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Meteor Crater (Barringer Crater), Meteor Crater area, Coconino County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Meteor Crater (Barringer Crater)Impact Crater
Meteor Crater areaArea
Coconino CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Coon Butte; Coon Mountain; Crater Mound; Crater Mountain; Franklins Hole; Meteor Mountain; Meteorite Mountain


A 50,000 years old meteorite impact crater located in the center sec. 13, T19N, R12+E, G&SRM, 29.7 km (18.4 miles) W of Winslow. The crater is privately owned by the Barringer family through their Barringer Crater Company. The claims extend into the N½ sec. 24.

NOTE: Species listed on this page are either terrestrial occurrences that pre-existed the meteoric impact or are the results of the meteorite impact. Additional species are listed under the Canyon Diablo meteorite, which impacted the earth here. Those species occur in the meteorite itself and are distributed within, and beyond the crater.

To see an aggregated list of all species click up to the 'Meteor Crater and vicinity' level.


Local rocks include Permian sedimentary rocks.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


7 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Coesite (TL)
Formula: SiO2
Type Locality:
Description: Abundant constituent of sheared Coconino Sandstone in debris directly below crater floor & beyond the crater rim & in breccia deep below the crater floor & in lechatelierite in waterlain beds within the crater; irregular grains 5 to more than 50 microns.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 180; Chao, E.C.T., et al (1960), First natural occurrence of coesite, Science: 132: 220-222.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Results from the fusion of fine-grained Coconino Sandstone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Rogers, A.F. (1930), A unique occurrence of lechatelierite or silica glass, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 19: 195-202; Kerr, 1977. Optical Mineralogy, p.283.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs as elongate, isotropic grains alternating with a goethite-like iron oxide as a minor component of tiny metallic spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 282, 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Space Science Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp.758-831
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Description: Occurs in tiny spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.
Stishovite (TL)
Formula: SiO2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in shock-impact metamorphosed Coconino Sandstone with coesite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 383; Chao, E.C.T., et al (1962), Stishovite, a very high pressure new mineral from Meteor Crater, AZ, Jour. Geophys. Res.: 67: 419-421; Fahey, J.J. (1964), Recovery of coesite and stishovite from Coconino Sandstone of Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 49: 1643-1647; Bohn, E. & W. Stöber (1966), Coesit und Stishovit als isolierte natürliche Mineralien, Neues Jahrb. Min.: 89-96; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; J. Geophys. Res. 67 (1962), 419.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: Occurs in tiny spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coesite (TL)4.DA.35SiO2
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Stishovite (TL)4.DA.40SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
AX2
Stishovite (TL)4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite (TL)75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Lechatelierite-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O CoesiteSiO2
O StishoviteSiO2
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
SiSilicon
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rogers, A.F. (1930) A unique occurrence of lechatelierite or silica glass. American Journal of Science, 19, 195-202.
Mainwaring, T.A. (1954) Market for Meteor Crater Sand in Arizona and Southern California. Stanford Research Institute.
Chao, E.C.T. et al. (1960) First natural occurrence of coesite. Science, 132, 220-222.
Chao, E.C.T. et al. (1962) Stishovite, a very high-pressure new mineral from Meteor Crater, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Reseach, 67, 419-421.
Fahey, J.J. (1964) Recovery of coesite and stishovite from Coconino Sandstone of Meteor Crater, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 49, 1643-1647.
Mead, C. et al. (1965) Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 50, 667-681.
Bohn, E., Stöber, W. (1966) Coesit und Stishovit als isolierte natürliche Mineralien. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 89-96.
Gigl, P.D., Dachille, F. (1968) Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite. Meteorites, 4, 123-136.
Shoemaker, E.M., Kieffer, S.W. (1974) Guide to the Astronaut Trail at Meteor Crater, in Shoemaker, E.M., and Kieffer, S.W. (Eds.) Guidebook to the geology of Meteor Crater, Arizona, prepared... for the 37th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, August 7, 1974: Tempe, Arizona State University, Center for Meteorite Studies, Publication No. 17: 34-62 [reprinted 1988].
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 180, 274, 383, 403.
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1995) Minerals Availability System/Mineral Industry Location System (MAS/MILS), U.S. Bureau of Mines, file ID #0040050319.
USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, deposit ID #10283056.
USGS Meteor Crater, Arizona, quadrangle topo map.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District sheets 147 & 148.
Arizona Division of Mines and Resources Meteor Crater file.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteor_Crater
Wikidata ID:Q431381
GeoNames ID:5304577
USGS MRDS Record:10283056

External Links


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North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

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