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Yunyingwo, Ningxiang City, Changsha, Hunan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
YunyingwoGroup of Diatremes
Ningxiang CityCity
ChangshaPrefecture-level City
HunanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
28° 10' North , 112° 18' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Diatremes
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Yutan55,312 (2013)27.5km
Yiyang202,608 (2015)47.0km


Six diatremes with diameters of 200-500m emplaced into Neoproterozoic slates and Devonian sandstones and shales.

A range of trace elements including REEs.

A total of 65 diamonds have been found in three of diatremes.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O RutileTiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AnataseTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Devonian : 1000 Ma to 358.9 ± 0.4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
ⓘ SandstoneDevonian
(358.9 - 419.2 Ma)
ⓘ ShaleDevonian
(358.9 - 419.2 Ma)
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Lamproite362.2 Ma
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
ⓘ SlateNeoproterozoic
(541 - 1000 Ma)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.74
Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

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