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Bonanza Mine (Harquahala Mine), Bonanza and Golden Eagle Mine group, Martin Peak, Salome, Little Harquahala Mining District, Little Harquahala Mts, La Paz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Bonanza Mine (Harquahala Mine)Mine
Bonanza and Golden Eagle Mine group- not defined -
Martin PeakPeak
Salome- not defined -
Little Harquahala Mining DistrictMining District
Little Harquahala MtsMountain Range
La Paz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 40' 3'' North , 113° 35' 24'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Salome1,530 (2011)12.8km
Vicksburg597 (2011)17.3km
Wenden728 (2011)17.8km
Brenda676 (2011)32.8km
Utting126 (2011)33.4km


A small former underground Au-Ag-Pb-Cu mine located on 6 claims in the NE¼ sec. 22 and the NW¼ sec. 27, T4N, R13W, on the NW base of Martin Peak, about 9 road miles from Salome, in the SW Harquahala Mountains, at about 1,800 feet of altitude, on BLM-administered land. Started in 1888; reopened 1906. Sold to Hubbard & Bowers after discovery. They formed the Bonanza Mining Co. Owned afterward by the Harquahala Gold Mining Co., Ltd. (1893 - to end of 1897); Mr. A.G. Hubbard (1899); the Harqua Hala Mining Co. (1906-1908); the Yuma Warrior Mining Co. (1913-1916); and by the Bonanza and Golden Eagle Mining Co. Operated by Peter Kiewit Inc. (1986). Previous operators include the Harquahala Operating Co.; Mr. David Obenstine; Mr. C. Pickenbach; Mr. Jack Givens; Mr. M.M. Carpenter; Mr. H.E. Hickson; Mr. J.B. Martin; International Mining; C.C. Canfield; H.C. Reedall; Hubbard and Bowers; G.R. Miller (1941); Ray MacDonald (1937); Golden Eagle; John Jones, R.H. White (1924); and, John Martin (1914).

Mineralization is a vein deposit that occurs within a zone of faulting that strikes N-S, dips 45E, and extends through the limestone, shale & quartzite into the basal granite. Rich, pockety shoots of gold with minor silver in a gangue of iron oxides, shattered quartz, calcite, and gypsum in an oxidized zone, in shear zones; at depth, gold values mainly in auriferous pyrite with some copper and lead sulfide mineralization, in fracture veins. The veins are often flat-dipping with larger and richer deposits in the shattered quartzite. The two main ore shoots represent a continuous shear zone on the east, striking approximately N-S and dips about 45ºW. and is joined by a lesser fault from the west, with a parallel strike and a dip of 45ºE. Oreshoots mined in the "Castle Garden" stope occurred within these 2 shear zones and ranged from a few inches to many feet. The ore shoot on the west was more productive. Gangue consists of red hematite, with quartz, calcite, brecciated country rock and a little gypsum. The granite, which appears on the 6th. & 7th. levels, shows intense sericitization. Ore control is mineralization associated with microdiorite dikes in the area.

Overthrust faulting in the district placed Precambrian metamorphic rocks over Paleozoic-Mesozoic sediments.

Workings include an inclined shaft and many hundreds of feet of drifts on 7 levels, to a depth of 182.88 meters. Workings involve the Bonanza shaft: 600 feet deep with levels at 110, 200 and 500 feet; other workings include the Mollina shaft (110 feet); the Roy shaft (65 feet deep with a 70 foot crosscut); the Roy shaft No. 2 (50 feet deep); the New Deal Claim shaft (100 feet deep); the Summit shaft (100 feet deep); the Roy tunnel (300 feet long); the Summit Lower tunnel (175 feet long); and, the Summit Upper tunnel (125 feet long). During the 1984-1986 period, Peter Kiewit Inc. performed a geologic evaluation and surface drilling project here.

Discovered in 1888 and worked intermittently on a large scale to 1918. Subsequently on a small scale, largely by reworking dumps and tailings, to 1964. Total production data includes production for the Golden Eagle Mine group.

Production was $1,600,000 in Au bullion in 3 years (1891-1894)(period values)(includes the Golden Eagle Mine). 158,761 tons of ore averaging about 0.85 oz Au/ton, 0.53 oz Ag/ton, and minor Pb and Cu.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 137: 128-129.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: As a bed several feet thick.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 51.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 228; Bancroft, H. (1911), Reconnaissance of the ore deposits in northern Yuma Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 451; Wilson, E.D. (1933), Geology and mineral deposits of southern Yuma Co., AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 134; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951); Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 18.
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: Lode gold; large masses intimately associated with quartz in places.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: Red.
Description: Crystalline, on cherty rock.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 205.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 137: 128-129.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 137: 128-129.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Ron Gyllenhammer Collection
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6814CL).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 137: 128-129.
Pyrite var: Auriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 151 (Table 4).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Auriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Auriferous Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Pyrite (var: Auriferous Pyrite)FeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Pyrite (var: Auriferous Pyrite)FeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bancroft, H. (1911), Reconnaissance of the ore deposits in northern Yuma County, Arizona, USGS Bull. 451: 105.
Wilson, E.D. (1933), Geology and mineral deposits of southern Yuma County, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 134.
Wilson, E.D., Cunningham, J.B., and Butler, G.M. (1934), Arizona Lode Gold Mines and Gold Mining (revised 1967), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 137: 128-129.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158:
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 18.
Dale, V.B. (1959) Tungsten Deposits of Yuma, Maricopa, Pinal, and Graham Counties, Arizona. U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5516: 6-7.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 51.
Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma County, Arizona: 152 (Table 4).
Niemuth, N.J. (1987), Arizona Mineral Development 1984-1986, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 29, 46 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 205, 228, 336.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology production file data.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10102530, MRDS ID #M003633; and, Dep. ID #10161694, MAS ID #0040120107.

USGS MRDS Record:10102530
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