Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Nemrut Volcano, Ahlat District, Bitlis Province, Turkeyi
Regional Level Types
Nemrut VolcanoVolcano
Ahlat DistrictDistrict
Bitlis ProvinceProvince
TurkeyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 38' North , 42° 14' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
1.18 ± 0.23 to 0.02 Ma
Geologic Time:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tatvan73,222 (2015)16.3km
Güroymak25,826 (2015)20.0km
Ahlat64,695 (2015)25.0km
Bitlis46,111 (2015)28.0km
Mutki5,510 (2015)37.1km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Nemrut Dag; Nimrud


Stratovolcano rises to 2935m, covers c. 486km² and contains a caldera 8.3 x 7km in extent with walls nearly 700m high (Yilmaz et al. 1998). The most recent recorded activity was in 1692 (Aydar et al. 2003).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.; Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Ferro-winchite'
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.; Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-winchite'9.DE.20 ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-winchite'- ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O QuartzSiO2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 264 ± 6 Ma to 0.0286 ± 0.003 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
ⓘ Feldspar Group (youngest age)0.0286 ± 0.003 Ma
ⓘ Feldspar Group (oldest age)0.3926 ± 0.0051 Ma
    
   
  Neogene
   Miocene
ⓘ Rhyolite (youngest age)8 ± 3 Ma
ⓘ Peralkaline trachyte (youngest age)8 ± 3 Ma
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Rhyolite (oldest age)264 ± 6 Ma
ⓘ Peralkaline trachyte (oldest age)264 ± 6 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pearce, J.A., Bender, J.F., De Long, S.E., Kidd, W.S.F., Low, P.J., Güner, Y., Saroglu, F., Yilmaz, Y., Moorbath, S., Mitchell, J.G. (1990) Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229.
Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., Şaroğlu, F. (1998) Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., Bayhan, H., Kurttas, T., Tolluoglu, A.U. (2003) Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312.
Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A.Ü., Güleç, N. (2006) Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211.
Çubukçu, H.E., Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A. (2007) Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129.
Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., Çubukçu, E. (2008) Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283.
Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H.E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., Gourgaud, A. (2012) Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39.
Çubukçu, H.E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., Gourgaud, A., Guillou, H. (2012) Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60.
Sumita, M., Schmincke, H.U. (2013) Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of Volcanology, 75(5), 714.
Sumita, M., Schmincke, H.U. (2013) Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34.
Woolley, A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society, 562 pages, at p.226.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Turkey

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 9, 2020 02:34:46 Page generated: March 26, 2020 04:26:48
Go to top of page