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Tyndall District, Santa Rita Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Tyndall DistrictMining District
Santa Rita MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° North , 110° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~19km
Locality type:Mining District
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A Pb-Ag-Zn-Cu-Au mining area located in T21-23S, R14-15E, on the western slope of the southern part of the Santa Rita Mountains, south of the high peaks of the range, and about 65 miles south from Tucson. This is the largest and one of the most highly mineralized districts of the area. It joins the Old Baldy District on the south and west and is almost wholly in Santa Cruz County. It extends from Madera Canyon, near White House, and the county line on the north, southward to Sonoita Creek, a distance of 18 miles, and from the crest of the range on the east to the foot of the mountains and Grosvenor Hills, 6 miles distant on the west. The district contains about 110 square miles. A small part of it south of the Salero Camp is still spoken of as the Aztec District and includes the old Aztec Mine and some of the surrounding country.

The topography is varied and generally rough. The surface in the northern part of the district rises to Mount Hopkins, 8,072 feet, and Old Baldy, 9,432 feet in elevation. On the west the northern part of the border declines to 3,500 feet and the southern part to 4,000 feet. In the southwestern part of the district the general regularity in the slopes is interrupted by an irregular benchlike mass of hills, the Grosvenor Hills, averaging about 5,000 feet in elevation.

The district is occupied principally by a north-south belt of quartz diorite and quartz monzonite several miles wide on the east, bordered by granite on the north and overlian and flanked by the tertiary volcanic rocks, chiefly andesite, rhyolite, and quartz latite porphyry, on the west. In the northwestern part of the district, in the Montosa-Caliente region, there is a relatively small belt of the underlying Paleozoic shales and limestones.

Mineral deposits were first discovered in the district in the later part of the seventeenth century by the Jesuit missionaries, who worked the Salero, Montosa, and other mines. American activities began in the middle and late 1850's.

The mining properties lie mostly on or near the main drainage courses, which deeply score the district traversely and issue westward into the Santa Cruz Valley. These courses, beginning on the north, are Chino, Agua Caliente, Cottonwood, and Josephine canyons and Squaw Gulch.

The deposits, broadly described, consist of two main classes - argentiferous lead ores, which occur principally in fissure veins with a siliceous quartz-barite gangue in igneous rocks, and copper-silver ores, which occur similarly in fissure veins in igneous rocks and also as contact-metamorphic and replacement deposits, principally in the limestone.

Mineralization is varied: (1) Irrgular and lensing quartz fissure veins containing spotty argentiferous lead, zinc, and copper minerals and some barite. Generally shallow oxidation with supergene enrichment. Wall rocks are Cretaceous rhyodacite volcanics with interbedded arkose or Jurassic granite.; and (2) Replacement deposits of argentiferous lead and zinc minerals with minor copper in strongly faulted blocks of Paleozoic limestone. Deep solution and oxidation produced supergene enrichment in silver, and lead and zinc carbonates.

Workings include numerous scattered mines and prospects, some worked from the time of the Jesuits to recent times. The total estimated and reported production would be some 56,000 tons of ore containing about 9,400 tons of Pb, 2,800 tons of Zn, 520 tons of Cu, 480,000 oz. of silver, and 1,260 oz. of Au.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

69 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039602, MRDS ID #M050441.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: Occurs in arkosic sandstone with kasolite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124, 408; Robinson, R.L. (1954), Duranium claims Santa Cruz Co., AZ, US Atomic Energy Comm. Preliminary Recon. Rept. A-P-285.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 168.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: As botryoidal crusts and pseudomorphs after wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 189; Min.Rec.: 14: 299-306.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Description: Occurs pseudomorphous after wulfenite with calcite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Description: Secondary mineral in quartz diorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 210; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Goethite ?
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: Placer gold.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 236; Wilson, E.D. (1927), Arizona gold placers, 2nd. Edition (revised), Univ. AZ Bull. 124: 56; AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 135 (1933), Arizona gold placers and placering: 78.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: In metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Description: Occurs as a constituent of fine-grained, brownish manganese oxides.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: J.D. Mizer, collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: Thin, tabular, striated crystals
Colour: clear
Description: Self collected in quartz on dumps of the Glove Mine.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Hornblende'
Description: Phenocrysts to ¾ inch long in diorite adjacent to the fault.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 183.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Description: Occurs disseminated in arkosic sandstone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124, 266, 408; Robinson, R.L. (1954), Duranium claims Santa Cruz Co., AZ, US Atomic Energy Comm. Preliminary Recon. Rept. A-P-285; Shawe, D.R. (1966), AZ-NM and NV-UT beryllium belts, USGS PP 550-C: 206-213.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 289; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 290; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 84 (Table 4); US Atomic Energy Commission Prelim. Reconnaisance Report A-P-359 (1955); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs replacing and forming incrustations on wulfenite.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: Amber-brown, yellowish-brown
Description: Occurs in a 6 inch (15 cm) vein in andesite and rhyolite.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 361.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Stalactitic and stalagmitic forms on the joint and sheeting planes of the rock.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 361.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Colour: Reddish
Description: A prominent component of a red granitic country rock.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 217.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Description: Occurs as crystals on wulfenite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 32.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333, 335, 385; Engineering & Mining Jour. (1912), The mining news: 97: 395.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 343; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 87 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 203; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 51; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 197; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 206.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 357; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 401.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smithsonite var: Dry Bone Ore
Formula: ZnCO3
Colour: Gray
Description: Abundant as incrustations in intermediate zone of the replacement orebodies in limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 374-375, 411; Olson, H.J. (1966), Oxidation of a sulfide body, Glove mine, Santa Cruz Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 61: 731-743.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333, 335, 385; Engineering & Mining Jour. (1912), The mining news: 97: 395.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 207.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: In metamorphosed limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 403.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124, 408; Robinson, R.L. (1954), Duranium claims Santa Cruz Co., AZ, US Atomic Energy Comm. Preliminary Recon. Rept. A-P-285.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
'Wad'
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Habit: hexagonal prisms and equant grains
Colour: water clear
Description: Excellent micro crystals with wulfenite (also micro)
Reference: Collection of Tom Trebisky, verified with Raman.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite ?4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var: Dry Bone Ore5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite ?6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Smithsonite
var: Dry Bone Ore
-ZnCO3
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Smithsonite (var: Dry Bone Ore)ZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Smithsonite (var: Dry Bone Ore)ZnCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O UraniniteUO2
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O PlattneritePbO2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CupriteCu2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TenoriteCuO
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Smithsonite (var: Dry Bone Ore)ZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Br BromargyriteAgBr
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 43-44.
Schrader, F.C. & Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 180-182.
Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269.
Drewes, H.D. (1971) Mesozoic stratigraphy of the Santa Rita Mountains, southeast of Tucson, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-C, 81 p.
Drewes, H.D. (1971) Geologic map of the Mount Wrightson quadrangle, southeast of Tucson, Santa Cruz and Pima Counties, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-614, 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Drewes, H.D. (1972) Cenozoic rocks of the Santa Rita Mountains, southeast of Tucson, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 746, 66 p.
Drewes, H.D. (1972) Structural geology of the Santa Rita Mountains, southeast of Tucson, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 748, 35 p., scale 1:12,000, 4 sheets.
Drewes (1972c).
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 83 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 126, 129, 210, 287, 290, 401.

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