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Morenci, Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District), Shannon Mts, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 4' 43'' North , 109° 21' 53'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.07861,-109.36472
GeoHash:G#: 9tfhpmg0c
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

83 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: FM-TGMS-MSA Symposium of Azurite and Other Copper Carbonates, Abstracts: Azurite and Malachite from the Morenci and Metcalf Mines, Greenlee County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record 22:66-67
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities:
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'
'Clinoptilolite'
Copper
Formula: Cu
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Gem Silica'
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.azminerals.com
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Personal communication with Robert Housley; see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-252638.html
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities:
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Personal communication with Robert Housley; see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-252638.html
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Anilite'2.BA.10Cu7S4
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Akaganeite'4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
'Aurorite'4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
'Chalcophanite'4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Antlerite'7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Diadochite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Chlorite Group-
Chrysocolla Chalcedony-
Clinoptilolite-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gem Silica-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Pyroxene Group-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Schwertmannite6.4.10.1Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Tsumebite43.4.2.1Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Diadochite43.5.2.1Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysocolla Chalcedony'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gem Silica'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MassicotPbO
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AniliteCu7S4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
ClChlorine
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchwertmanniteFe163+(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
UUranium
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

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