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Rowley Mine (Rawley Mine; Reliance Mine; Reliance Copper Mine; Rainbow Mine; Theba Mine; San Carlos patented claim #4524), Theba, Painted Rock District, Painted Rock Mts, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Bruce J. Murphy
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 2' 57'' North , 113° 1' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.04917,-113.03306
GeoHash:G#: 9mzs5b7v6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A former Cu-Pb-Au-Ag-Mo-V-baryte-fluorspar mine located in secs. 24 & 25, T4S, R8W (Dendora Valley 15 minute topo map), on the western edge of the Painted Rock Mountains and approximately 27 miles west and north of Gila Bend. Started about 1909. Owned by Jack Rowley Fedrick (circa 1952). Discovered 1900. Last produced 1923.

Mineralization is the Rowley vein. The structure is a 4,000-foot fault zone that strikes N30º-37ºW with quartz vein on the footwall and baryte vein on the hanging wall; NE-SW striking shear zone which may represent a fault with Tertiary volcanics to NW and Precambrian schist to SE. Ore control is quartz veins cutting andesite.

Flat-lying Tertiary andesite flows underlie the Jack Rowley claims and the adjoining San Carlos claims. A fault striking 30ºN to 37ºW and dipping 37º to 50ºE. cuts these rocks and extends about 4,000 feet across the claims. Mineralized segments of the fault comprise the Rowley vein, and one segment, about 800 feet long, is exposed on the Rowley claims. The Rowley vein consists of two distinct and adjoining veins in the same fault structure - a quartz vein in the footwall and a barite vein in the hanging wall.

The quartz vein has a fairly uniform width of about 5 feet in the main shaft and on the 125 level for a distance of about 370 feet. The footwall contains no fault gouge or breccia. A few widely spaced tight fractures cut the vein and extend a few feet into the andesite. The vein is massive; nowhere is it brecciated or greatly fractured. There is no gossan or leached zone in or near the vein and no evidence of a zone of enrichment at depth.

Massive quartz and a minor amount of jasper compose most of the vein material, but a small amount of specular hematite and sparse grains of pyrite are present. Some of the quartz is rust-colored from small amounts of hematite and limonite that occur both as inclusions and as stains from weathering of iron minerals in the andesite. Several persistent bands of malachite and chrysocolla, 1 to 2½ inches (2.5 to 6.25 cm) thick, occur within the quartz. These minerals also occur for distances as much as 3 feet along isolated fractures that cut the vein and extend into the andesite. Small pockets of high-grade oxide copper ore and a small amount of chalcocite have been reported.

The barite vein in the hanging wall of the Rowley vein structure ranges from 15 to 30 feet in thickness. Its contact with the quartz vein is sharp and regular, whereas the hanging wall is very irregular. Gouge, 4 inches (10 cm) thick, separates the barite from a 3 to 4-foot zone of fractures and slightly brecciated andesite. Inclusions of andesite are present in the vein within 10 feet of the hanging wall. Barite usually occurs as masses of stringers parallel to the strike of the vein, although some of the stringers are contorted and even bend through an arc of 180º.

Galena is associated with the barite. One pod 5 inches in diameter was seen, and reportedly pods of galena were once mined. Small amounts of calcite are also present.

Molybdenum minerals are present in both the quartz and barite veins near their common contact. Ferrimolybdite forms a thin partial coating on the walls of the main shaft from the surface to a depth of 50 feet. At a greater depth, small stringers containing minute crystals of wulfenite are present in the shaft walls. Some of the stringers cut through the narrow bands of malachite and chrysocolla.

Workings included the main inclined shaft (the No. 1) at 265 feet deep, an inclined shaft (the Jones Shaft), at 125 feet deep, and a vertical shaft 163 feet deep. There are also perhaps as much as 1,850 feet of drifts. The 125 level followed the vein for 370 feet.

NOTE: The Rowley Mine is on private property. Trespassing for collecting, or any other activities, either on the surface or underground, without the permission of the leaseholders, is strictly prohibited.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Rowley mine, Maricopa Co, Arizona, USA
Rowley Mine

Regions containing this locality

Sonoran Desert, North America

Desert - 1,138 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


53 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Ammineite
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112, 202, 274; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Identified by Tony Kampf, October 2012
Ashburtonite
Formula: Pb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Reference: PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.; Bruce Murphy Collection
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Habit: Massive, Microcrystals, Radiating clusters pseudomorphi g to Chrysocolla (observed 2004-2008)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 141, 278; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Crystals to 2 cm long & 2-4 mm thick
Colour: Colorless
Description: Comprises the bulk of a vein in the hanging wall of the fissure. Crystals commonly lining cavities in massive barite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 128, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E6-7; Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.; Mineralogical Record 22:381
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Description: Occurs as minute spheres (0.01 to 0.03 mm diameter). Also as cubes (0.1 mm) - EDX analysis Association Jean WYART, Paris - Georges FAVREAU specimen
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Verfied by Bob Jenkins, February 2010, by Raman, University of Arizona. Specimen in Bruce J. Murphy collection.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 274, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Michael Cline collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Sharp, tiny
Description: Clear crystals and massive.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 158; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS file #10008298.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: EDS analysis Association Jean WYART, Paris - specimen Georges FAVREAU - Chlorargyrite with 13% Br and 10% I
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Small masses & stringers; friable to powdery; bands from 1 to 2½ inches (2.5 to 6.25 cm) thick in the quartz vein.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 173; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E6-7.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf; also as "anatacamite" (later found to be twinned clinoatacamite) PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf; Bruce Murphy Collection
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS file #10008298.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Habit: Tetragonal plates
Colour: Blue
Description: Untwinned crystals, free of Boleite. Associated with Mimetite, Wulfenite, Cerussite, Barite, and Atacamite.
Reference: Raman ID on 2007 material; Michael Cline. Confirmed via single crystal X-ray by Dr. Marcus Origlieri.; Bob Meyer (2011) The Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy - Pacific Northwest Chapter Newsletter
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Colour: Black
Description: Sparse coatings of minute crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 201; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Description: Sparse amounts; as sandy aggregates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 202, 278, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Description: Thin, partial coating on the walls of the shaft.
Reference: Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E7.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: Cubic to dodecahedral micro-crystals; some elongated on [111].
Colour: Colorless to violet
Description: Small amounts; masses in quartz veins
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 223; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: EDS analysis Association Jean WYART, Paris - specimen Georges FAVREAU
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: As pods.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 228; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E6-7; Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Habit: Prismatic to globular
Colour: Yellow to orange
Description: This crystals were analyzed by SEM-EDS and confirmed that prismatic and globular "mimetite" contains Ca.
Reference: Joan Rosell - RosellMinerals.com (2014)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: The powdery form of the mineral is responsible for the ubiquitous red coloration.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 246; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Bruce Murphy Collection
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Fine, highly modified, plate-like crystals to 6 mm diameter
Colour: Sky-blue, yellow, pale green
Description: Occurs sparingly as water-clear crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 274; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Micro-crystals, larger bladed crystals frozen in matrix
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141, 202, 278; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 63.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Bands from 1 to 2½ inches (2.5 to 6.25 cm) thick in the quartz vein.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 173; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E6-7.
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Habit: Monoclinic with the termination showing one angled side longer than the other.
Colour: Green or blue with green being dominant.
Description: Occurs with diaboleite, boleite, cerussite, atacamite, and phosgenite. Usually occurs as a rim around galena pods.
Reference: EDX analysis Association Jean WYART, Paris - specimen Georges FAVREAU
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Habit: Micro-crystals with great variety of shapes/habits; minute, perfect hexagonal crystakls less than 1 mm long
Colour: Red to yellow; some zoned with center orange & ends yellow.
Description: AS crystals and as nearly perfect spherical aggregates
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 299, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Rocks & Min.: 62: 336 & 338.; Mineralogical Record 22:381
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 307.
Parkinsonite
Formula: Pb7MoO9Cl2
Reference: PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.; Bruce Murphy Collection
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Phoxite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Celestian, A.J., Nash, B.P. and Marty, J. (2018) Phoxite, IMA 2018-009. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 783; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Michael Cline collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Habit: Small crystals to 6 mm long
Colour: Green
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rowleyite (TL)
Formula: [Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V5+,4+2(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Nash, B.P., Cerling, T.E., Marty, J., Hummer, D.R., Celestian, A.J., Rose, T.P., Trebisky, T.J. (2016): Rowleyite, IMA 2016-037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Simonkolleite
Formula: Zn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
Reference: RRUFF project
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 201, 410; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E10; Rocks & Min.: 65: 10 & 23.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.; Mineralogical Record 22:381
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Excellent crystals to 2 cm on edge
Colour: Bright orange to yellow
Description: Small stringers containing minute crystals. These also cut the malachite and chrysocolla bands.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 425; Min.Rec.: 3: 182; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30; Min.Rec.: 19: 210; Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United Sattes 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bull. 1182-E: E7, E10; Min.Rec.: 17: 404-405; Min.Rec.: 22: 381; Rocks & Min.: 62: 336 & 338.; Mineralogical Record 22:381

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Ammineite'3.C0.[CuCl2(NH3)2]
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
'Boleite'3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Parkinsonite3.DB.40Pb7MoO9Cl2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Simonkolleite3.DA.20Zn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Antlerite'7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mammothite7.BC.60Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Ashburtonite'9.CF.05Pb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Phoxite (TL)-(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
Rowleyite (TL)-[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V5+,4+2(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Am(O,OH)pXq
Parkinsonite10.5.11.1Pb7MoO9Cl2
Simonkolleite10.5.8.1Zn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Mammothite30.1.14.1Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Ashburtonite78.4.2.1Pb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Ammineite-[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Phoxite (TL)-(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Rowleyite (TL)-[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V5+,4+2(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
H SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
CCarbon
C AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
NNitrogen
N Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
N Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
N Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
OOxygen
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BaryteBaSO4
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O HematiteFe2O3
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
O MassicotPbO
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiniumPb3O4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
O SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
MgMagnesium
Mg Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
SiSilicon
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P Phoxite(NH4)2Mg2(C2O4)(PO3OH)2(H2O)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cl AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Cl MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
Cl SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
AsArsenic
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Rowleyite[Na(NH4,K)9Cl4][V25+,4+(P,As)O8]6·n[H2O,Na,NH4,K,Cl]
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Pleistocene - Middle Pleistocene
0.0117 - 0.781 Ma



ID: 2848066
Late and middle Pleistocene surficial deposits

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 0.781 Ma)

Description: Unconsolidated to weakly consolidated alluvial fan, terrace, and basin-floor deposits with moderate to strong soil development. Fan and terrace deposits are primarily poorly sorted, moderately bedded gravel and sand, and basin-floor deposits are primarily sand, silt, and clay. (10-750 ka)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{gravel,sand}, Minor:{silt,clay}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Mines Handbook & Copper Handbook: vol. XII-XIV: 1916-1924.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 63, 67.
Stewart, L.A. & Pfister (1960) Barite deposits of Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5651: 41-44.
Kirkemo, H., et al (1965) Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United States 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bulletin 1182-E: E6-7 & 10.
Mineralogical Record (1972) 3: 182.
Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974) Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Mineralogical Record: 5: 10-30.
Elevatorski, E.A. (1979) Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Fluorspar Report: 29.
Hicks, C. (1979) Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Fluorspar Report: 17.
Mineralogical Record (1986) 17: 404-405.
Rocks & Minerals (1987) 62: 336 & 338.
Mineralogical Record (1988) 19: 210.
Rocks & Minerals (1990) 65: 10, 23.
Mineralogical Record (1991) 22: 381.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992) Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Rept. 92-10: 10 (Table 1).
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) file data.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District sheet #521.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Arizona Barite Mine file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Rowley file.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 112, 121, 128, 141, 158, 161, 173, 201, 202, 223, 228, 246, 274, 278, 299, 307, 344, 410, 420, 425.
USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10008298, 10234802 & 10137899.
Kampf, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Nash, B.P., Cerling, T.E., Marty, J., Hummer, D.R., Celestian, A.J., Rose, T.P., Trebisky, T.J. (2016) Rowleyite, IMA 2016-037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144.
Yale Peabody GNIS database (NOTE: this database is derived from USGS 1:24,000 topographic map data).


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