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Twin Buttes Mine (Twin Buttes Open Pit Mine), Twin Buttes, Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District), Sierrita Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 53' 35'' North , 111° 2' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.89306,-111.03500
GeoHash:G#: 9t9j3mfy8
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Owned/operated by:Freeport-McMoRan (100%)
Locality type:Mine (Active) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A former large surface Cu-Ag-Mo-Zn-Pb-Au-U-Wollastonite mine located in the SW ¼ sec. 5, and the SE¼ sec. 6, T.18S., R.13E. (Twin Buttes 15 minute topo map), 25 miles S of Tucson at Twin Buttes. Previously owned by The Anaconda Co. & Anamax Mining Co. (1975-1985).

Mineralization is dissemination, fracture filling, and bunchy replacements of copper and molybdenum minerals, with minor lead and zinc, oxidized with erratic enrichment in the upper part, in a folded and faulted complex of Paleozoic limestone, silicated limestone, and impure argillaceous limestone; Cretaceous siltstone, arkose, tuffs, and quartzites, and Laramide intrusive quartz monzonite. Ore control was along contacts of dike-like quartz monzonite porphyry with sedimentary rocks. Ore concentration was the secondary enrichment of sulfides. Alteration includes a 200 foot thick ozide zone, skarn, recrystallization, biotitization, and sericitization. Host rock units include the Angelica Arkose and the Concha Limestone. The ore zone depth to top was 121.92 meters and depth to bottom was 243.84 meters.

Total sulfide content generally corresponds to total copper content. The strongest mineralization is found in silicated, garnetized, chloritized limestone & siltstone. The quartzite is only weakly mineralized. Clastics are mineralized on the S, and better Cu values occur in contact with porphyry to the SE. The porphyry shows only scattered and weak mineralization. The sulfide zone is 600-800 feet below the surface. Wollastonite occurs in skarn.

Local structures include sediments folded and contorted, dipping steeply; several fault systems, stratigraphic unconformities.

Workings are an open pit operation at 1,524 meters long, 1,219.2 meters wide and 243.84 meters deep. Planned size was 9,000 X 6,500 feet and 1,000 feet deep. Production from 1965 through 1972 amounted to some 29 million tons of ore averaging about 0.8% Cu, 0.1 oz. Ag/T, and minor Mo, Pb & Au.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

69 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 101.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 94.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: : 113.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
'Apatite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
'Biotite'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: : 142.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: : 146.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 153.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 158.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 163.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 166; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 20.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 324.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: : 146, 174.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 176.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 196.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 201.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 204.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 205.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 207.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 208.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 215, 272.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 225-226.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 233.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 246.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 266.
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 272.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 286.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 298.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 302.
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Reference:  
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 305.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 307.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 314.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 317.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 326.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 332.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 334.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 341.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 343.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 346; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 20.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 353.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 354.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 359.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 363.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 400.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 368.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 377.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 382.
Stringhamite
Formula: CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 388.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 391.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 393.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 397.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 399.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 402.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 405.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 411.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 414.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385, 424.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 426.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rhodochrosite'5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Ferrimolybdite'7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Plumbojarosite'7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Powellite'7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Descloizite'8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Duftite'8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kinoite'9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
'Laumontite'9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Montmorillonite'9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nontronite'9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Palygorskite'9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Rhodonite'9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Stringhamite9.AE.35CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Stringhamite78.1.9.1CaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CupriteCu2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ref.: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 20.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 94.
Paydirt (1970), May 27, 1970.
World Mining (1971 & 1972).
Paydirt (1972), Aug 28, 1972.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 138 (Table 4).
Sutulov, Alexander (1974) Copper Porphyries, University of Utah Printing Services (mill).
Kelly, J.L. (1976) Geology of the Twin Buttes copper deposit, Pima County, Arizona [abs.]: Economic Geology: 71(3): 701.
Lorraine (1976) U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 8702.
World Mining (1976): 11/76: 77.
Brooke, James N. (1977) Uranium Recovery from Copper Leaching Operations. Mining Congress Journal: 8/77: 38-41.
Hopkins, W.R. and A.J. Lynch (1977) ANAMAX Oxide Plant: A New U.S. Dimension. Engineering & Mining Journal: 2/77: 56.
Kelly, J.L. (1977) Geology of the Twin Buttes copper deposit, Pima County, Arizona: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Society of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 262: 110-116.
Pay Dirt (1977), (Drying concentrate, exploration): 4/25/77: 57.
Skillings Mining Review (1977) ANAMAX Mining Co.’s Copper Operations at Twin Buttes Mine (Oxide Plant, Mining Equipment, Exploration): 6/4/77: 12-16.
World Mining (1977) (Reserves, Mining Rate, Recovery, Production Stats): 5/77: 96-99.
Barter, C.F. (1978) Stratigraphy, alteration, and ore controls in the main ore zone, Twin Buttes mine, Pima County, Arizona [abs.], in Jenney, J.P., and Hauck, H.R., eds., Proceedings of the Porphyry Copper Symposium, Tucson, Ariz., March 18-20, 1976: Arizona Geological Society Digest: 11: 115-116.
Skillings Mining Review (1980): 5/24/1980: 7.
Barter, C.F., and Kelly, J.L. (1982) Geology of the Twin Buttes mineral deposit, Pima mining district, Pima County, Arizona, in Titley, S.R., ed., Advances in geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America: Tucson, University of Arizona Press, p. 407-432.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 55.
Peirce, H. Wesley (1990), Arizona Geological Survey Industrial Minerals card file.
Mining Magazine (1991) Moly and More from Sierrita: July, 1991.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 13 (Table 1).
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): Porphyry Copper Deposits of the World: Database, Map, and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 05-1060.
Skillings Mining Review, Vol. 59(36).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 101, 111, 113, 117, 142, 146, 152, 153, 158, 163, 166, 174, 176, 196, 201, 204, 205, 207, 208, 215, 225-226, 233, 240, 246, 262, 266, 268, 272, 286, 298, 302, 305, 307, 314, 319, 324, 326, 332, 334, 341, 343, 346, 353, 354, 359, 363, 368, 377, 382, 385, 388, 391, 393, 397, 399, 400, 402, 405, 409, 411, 414, 424, 426.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103756, MRDS ID #M050530; and, Dep. ID #10234825, MAS ID #0040190005.

Localities in this Region
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USA
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
          • Twin Buttes
            • Twin Buttes Mine (Twin Buttes Open Pit Mine)

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