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Meteor Crater (Barringer Crater), Meteor Crater area, Winslow, Coconino Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Meteor Crater (Barringer Crater)Crater
Meteor Crater areaArea
Winslow- not defined -
Coconino Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 1' 41'' North , 111° 1' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.02806,-111.02250
GeoHash:G#: 9w1p38evh
Locality type:Crater
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
LeChee1,443 (2011)24.5km
Winslow West438 (2011)24.5km
West Winslow150 (2006)25.5km
Winslow9,600 (2017)29.6km
Leupp951 (2011)30.0km


A 50,000 years old meteorite impact crater located about 28 km W of Winslow.
The crater is privately owned by the Barringer family through their Barringer Crater Company.

NOTE: Species listed on this page are either terrestrial occurrences that pre-existed the meteoric impact or are the results of the meteorite impact. Additional species are listed under the Canyon Diablo meteorite, which impacted the earth here. Those species occur in the meteorite itself and are distributed within, and beyond the crater.

To see an aggregated list of all species click up to the 'Meteor Crater area' level.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Coesite (TL)
Formula: SiO2
Type Locality:
Description: Abundant constituent of sheared Coconino Sandstone in debris directly below crater floor & beyond the crater rim & in breccia deep below the crater floor & in lechatelierite in waterlain beds within the crater; irregular grains 5 to more than 50 microns.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 180; Chao, E.C.T., et al (1960), First natural occurrence of coesite, Science: 132: 220-222.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Results from the fusion of fine-grained Coconino Sandstone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 274; Rogers, A.F. (1930), A unique occurrence of lechatelierite or silica glass, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 19: 195-202; Kerr, 1977. Optical Mineralogy, p.283.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Description: Occurs as elongate, isotropic grains alternating with a goethite-like iron oxide as a minor component of tiny metallic spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 282, 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Space Science Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp.758-831
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Description: Occurs in tiny spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.
Stishovite (TL)
Formula: SiO2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in shock-impact metamorphosed Coconino Sandstone with coesite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 383; Chao, E.C.T., et al (1962), Stishovite, a very high pressure new mineral from Meteor Crater, AZ, Jour. Geophys. Res.: 67: 419-421; Fahey, J.J. (1964), Recovery of coesite and stishovite from Coconino Sandstone of Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 49: 1643-1647; Bohn, E. & W. Stöber (1966), Coesit und Stishovit als isolierte natürliche Mineralien, Neues Jahrb. Min.: 89-96; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; J. Geophys. Res. 67 (1962), 419.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: Occurs in tiny spheroids probably formed from the meteorite impact.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; Mead, C., et al (1965), Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 50: 667-681.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coesite (TL)4.DA.35SiO2
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Stishovite (TL)4.DA.40SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Stishovite (TL)4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite (TL)75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Lechatelierite-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O CoesiteSiO2
O StishoviteSiO2
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
SiSilicon
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3187666
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Roadian - Kungurian
268.8 - 283.5 Ma



ID: 2981036
Permian sedimentary rocks

Age: Permian (268.8 - 283.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Kaibab Formation; Toroweap Formation; Coconino Sandstone

Description: Gray to tan, cherty limestone of Kaibab and Toroweap Formations, and underlying white to tan, fine-grained Coconino Sandstone. Limestone was deposited in a shallow sea, and sandstone was deposited in near-shore dunes and beach settings. (270-280 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,limestone}, Minor:{chert}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rogers, A.F. (1930) A unique occurrence of lechatelierite or silica glass. American Journal of Science, 19, 195-202.
Chao, E.C.T. et al. (1960) First natural occurrence of coesite. Science, 132, 220-222.
Chao, E.C.T. et al. (1962) Stishovite, a very high-pressure new mineral from Meteor Crater, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Reseach, 67, 419-421.
Fahey, J.J. (1964) Recovery of coesite and stishovite from Coconino Sandstone of Meteor Crater, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 49, 1643-1647.
Mead, C. et al. (1965) Metallic spheroids from Meteor Crater, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 50, 667-681.
Bohn, E. and W. Stöber (1966) Coesit und Stishovit als isolierte natürliche Mineralien. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 89-96.
Gigl, P.D. and Dachille, F. (1968) Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite. Meteorites, 4, 123-136.
Shoemaker, E.M. and Kieffer, S.W. (1974) Guide to the Astronaut Trail at Meteor Crater, in Shoemaker, E.M., and Kieffer, S.W. (Eds.) Guidebook to the geology of Meteor Crater, Arizona, prepared... for the 37th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, August 7, 1974: Tempe, Arizona State University, Center for Meteorite Studies, Publication No. 17: 34-62 [reprinted 1988].
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 180, 274, 383, 403.

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