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Buckeye vein group, Castle Dome Mine group, Kofa Game Range, Castle Dome Mining District, Castle Dome Mts, Yuma Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Buckeye vein group- not defined -
Castle Dome Mine group- not defined -
Kofa Game RangeMountain Range
Castle Dome Mining DistrictMining District
Castle Dome MtsMountain Range
Yuma Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 2' 30'' North , 114° 10' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Wellton2,936 (2017)41.1km
Tacna602 (2011)43.5km
Buckshot153 (2017)44.2km
Fortuna Foothills26,265 (2011)48.1km
El Prado Estates504 (2017)49.4km


A former underground Pb-Ag-F-Ba-V-Mo-Zn-Au-Cu (As-Se-Be-Sb) mine group located in South-central sec. 25, North-central to South-central sec. 36, T.4S., R.19W. (protracted), on the Kofa Game Range. The property consisted of 1 patented claim and numerous unpatented claims. The mines and claims of this vein also included claims named/formerly named the Caledona, the William Penn and the Miller, all of which are apparently now covered, or partially covered, by the mines listed under this group. These particular mines were owned at times, or in part, by Miller & Nagle, Miller & Hopkins, Castle Dome Mining and Smelting Co., Gondolfo & Sanguinetti, Mrs. Elizabeth De Luce, and numerous later lessees and operators.

Mineralization is a lensing and branching vein zone traceable for some 5,000 feet (1524 meters), a few inches to several feet wide (0.61 meters wide), with a depth to bottom of 60.96 meters. It strikes S25E and dips 70W. The surface is largely covered by up to 200 feet of gravel. Wall rocks are of Mesozic shale cut by large diorite porphyry and smaller quartz porphyry dikes, with veins best developed near or on contact of two types of dikes. Irregular and discontinuous orebodies, possibly related to cross-fractures. Locally abundant fluorite. Alteration includes shales that are somewhat chloritized, vein wall rocks are altered to quartz, calcite and sericite. The best ore was located at the contact of two types of dikes. Pyrite metacrystals, altered to limonite, are present.

Workings include extensive stoping of ore shoots down to at least 250 feet (76.2 meters) from numerous incline shafts. Total length of workings is 1524 meters. Worked before 1870. Most mining was done prior to 1890. Total production unknown.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037078, MRDS ID #M030339.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities:
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037078, MRDS ID #M030339.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: Pseudomorphic after pyrite crystals.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037078.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities:
Mimetite var: Vanadian Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
Localities:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037078, MRDS ID #M030339.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities:
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Vanadian Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mimetite
var: Vanadian Mimetite
-Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O Mimetite (var: Vanadian Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O AnglesitePbSO4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl Mimetite (var: Vanadian Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
VVanadium
V Mimetite (var: Vanadian Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As Mimetite (var: Vanadian Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb Mimetite (var: Vanadian Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4,VO4)3Cl
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blake (1880).
Blake, W.P. (1881a), Vanadinite in Arizona, American Journal of Science: 22: 235.
Blake, W.P. (1881b), On the occurrence of vanadates of lead at the Castle Dome mines in Arizona, American Journal of Science: 22: 410-411.
Nevius, J.N. (1912) The Castle Dome lead district, Arizona: Mining and Scientific Press: 104: 854-855.
Wilson, E.D. (1933) Geology and Mineral Deposits of Southern Yuma County, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 134: 95-96.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 110-111.
Keith, Stanton B. (1978), State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma County, Arizona: 119 (Table 4).
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037078, MRDS ID #M030339.

USGS MRDS Record:10037078

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