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Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine)Mine (Inactive)
Laurel CanyonCanyon
Grand Reef MountainMountain
Klondyke- not defined -
Santa Teresa MtsMountain Range
Aravaipa DistrictMining District
Graham Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 52' 57'' North , 110° 19' 2'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2002
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bylas1,962 (2011)33.5km
Mammoth1,487 (2017)35.0km
Fort Thomas374 (2011)37.1km
San Manuel3,551 (2011)43.0km
Winkelman346 (2017)43.9km


A former underground Pb-Cu-Ag-Zn-Au-Mo-V-Baryte-Fluorspar-Silica mine located in the E½ sec. 29, T6S, R20E (Cobre Grande Mountain 7.5 minute topo map), in Laurel Canyon, 4.6 miles SSE of Aravaipa, and about 4 road miles NE of Klondyke. The Aravaipa shaft is 1½ miles farther north. Discovered 1n 1890. Owned by the American Zinc, Lead, and Smelting Co. of St. Louis, MO (1950). First produced 1915. Also known as / designated: George H. Botts, John W. Mackay, and Patented claims MS 1760.

Mineralization is a tabular ore body hosted in Pinal Schist and limestone. The ore zone is 36.58 meters long, 9.14 meters wide, with a depth to bottom of 234.7 meters, striking N12W and dipping 85W. Associated rock units are the Horse Mountain volcanics and the Goodwin Canyon Quartz Monzonite. Ore control was breccia in the Grand Reef Fault within rhyolite porphyry which is intruded by granite. Alteration is silicification.

Area structures include the Grand Reef Fault and block faulting trending NNW. Regional trends: minor Pre-Cretaceous E- and NE

The Grand Reef lode occurs within iron-stained, silicified breccia cemented with quartz and other vein minerals. In Laurel Canyon the breccia forms a reef more than 100 feet wide and over 200 feet high. It strikes approximately N.12ºW. and dips from 70º. to almost vertical. Southward it separates into smaller branches such as the Silver Cable and Dog Water lodes (See the Silver Cable and Dog Water Mines). Below adit level the ore body was 40-50 feet long, 10-15 feet wide. Lead and zinc sulfides and oxides occur in fissure veins and replacement bodies in rhyolite and intensely brecciated limestone. The veins are in low-angle falut zones.

The reef occurs within rhyolite porphyry, which is a short distance father east, and is intruded by granite of the main batholith. In places diabase appears between the granite and rhyolite. A narrow belt of schist has been reported along the western border of the granite.

The main Grand Reef stope exhibits numerous fractures striking N.60ºE. and dipping about 80ºSE. A main break along its axis strikes slightly east of north and dips steeply east to vertically and steeply west downward to the adit level; associated with it is considerable iron stain as well as white clay alteration. Along the west wall of the stope is a vertical break trending approximately north. The southeast apex of the stope is along a fissure that strikes NE and dips 75ºSE; it is marked by considerable iron oxide, local copper stain, and white clay alteration.

Where exposed, the rhyolite in the hanging wall shows alteration to white clay minerals, intense for more than 50 feet and notable for 1,000 feet west of the Grand Reef stopes. Strong alteration of similar character appears on the west side of the Dog Water lode.

The outcrop over the Grand Reef stopes is marked by a grayish-brown color, in contrast to the darker brown tint that prevails immediately north of the ore shoot. Much of the reef south of Laurel Canyon is concealed by Tertiary gravels.

The principal known ore shoot, as stoped on and above the adit level, was 120 feet long and from 15 to more than 30 feet wide. Ore was found below these stopes, to the bottom of the winze. Smaller ore shoots were opened 10 feet west of the main shoot; 600 feet farther north, both on the ridge and in the adit; and south of the winze on the 200 level.

The ore is mainly breccia cemented with fine-grained quartz containing specks of fluorite and flakes of chlorite. Quartz also occurs as irregular bands of light grey chert, as drusy veinlets, and as white to pink vitreous masses. The most abundant sulphide is galena. It forms irregular fragments and bands and commonly includes tiny blebs of acanthite. A little sphalerite and chalcopyrite are assocated with the galena, but pyrite is scarce.

The ore is partly oxidized, and a mass of oxidized ore was reported to occur on te 300 level. Limonite, although not plentiful stains the outcrop.

This mine has a total more than 4,000 feet (1219.2 meters) of workings. The haulage level is an adit about 1,400 feet long, run northward beneath the main stopes. A winze extending 300 feet (91.44 meters) below the adit under the stopes area, has three levels of drifts at 100-foot intervals. Between 1890-1900 the mine was opened to a depth of 300 feet. The haulage level in 1950 was the 1400 foot long adit.

According to Ross 1,389 tons of shipping ore came from the Grand Reef mine during 1915-20 and of the concentrates, 2,613 tons were from te Grand Reef. Production years were 1907-1908, 1915-1920, and 1929-1931. Ranked as second producer of lead in 1931. Except during 191, the Grand Reef Mine yielded most of the output of the district during 1915-1920, 1929-31, and 1937-41. Assays (1915-1920): 2.83% Cu, 40.9% Pb, 1.4% Zn, 0.01 oz/ton Au, 20 oz/ton Ag, 2.4% Fe.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


57 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Description: Occurs as tiny blebs in galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: Crystals to 1 inch
Description: Translucent crystals in quartz-lined vugs.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 120-121, 192, 278; Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, Am.Min.: 80: 179-183; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Aravaipaite (TL)
Formula: Pb3AlF9 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 297.
Artroeite (TL)
Formula: Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 120-121; Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, Am.Min.: 80: 179-183; Min.Rec.: 27:293-300.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Description: As a post-mining coating on mine working walls.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 2.
Boothite ?
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: de Álvaraz Morfĩn, Torre (1999) The Use Of Pb Isotopes To Characterize The Fate And Transport Of Pb In An Interrupted Stream, Aravaipa Creek, Graham County, Arizona. MS Thesis University of Arizona; Mineralogical Record 11:225
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 153; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Colour: Bright yellow
Description: Occurs as botryoidal masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148.
Calcioaravaipaite (TL)
Formula: PbCa2AlF9
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in a quartz vug.
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1996), Calcioaravaipaite a new mineral and associated lead fluoride minerals from the Grand Reef Mine, Graham County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 27: 293-300; Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 3.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 153; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Large 6-ling twinned crystals to fist sized.
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined cavities.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148, 158, 278; Min.Rec.: 27: 305.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: A little is present.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
'Chlorite Group'
Description: s flakes included in fine-grained quartz cement in breccia.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: JD Mizer and Kenneth Dresang Collection
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined vugs with associated species.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 192.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Kenneth Dresang and JD Mizer collection
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 120-121, 223; Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, Am.Min.: 80: 179-183; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 43; Min.Rec.: 27: 305; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Contains tiny blebs of included acanthite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 120-121; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, Am.Min.: 80: 179-183; Min.Rec.: 27: 305; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Description: Occurs as porcelainous masses & powder in quartz-lined vugs with linarite & barite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 230; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Grandreefite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Type Locality:
Habit: Striated, prismatic, orthorhombic crystals.
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs as crystals in vugs with associated minerals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 238; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 296.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 372; Min.Rec.: 27: 305.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Laurelite (TL)
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Type Locality:
Habit: Slightly flexible fibers to 1 cm long.
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined vugs.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 272; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 297.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Tabular, pseudo-hexagonal twinned crystals to 1 cm diameter
Colour: Blue-gray
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Mineralogical Record 22:381
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Occurs as brilliant druses & splendent groups of crystals to 1 inch long in quartz-lined cavities.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 192, 230, 278; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Description: Specimen mentioned in Jones(1980) of "natrolite" with Azurite is actually cerussite with azurite (Personal observation of the specimen. - WW Besse). Anthony (1995) sites Jones(1980) so is a non-reference.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 310; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225
Olivenite ?
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Acicular; in tufts
Colour: Green
Description: Occurs as tufts on azurite. NOTE: Identification was from one specimen photographed in Mineralogical Record article that is most likely brochantite or malachite. Mineralogy of Arizona references the MR article so it it a useless reference in this case. (WW Besse, 2016)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225.
Pinalite
Formula: Pb3WO5Cl2
Reference: No reference listed
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Specimen in collection of Michael Cline, ex Jungles and Dakota Matrix Minerals. Analyzed.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 27:305]
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Colour: Light green
Description: Masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 335.
Pseudograndreefite (TL)
Formula: Pb6(SO4)F10
Type Locality:
Habit: Tabular; sub-parallel crystal aggregates
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined vugs with associated species.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 336; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 296.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Scarce.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 118; Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 219-225; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 305.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Reference: Rruff project single crystal XRD.
Shannonite (TL)
Formula: Pb2O(CO3)
Type Locality:
Colour: White
Description: Porcellanous masses.
Reference: Roberts, A.C., J.A.R. Stirling, G.J.C. Carpenter, A.J. Criddle, G.C. Jones, T.C. Birkett, and W.D. Birch (1995) Shannonite, Pb2OCO3, a new mineral from the Grand Reef Mine, Graham County, Arizona, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 304-310.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 372.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: A little is present.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100; Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 763; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 15; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 62.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 392; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 27.
'UM1995-03-CO:Pb'
Formula: Pb3O2(CO3)
Reference: Roberts, A.C., Stirling, J.A.R., Carpenter, G.J.C., Criddle, A.J., Jones, G.C., Birkett, T.C., Birch, W.D. (1995): Shannonite, Pb2OCO3, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham County, Arizona, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 297-304
'Wad'
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Aravaipaite (TL)3.DC.35Pb3AlF9 · H2O
Artroeite (TL)3.CC.15Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Calcioaravaipaite (TL)3.DC.37PbCa2AlF9
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Laurelite (TL)3.DC.20Pb7F12Cl2
Pinalite3.DC.55Pb3WO5Cl2
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Shannonite (TL)5.BE.05Pb2O(CO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bonattite7.CB.10CuSO4 · 3H2O
Boothite ?7.CB.35CuSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Grandreefite (TL)7.BD.45Pb2(SO4)F2
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pseudograndreefite (TL)7.BD.65Pb6(SO4)F10
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite ?8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite ?9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'UM1995-03-CO:Pb'-Pb3O2(CO3)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Laurelite (TL)9.2.10.1Pb7F12Cl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Pinalite10.2.9.1Pb3WO5Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Aravaipaite (TL)11.6.19.1Pb3AlF9 · H2O
Artroeite (TL)11.6.18.1Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Grandreefite (TL)12.1.2.1Pb2(SO4)F2
Pseudograndreefite (TL)12.1.3.1Pb6(SO4)F10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Boothite ?29.6.10.2CuSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite ?41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite ?77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Bonattite-CuSO4 · 3H2O
Calcioaravaipaite (TL)-PbCa2AlF9
'Chlorite Group'-
Shannonite (TL)-Pb2O(CO3)
'UM1995-03-CO:Pb'-Pb3O2(CO3)
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
H ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C UM1995-03-CO:PbPb3O2(CO3)
OOxygen
O AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
O ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
O GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
O PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
O ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LithargePbO
O MassicotPbO
O MiniumPb3O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O UM1995-03-CO:PbPb3O2(CO3)
O BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
F ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
F CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
F GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
F LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
F PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
Al ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Al CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PPhosphorus
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
S PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
Cl PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
PbLead
Pb AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
Pb ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Pb CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Pb GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
Pb LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
Pb PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
Pb ShannonitePb2O(CO3)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PinalitePb3WO5Cl2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb UM1995-03-CO:PbPb3O2(CO3)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Langhian - Chattian
13.82 - 28.1 Ma



ID: 2848158
Middle Miocene to Oligocene granitic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (13.82 - 28.1 Ma)

Description: Granite to diorite representing solidified magma chambers that were the likely source of overlying and nearby volcanic rocks of map unit Tv. The granitic rocks are typically equigranular and fine- to medium-grained. (14-26 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{granite,granodiorite,diorite}, Minor:{quartz diorite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Arizona Mining Journal (1920) August, 1920: 31.
Ross, C.P. (1925a), Geology and ore deposits of the Aravaipa and Stanley mining districts, Graham County, Arizona, USGS Bull. 763: 78-86.
Elsing and Heineman (1936) Arizona Metal Production. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140: 93.
Flagg, A.G. (1942), Vanadium report, Book 2: 4 (Dog Water and Silver Cable claims file).
Denton, T.C. (1947) U.S Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4007.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 15, 27.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 156: 60-62.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 43.
Simons, F.S. (1964) Geology of the Klondyke Quadrangle Graham and Pinal Counties. USGS Professional Paper 461: 146.
Van Alstine, R.E. and Moore, R.T. (1969) Fluorspar, in Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull. 871): 352.
USGS & Arizona Bureau of Mines & U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Mineral and Water Resources of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull.871): 235.
Elevatorski, E.A. (1971), Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR), Arizona Fluorspar: 19.
Anthony, et al (1977) Mineralogy of Arizona: 22.
Elevatorski, E.A. (1978), Arizona Industrial Minerals, Arizona Department of Mineral Resources, Minerals Report No. 2: 33.
Hicks, Clifford J. (1979) Molybdenum Occurrences in Arizona, Arizona Department of Mineral Resources: 17.
Jones, R.W. (1980), The Grand Reef mine, Graham County, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 11: 219-225;
Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grand Reef mine, Graham County, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 74: 927-933.
Peirce, H. Wesley (1990), Arizona Geological Survey Industrial Minerals card file.
Brown, S.D. (1993) Mineral Appraisal of the Coronado National Forest, Graham County, Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Open File Report MLA 26-93: 40.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 100, 112, 118, 120-121, 144, 148, 153, 158, 192, 202, 223, 230, 238, 272, 274, 278, 299, 310, 316, 335, 336, 372, 392.
Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, American Mineralogist: 80: 179-183.
Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1996), Calcioaravaipaite a new mineral and associated lead fluoride minerals from the Grand Reef Mine, Graham County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 27: 293-300.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 7 (Table 1).
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 2, 3.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources FAR Mining Resources file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Aravaipa Mining District Geology file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources U file.
USGS Cobre Grande Mountain Quadrangle map.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet #753.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10039486, MRDS ID #M050152; and Dep. ID #10209872, MAS ID #0040090147; and Dep. ID #10210077, MRDS ID #D002184, MAS ID #0040090048 (Aravaipa shaft).

USGS MRDS Record:10039486
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