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New Cornelia Mine (Ajo Mine), Ajo, Little Ajo Mts, Ajo District, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
New Cornelia Mine (Ajo Mine)Mine
Ajo- not defined -
Little Ajo MtsMountain Range
Ajo DistrictMining District
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 21' 20'' North , 112° 51' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.35556,-112.86500
GeoHash:G#: 9mz8pdnhy
USGS MRDS Record:10027145
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ajo3,304 (2011)1.8km
Why167 (2017)15.3km


A former large-output surface Cu-Ag-Au-Mo-Zn-Ti-Nb-Rb-Gemstones mine located in the SE ¼ sec. 22, SW ¼ sec. 23, NW ¼ sec. 26 & the NE ¼ sec. 27, T. 12S., R.6W., about ½ mile (0.8 km) South of Ajo. Discovered by the Spaniards in 1750. First produced in modern times in 1917. Owned at times, or in part, by the Arizona Copper Mining & Trading Co.; St. Louis Copper Co.; the Rescue Copper Co.; Cornelia Copper Co.; New Cornelia Copper Co. (1912-1916); Calumet & Arizona Copper Co.; and the New Cornelia Division, Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is an elliptical ore body 2,011.63 meters long, 1,206.98 meters wide, 487.68 meters deep, and 304.8 meters thick, with veinlets and disseminations of chalcopyrite, bornite, and minor pyrite, oxidized in the upper part to carbonates, silicates, and minor chalcocite, deposited in fractured and faulted, altered Laramide quartz monzonite and bordering quartz diorite facies, and often in close association with irregular pegmatite zones in the intrusive. Mineralization extends into bordering intruded and altered Cretaceous volcanics. Minor spotty molybdenite and sphalerite. Ore control was the fracturing of the porphyry. Ore concentration was governed by the permeability of rocks to mineralizing fluids; some secondary copper on fractures. Alteration included sericitic, clay, chloritization, kaolinization, silicification with oxidation down to the water table. The host rock unit is the Chico Shuni (Cornelia). An associated rock unit is the Cornelia pluton.

Contact of oxidized and sulfide ore is sharp. There is no leached overburden. Gold is more closely associated with copper sulfides than with pyrite. Units present include quartz monzonite, quartz diorite, granodiorite, Equigranular quartz monzonite, porphyritic quartz monzonite, and porphyritic micro-quartz monzonite.

Local structures include NNW fracture zones and a number of major faults with large displacements.

The working is a huge open pit operation (about 3,000 feet long and nearly 2,000 feet wide) at 750 feet deep. Haulage was by internal railroad installed in the pit. Total production from 1917 through 1972 amounts to some 350,000,000 tons of ore averaging about 0.8% Cu, 0.05 oz. Ag/T and 0.004 oz. Au/T. Higher grade ore was mined in the early years and lower grade ore in more recent years.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


85 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ajoite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Biotite'
'Bisbeeite'
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite ?
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Ferrierite'
Ferrierite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Papagoite (TL)
Formula: CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Type Locality:
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Stilbite subgroup'
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Ajoite (TL)9.EA.70(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite ?9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrierite-Na9.GD.50(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Papagoite (TL)9.CE.05CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Ferrierite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Meta-alunogen29.8.7.1Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite ?58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Papagoite (TL)60.1.4.1CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Ajoite (TL)78.5.1.1(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Bisbeeite'-(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Ferrierite'-
Ferrierite-Na-(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
H Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BrookiteTiO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
O Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Mg Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Mg Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Al PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Al Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Al Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Si PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Si Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S SulphurS8
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
CoCobalt
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
CuCopper
Cu Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Cu CopperCu
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Bisbeeite(Cu,Mg)SiO3·nH2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ypresian - Campanian
47.8 - 83.6 Ma



ID: 2847840
Early Tertiary to Late Cretaceous volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (47.8 - 83.6 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Williamson Canyon Volcanics

Description: Rhyolite to andesite and closely associated sedimentary and near-surface intrusive rocks; commonly dark gray to dark greenish gray or greenish brown. In the ranges west of Tucson, this unit includes thick welded ash-flow tuffs. Volcanic rocks of this unit are inferred to be derived from vents and volcanoes above magma chambers that solidified to form the granitic rocks of map unit TKg. These rocks are restricted to southeastern Arizona except for a small outcrop near Bagdad. (50-82 Ma)

Comments: Related, broadly, to unit TKg Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{rhyolite,dacite,andesite}, Minor:{clastic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Joralemon, I.B. (1914) The Ajo copper district, Arizona. Engineering and Mining Journal, 98, 663.
DeKalb (1918).
Greenway, J.C. (1920) Success after failures, the story of New Cornelia Copper Company as related informally by Col. John C. Greenway. Arizona Mining Journal, 3(8), 17.
Allen, A.W. (1922) Ajo enterprise of the New Cornelia Copper Company [two parts]. Engineering and Mining Journal-Press, [Part 1] 113(22), 952-956; [Part 2] 113(23), 1003-1008.
Richard (1923).
Richard (1925).
Bell, G.A. (1930) Leaching practice and costs at the New Cornelia mines of the Calumet and Arizona Mining Company, Ajo, Arizona. United States Bureau of Mines Information Circular I.C. 6303, 30 p.
Ingham, G.R. and Barr, A.T. (1932) Mining methods and costs at the New Cornelia Branch, Phelps Dodge Corporation, Ajo, Arizona. United States Bureau of Mines Information Circular I.C. 6666, 18 p.
Schwartz, G.M. (1934) Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper. Economic Geology, 29, 55-75.
Gilluly, J. (1937) Geology and ore deposits of the Ajo quadrangle, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 141, 68-75; 79-81.
Gilluly, James (1938) Ajo district. in: Some Arizona ore deposits. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 145, 86-90.
Gilluly, J. (1942) Mineralization of the Ajo copper district, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 27, 222-223.
Gilluly, J. (1942) The mineralization of the Ajo copper district, Arizona. Economic Geology, 37, 297-309.
Gilluly, J. (1946) The Ajo mining district, Arizona. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 209.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947) Minerals of Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 153, 16-17; 19.
Schwartz, G.M. (1947) Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Arizona. Economic Geology, 44, 253-277.
Gilluly, James (1952) Geology of the New Cornelia mine, Ajo, Arizona (abstracted from James Gilluly, in Shride, A.F., McKee, E.D., and Harshbarger, J.W., editors, Guidebook for field trip excursions in southern Arizona.) Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section Meeting, April 10-14, 1952, Tucson, Arizona. Arizona Geological Society, p. 58-61.
Schaller, W.T. and Vlisidis, A.C. (1958) Ajoite, a new hydrous aluminum copper silicate. American Mineralogist, 43, 1107-1111.
Schwartz, G.M. (1958) Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions. Economic Geology, 53, 164-177.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 70, 75, 111.
Hardwick, W.R. (1960) Open-pit copper mining methods at New Cornelia Branch, Phelps Dodge Corp., Pima County, Arizona. U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular I.C. 7938, 83 p.
Hutton, C.O. and Vlisidis, A.C. (1960) Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 45, 599-611.
Sun, M.S. (1961) Differential analysis of shattuckite. American Mineralogist, 46, 67-77.
Newberg, D.W. (1964) X-ray study of shattuckite. American Mineralogist, 49, 1234-1239.
Sinkankas, J. (1964) Mineralogy for Amateurs. D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., Princeton, NJ.
Guillebert, C. and Le Bihan, M.T. (1965) Contributions à l'étude structurale des silicates de cuivre: Structure atomique de la papagoite. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 88, 119-121.
Dixon, D.W. (1966) Geology of the New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Arizona. in Titley, S.R., and Hicks, C.L., editors, Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America. Tucson, University of Arizona Press, p. 123-132.
Mrose, M.E. and Vlisidis, A.C. (1966) Proof of the formula of shattuckite, Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2 (abs.). American Mineralogist, 51, 266-267.
Vlisidis, A.C. and Schaller, W.T. (1967) The formula of shattuckite. American Mineralogist, 52, 782-786.
May, B.T. (1968) Magnetic properties of rocks associated with the New Cornelia porphyry copper deposit, Pima County, Arizona. Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. dissertation, 159 p.
Wadsworth, W.B. (1968) The Cornelia pluton, Ajo, Arizona. Economic Geology, 63(2), 101-115.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974) Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bulletin 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 83 (Table 4).
Wadsworth, W.B. (1974) Cornelia pluton, Arizona; petrogenesis inferred from grain-transition probabilities [abs.]. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 55(4), 485.
Cox, C.J. (1975) unpublished data.
Wadsworth, W.B. (1975) Petrogenetic significance of grain-transition probabilities, Cornelia Pluton, Ajo, Arizona. in Quantitative studies in the geological sciences. Geological Society of America Memoir 142, p. 257-282.
Evans, H.T. and Mrose, M.E. (1977) The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and plancheite. American Mineralogist, 62, 491-502.
Arizona Pay Dirt (1979) Phelps Dodge Announces Pit Expansion that will Carry Ajo Mine Through 1980's. August 1979: 30.
Arizona Pay Dirt (1980) Phelps Dodge is Constructing Moly Plant at Ajo. April 1980: 22.
Arizona Pay Dirt (1981) (Supplement) Ajo, in Phelps Dodge – A Copper Centennial, 1881-1981. Summer, 1981: 64-68, 70-71, 90-91, and 180-181.
World Mining (1981) 1977-1980 production: September 1981: 50.
World Mining (1982) 1981 production: September 1982: 70.
Arizona Pay Dirt (1983) Phelps Dodge Bringing Copper Mine, Mill at Ajo Back On Line. February 1983: front cover & 5A.
Thomas, W.J. and Gibbs, R.B. (1983) Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, Arizona. Mineralogical Record, 14, 283-298.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Anthony, J.W., et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 103, 113, 114, 132, 137, 142, 146, 163, 166, 174, 183, 185, 190, 196, 202, 216, 220, 233, 235, 246, 272, 286, 294, 298, 312, 316, 318, 319-320, 330, 334, 341, 347, 369, 383, 399.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027145, MRDS ID #M002273; and, Dep. ID #10283204, MAS ID #0040190008.


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