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Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining District, Patagonia Mining District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 22' 15'' North , 110° 41' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


A Zn-Pb-Cu-Ag-Au (W) mining area located in sec. 34, T23S, R16E, and secs. 2 & 3, T24S, R16E (protracted), in the western part of the district, about 3 miles south of Mowry and the same distance north of the Mexican boundary. This group is situated on the lower eastern slope of the Patagonia Mountains at an elevation of about 5,500 feet. The two camps (Washington & Duquesne) are ¾ mile apart. A large group of mines comprising 80 claims, of which 42 are patented, and covers 1,600 acres of mining ground. It extends beyond Washington on the north and to points about a mile west and southwest of Duquesne on the south. Owned chiefly by the Duquesne Mining & Reduction Co. of Pittsburgh, PA, with local headquarters at Duquesne, and the reduction plant at Washington.

Duquesne was a thriving mining camp town at one point, it is now a ghost town. The mines were in and around the town that depended on the mining for its existence. The town had a schoolhouse, bar/brothel and residences. The town has recently sold and the new owners are busy restoring the buildings, and would like to make it clear that the land including all tailing dumps are strictly off-limits and trespassers are not welcome.

The surface in general slopes gently eastward. The topography is hilly and in the western part mountainous but in few places rough.

The country rock, locally called 'quartzite and limestone,' consists mainly of limestone with a small amount of quartzite and other sediments occupying a north-south belt 2½ miles long and, between the two camps, about 1¼ miles wide. This belt is almost surrounded by igneous rocks, being bounded on the north-west, west, and south by quartz monzonite, locally vcalled 'granite,' and on the east principally by granite porphyry. Both of these latter rocks also occur as detached masses and dikes in the belt and are seemingly intrusive into the sedimentary formations. Both the quartz monzonite and the sedimentary rocks are cut by dikes of aplitic granite, and also by diorite (?) dikes.

The rocks in general have been much disturbed and apparently overturned but seem to be conformable. They dip steeply to the west, mostly at angles of 60º or more, but locally the dip varies greatly in direction and amount. The older members - the quartzite, some of which is micaceous, and the more altered limestone - occupy the upper position in the section next to the quartz monzonite on the west. The limestone is medium to heavy bedded or massive. In the western part of the camp it lies in crude north-south bands or zones of relatively pure rock, alternating with rock that is impure, metamorphiosed, silicated, or cherty. In places it contains some interbedded quartzite. The limestone is contact metamorphosed to white and bluish or greenish crystalline marble, much of which is coarse-grained. In places the rock is otherwise altered and silicated.

At intervals, mainly along the contact with the igneous rocks, particularly the quartz monzonite, and to a less extent as inliers in the sedimentary area, roughly paralleling the bedding of the limestone, occur extensive and well-developed garnet zones from 10 to 100 feet or more wide, containing the usual assemblage of other contact-metamorphic minerals. NOTE: The ground in the area literally sparkles everywhere along the roads from the garnet crystal faces reflecting the sunlight.

A body of the limestone which has escaped the metamorphic effects of the intrusive granite porphyry within a few hundred feet of the contact, at a point about ¼ mile north of Duquesne, is dark bluish, compact, and indistinctly stratified and contains seams or veinlets of calcite approximately parallel with the bedding. This rock is lithologically identical with the dark Pennsylvanian limestone of Sycamore Ridge, in the crest of the Santa Rita Mountains east of Helvetia, and at the Total Wreck Mine, in the Empire Mountains. It is also seemingly similar to the Martin limestone (Devonian), at Bisbee.

The most extensive exposure of the quartzite is along the western edge of the sedimentary belt, where it intervenes between the limestone and the quartz monzonite and probably forms the basal member of the sedimentary series. These sedimentary rocks are at least several hundred feet in thickness.

The quartz monzonite is a greenish-gray, black-speckled granitoid rock with a reddish tinge and weathers reddish-brown. It is medium- to coarse-grained and locally porphyritic. It is fairly fresh and is composed principally of oligoclase, oligoclase-andesine, quartz, orthoclase, biotite, hornblende, augite, and magnetite and contains considerable pyrite and some titanite. The plagioclase, which is the main constituent of the rock is especially fresh. It occurs mostly in stout or elongated prisms, some 0.3 inches long, and it is well-striated, the striations being conspicuous to the unaided eye on fresh surfaces. The general coarseness of the quartz monzonite indicates that it was probably intruded into the sedimentary rocks at considerable depth.

Aplitic granite occurs as dikes, some of which are associated with the ore deposits. It is a relatively fresh, dull-gray, fine- or medium-grained monzonitic rock, composed mainly of orthoclase and quartz with a moderate amount of oligoclase, a little biotite and hornblende, accessory apatite and zircon, and secondary hematite.

Mineralization is tabular to lensing, massive to spotty, pyrometasomatic and replacement deposits of varying amounts of sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite and pyrite at the margins of skarn zones or along fault zones in faulted and folded Permian Naco Group limestones with intrusions of Laramide granodiorite. Oxidized to various depths. Skarn is largely garnet with other calcium silicates. Minor tungsten is found in the skarn zones.

The metamorphic minerals occuring in the contact zones of the limestone consist mainly of garnet, quartz, and several varieties each of the amphibole and pyroxene groups, sulphides, magnetite, tourmaline and arsenic.

The quartz occurs mostly in irregular masses locally developed in association with the andradite along the contact zone and in the impure cherty zones or metamorphic bands in the sedimentary rocks. Here and there it repalces chert and the earlier metamorphic minerals, such as calcite and actinolite, whose crystalline forms are preserved in masses of relatively pure pseudomorphic silica. On the Belmont and Lead King ground, in the southwestern part of the camp, occurs a body of mainly massive, vitreous quartz, 100 feet (30 meters) wide, containing bunches or clusters of coarsely crystalline material with some crystals 2 feet (60 cm) long and 5 inches (12.5 cm).

The amphibole minerals are principally hornblende, tremolite, actinolite, and gedrite, Of these, tremolite is the most abundant and is intimately associated with many of the ore deposits as gangue.

The deposits, broadly speaking, are principally replacement deposits in the limestone. They occur mainly in or near the metamorphic zones along the limestone and quartz monzonite contact and are also associated with the north-south metamorphic zones in the limestone and other sediments away from the contact. The latter zones are probably connected with the quartz monzonite in depth if not at the surface.

The deposits occur mostly in irregular bodies in or near the garnet formation of the zones and the adjoining limestone.

Workings include extensive shaft, tunnel, and open cut operations but generally shallow (to not over 300 to 500 feet in depth). High-grade Pb-Ag oxidized ore was prospected and mined out by Spaniards, Mexicans, and early Americans prior to 1880. Sporadic large scale mining in the 1900's through 1966. Production would be some 350,000 tons of ore averaging about 6% Zn, 3% Pb, 3% Cu, 6 oz. Ag/T and minor gold.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

69 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037100, MRDS ID #M030398.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Colour: Reddish-brown
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals between adularia crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109, 148.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: Dodecahedral, some to nearly 5 cm diameter; rhombohedral faces striated
Colour: Dark reddish and brownish-green or dark greenish-brown
Description: Adamantine luster; much coated on crystal faces a bright metallic black with Mn & Fe oxides. Large, relatively pure, crystalline masses of medium grain.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Description: An accessory mineral in aplitic granite dikes.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: Occurs in contact zones of metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: In contact-metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 120.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: In metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 122; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities:
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals between adularia crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109, 148.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities:
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 161; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 329.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Description: Occurs in oligoclase-rutile rock rich in molybdenite; replaces former dark silicates in the mafic igneous rock hosting the ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 347.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 174; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 329.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Some native copper found near the surface.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; ; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Occurs coating pyrite and chalcopyrite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 347.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Occurs locally with the garnet in the contact zone of the metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 329.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 344.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: In limestone in contact metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 240.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Description: A secondary mineral in aplitic granite dikes.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 246; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328..
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Self-collected: C.Lemanski, E. Stuart, R. Deblois, S. Misiur
'Hornblende'
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: In several contact metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 258; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
'K Feldspar var: Valencianite'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities:
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs in contact zones of metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Magnetite var: Lodestone
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs in considerable quantities.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 284; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 39.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cupriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Moore, R.T. (1953), Minerals and Metals of Increasing Interest, Rare and Radioactive Minerals, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 163: 13.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: Occurs in contact zones in Paleozoic limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 346; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: Japan-law twins; some crystals 2 feet (60 cm) long and 5 inches (12.5 cm)
Colour: Colorless, cloudy, milky
Description: Crystals common, including Japan-law twins.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 152; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.; See photo #314280, personally collected by Stan Esbenshade, 2005
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs in pegmatite in large crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 347; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: As micro-crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 359.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Abundant in contact metamorphic deposits, as aggregates associated with galena in the partly silicated limestone just west of Washington on the Nogales Road.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 401; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: Drusy.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 347.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Sporadic.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 340.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Description: Occurs on adularia.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals on quartz.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 338.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: In limestone in contact metamorphic deposits as the most abundant amphibole, intimately assovciaed with the ore deposits as gangue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 402; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Colour: Lime-green
Description: Crystal fragments.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 414; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3:53-56.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Description: In contact-metamorphic limestones, principally in association with the cherty portion of the limestone, especially the chert nodules.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 424; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328-329.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals between adularia crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 109, 148.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 430; Wilson, E.D. & G.H. Roseveare (1949), Arizona nonmetallics: a summary of past production and present operations (2nd. ed.), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 155; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 105.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: An accessory mineral in aplitic granite dikes.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cupriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Lodestone4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var: Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var: Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Lodestone
-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Cupriferous Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Magnetite (var: Lodestone)Fe2+Fe23+O4
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S CovelliteCuS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
MnManganese
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Magnetite (var: Lodestone)Fe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
NiNickel
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona, A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 43.
Crosby, W.O. (1906) The limestone-granite contact deposits of Washington Camp, Arizona: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions, v. 36, p.
626-646.
Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 321-348.
Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12:237-269.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 84.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 76 (Table 4).
Lehman, N.E. (1975) Geology and pyrometasomatic mineralization in the Washington Camp-Duquesne District, Santa Cruz County, Arizona [abs.], in Seager, W.R., Clemons, R.E., and Callender, J.F., eds., Guidebook of the Las Cruces Country: New Mexico Geological Society 26th Field Conference Guidebook, p. 341.
Lehman, Norman E. (1978) The Geology and Pyrometasomatic Ore Deposits of the Washington Camp-Duquesne District, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. PhD dissertation, University of Arizona: 126-143.
Lehman, Norman E. (1991) Geologic map and cross sections of the Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Contributed Map CM-91-A, 3 sheets, scale 1:4,800.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 120, 122, 126, 152, 161, 174, 240, 246, 258, 341, 346, 347, 359, 383, 390, 401, 402, 424.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

Localities in this Region


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