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Kansas Mine (Poole group; Venados Mine), Washington Gulch, Nash Mines group (Duquesne-Washington group), Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining District, Patagonia Mining District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Kansas Mine (Poole group; Venados Mine)Mine
Washington GulchGulch
Nash Mines group (Duquesne-Washington group)- not defined -
Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 23' 13'' North , 110° 41' 48'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kino Springs136 (2011)11.1km
Francisco Miguel Cárdenas Valdez (Mascareñas)541 (2014)15.5km
Beyerville177 (2011)17.2km
Patagonia890 (2017)17.9km
Santa Cruz1,038 (2018)19.5km



A former underground Zn-Pb-Cu-Ag-Au-Bi-Sb-As mine located in the N½ center of sec. 34, T24S, R16E (protracted), in the northwest corner of the camp, adjoins the New York Mine on the NW and parallels it, extending from Washington Gulch northeastward across the ridge and the Nogales Road, at an elevation of about 5,700 feet, on National Forest land. Owned at times, or in part, by the Allen Brothers; Pride of the West Mining Co. (circa 1905-1906); the Duquesne Mining & Reduction Co. (1906-circa 1915); Panick; Everett; Bostwick; Kansas Mining & Development Co.; Curtis Estate; Callahan Zinc Lead Co.; Nash Mines; and Mar-Pak Corp.

Mineralization is large, vein-like replacement deposits and bunches and pockets of sulfides in pyrometasomatized Permian Naco Group limestone, oxidized near the surface to limonite, other secondary minerals including lead and copper sulfates, with enrichment in silver. Mineralization is associated with a strong fault zone along the contact with Jurassic-Triassic volcanics. Strong pyrite gossan.

The deposit is contained in a 10 foot wide garnetiferous zone in crystalline limestone. It lies 700 feet from the contact of the limestones with the intrusive quartz monzonite on the NW, the intervening sediments being mostly unaltered, and it is about 200 feet from the limestone and quartzite contact. According to Crosby (A.I.M.E. Transactions: 36: 643, 1906) the main orebody is veinlike in form without walls, and clearly a replacement in the limestone, with many isolated bunches or pockets of ore from 3 inches (7.5 cm) to 3 feet (90 cm) or more in diameter, and usually parallel to the main orebody and the bedding of the limestone.

Mineral deposits of the Washington-Duquesne area occupy a limestone-sediment belt (2.5 miles long by 1.25 miles wide) surrounded by igneous rocks which also form detached masses and dikes within the belt.

Workings include a 200 foot inclined shaft and several hundred feet of drifts and stopes. Mined sporadically from the late 1870's through 1959. Produced more than 40,000 tons of ore averaging about 6% Zn, 4% Pb, 3% Cu, 4 oz. Ag/T and minor Au.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 342.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Van King
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 342-343.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4).
Arizona Bureau of Mines card file Santa Cruz County.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10210628, MRDS ID #D002923, MAS ID #0040230248.

USGS MRDS Record:10210628
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