and diagenetic controls on red-bed ore genesis: the Middle Tertiary San Bartolo copper deposit, Antofagasta Province, Chile. Economic Geology 81, 761-778.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bobierrite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 754.
'Bodenbenderite' (FRL)
Formula: (Mn,Ca)4Al(Al,Yt,Er)(Si,Ti)3O13
Type Locality:
Reference: Rimann, E. (1928) Bodenbenderite, a new mineral from Argentina. Sitzungsber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Gesell. Isis, Dresden. Festschrift fuer Richard Baldauf, 42-51.
Böhmite ?
Formula: AlO(OH)
Description: Inclusions in corundum
Reference: Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Bolivite'
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Bonazziite (TL)
Formula: As4S4
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist 55,1338(1970)
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Description: As salvadorite.
Reference: Hey; Herz (1896) Zeits Krist. 26:16-18
Boothite var: Ferroan Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Fe2+)SO4 · 7H2O
Description: As salvadorite.
Reference: Hey; Herz (1896) Zeits Krist. 26:16-18
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bornhardtite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2Se4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 249 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: maurizio Dini & Arturo Molina collctions- analysed by EDX & PDF (by dr. Jochen Scluter)
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Ciesielczuk, J., Żaba, J., Bzowska, G., Gaidzik, K., & Głogowska, M. (2013). Sulphate efflorescences at the geyser near Pinchollo, southern Peru. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 42, 186-193.
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Description: Veins up to 5 mm thick or as aggregates of fine, powdery, partly fibrous.
Reference: Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
Brackebuschite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1053; Mineralogical Magazine (1973): 39: 69; Canadian Mineralogist (1997): 35: 1027; Lapis (2004): 29(1): 46.
Braithwaiteite (TL)
Formula: NaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Description: In the Negra vein (Veta Negra)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 47,947(2009)
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Habit: thin prismatic
Colour: black
Description: Inclusions surrounded by radiation halo, in quartz crystals.
Reference: SEM analysis by Tony Nikischer, Excalibur Mineral Co.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Econ Geol (1992) 87:2085-2112; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 111 localities in this region.
Brodtkorbite (TL)
Formula: Cu2HgSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(2002) 40, 225-237; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite var: Iodian Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Cook, R B. (1979): Famous mineral localities; Chanarcillo, Chile. Mineralogical Record. 10, 197-204.
Bromargyrite var: Mercuroan Bromargyrite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)Br
Reference: Cook, R B. (1979): Famous mineral localities; Chanarcillo, Chile. Mineralogical Record. 10, 197-204
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 154-167
Brüggenite (TL)
Formula: Ca(IO3)2 · H2O
Reference: Progr.Abstr.,Geol.Soc.Amer.,Ann. Meeting (1971) p. 653; Am Min 57 (1972),
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Reference: Soechting, W., Rubinstein, N., & Godeas, M. (2008). Identification of ammonium-bearing minerals by shortwave infrared reflectance spectroscopy at the Esquel gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 103(4), 865-869.
Bukovite
Formula: Tl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4
Reference: Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 71 (2007) 235-240.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cadmoselite
Formula: CdSe
Reference: Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
Cadmoselite var: Cuprian Cadmoselite
Formula: (Cd,Cu)Se
Reference: Paar W H, Topa D, Roberts A C, Criddle A J, Amann G, Sureda R J (2002) The new mineral species brodtkorbite, Cu2HgSe2, and the associated selenide assemblage from Tuminico, Sierra de Cacho, La Rioja, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 225-237
Cadmoselite var: Mercurian Cadmoselite
Formula: (Cd,Hg)Se
Reference: Paar W H, Topa D, Roberts A C, Criddle A J, Amann G, Sureda R J (2002) The new mineral species brodtkorbite, Cu2HgSe2, and the associated selenide assemblage from Tuminico, Sierra de Cacho, La Rioja, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 225-237
Cadwaladerite (TL)
Formula: Al5(H2O)3(OH)12·n(Cl,H2O)
Type Locality:
Description: Never observed during several visits by Peter G. Seroka.
Reference: Notulae Naturae, Acad.Nat.Sci., Philadelphia (1941) no. 80, 4 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Caesiumpharmacosiderite (TL)
Formula: CsFe4[(AsO4)3(OH)4]·4H2O
Reference: Mills, S.J., Petrini, E., Bellatreccia, F., Schlu¨ter, J., Kampf, A.R., Rumsey, M.S., Dini, M. and Spratt, J . (2013) Caesiumpharmacosiderite, IMA 2013-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3257; Mineralogical