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Boron, Kramer District (Kramer Borate District), Kern Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Boron- not defined -
Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)Mining District
Kern Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 59' 57'' North , 117° 38' 56'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.99944,-117.64889
GeoHash:G#: 9qhr4g6ww
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Boron2,253 (2011)0.1km
North Edwards1,058 (2011)16.9km
Edwards Air Force Base2,063 (2013)27.7km
California City13,277 (2017)33.7km
Silver Lakes5,623 (2017)39.8km


Boron is a small town in the Kramer district about midway between the larger towns of Mojave to the West and Barstow in the east. Many of the workers in the big U.S. Borax open pit mine a little north of town live here. For many years borax and Kernite were mined from underground workings and at the time the open pit mine was started ~1958, it was the largest underground working in California with more than 200 miles of tunnels. Few specimens were produced from the underground workings compared to what has been produced from the open pit operation. The majority of the specimens are specimens of Colemanite crystals that were encountered just after the overburden of alluvial material had been removed from the top of the deposit and the altered cap of the borate ore body was exposed. This altered cap consisted mostly of Colemanite and Ulexite and was often quite full of crystals pockets. Other minerals like Kurnakovite, Inderite, Tunellite, and Hydroboracite were also encountered. For several years, collectors were allowed to collect freely on the dumps and during this time thousands of specimens of various borate minerals were collected. Now the mine and its dumps are off limits to collectors except on rare carefully controlled occasions, usually for the little annual Boron gem and mineral show. The mine, its extensive dumps and its borate processing and production facility are continuously patrolled by security guards. Over the years there have been a few rather extensive labor disputes and this in addition to the litigious nature of American society have added to the security concerns of the company. There is however a very nice visitors center that the mine has built that overlooks the big open pit operation and an interesting video presentation is available for viewing in their small auditorium along with other historical exhibits that include one of the original 20 mule team wagon trains. Usually, there is a pile of borate minerals that is periodically dumped in the parking lot of the visitors center where visitors can load up on high-grade Kernite and sometimes low-grade specimens of Ulexite and Colemanite.
[Rock Currier 2010]

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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

85 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs as subhedral to anhedral grains in the tuff beds bordering the main sodium borate beds.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
'Apatite'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
'Apatite var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Description: Constituent of phosphatic material of fossil bones.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 315.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Comprises fossil shells in shales underlying the borate deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215.
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Description: Comprises fossil shells in shales underlying the borate deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Colour: Blackish to silvery
Description: Occurs sparingly as small rounded grains or subhedral crystals on fibrous ulexite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 146; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: [MinRec 2:37]
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Colour: Colourless to whitish
Description: Occurs as minute grains and octahedral crystals.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 147; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 186.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: Bluish; pink (microscopic spikes)
Description: Occurs as tabular crystals to 3 mm long and microscopic spikes on colemanite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 292.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Description: Rounded grains.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
'Biotite'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: AmMin 56:1057
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs with opal as fracture coatings in sandy clay of the Ricardo Formation.
Reference: Walker, G.W., Lovering, T.G., and Stephens, H.G. (1956), Radioactive Deposits in California: Special Report 49 of the California Division of Mines & Geology: 19; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 326.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities:
Description: Found in the Saddleback basalt that lies under the deposit. Found in vugs as free standing micro crystals.
Reference: Rock Currier collection
'Chlorite Group'
'Clays'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Clinoptilolite'
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs as silky, curling, fibrous crystals.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266.
'Erionite'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Garrelsite
Formula: Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Gerstleyite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist 41 (1956), 839-843
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Localities:
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Gypsum var: Satin Spar Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs poorly developed in the open pit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs as scaly masses and incrustations in clay surrounding the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Occurs as efflorescences.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 191.
Hectorite
Formula: Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Material has a high Li content.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 439.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Occurs in claystone and in basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 161.
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Colour: Black to reddish brown
Description: Occurs as a thin glassy coating on joint-crack surfaces of basalt.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152, 165, 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 438; Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (Sept 1969).
'Hornblende'
Colour: Greenish
Description: Basaltic; elongate crystals in ulexite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 401.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Description: Occurs as crystals to 1.5 mm in vesicles of basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 385.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Colour: Blackish
Description: Occurs as grains in the siltstone bed.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 171.
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Description: Occurs as remnants of euhedral and subhedral grains being replaced by borax in borax crystals and massive borates.
Reference: Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 137, 267-268; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Kurnakovite has been found at Boron in free standing crystals in excess of 30 cm and in clusters more than 60 cm across. It is typically found associated with the gray green mud found at the deposit and dense fibrous balls of white ulexite. Rarely it is found associated with prismatic crystals of inderite. The crystals are typically white and transparent with inclusions of the gray/green mud of the deposit. Several different crystal habits have been noted. The crystals were found only once during a short period early in the development of the large open pit mine at Boron. In the polluted air of Los Angeles, kurnakovite crystals develop a white patina that can be washed off with water. Kurnakovite is quite heat sensitive, especially the larger crystals and the temperature of the kurnakovite and the water should be allowed to equilibrate before washing the specimen.
Reference: Rock Currier collection
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Colour: Reddish brown
Description: Occurs as a powdery alteration of hypersthene in basalt float in the overburden of the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 165-166; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 162.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mazzite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Acicular
Colour: White
Reference: American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World: 64.
'Melnikovite'
Description: Occurs as micro-particles of highly magnetic material disseminated throughout the clay-shale portion of the deposit. Occurs in nodules of kurnakovite and colemanite above the main orebody.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 71;
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs as a thin black coating on a specimen of clay.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 115.
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
'Mica Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Monazite'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Description: The second most abundant clay at the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 427.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Gems& Min. 343:26 (1966)
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-Na
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Probertite (TL)
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1928) 13, 452-453; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Maual; Frondel C, Morgan V (1956) Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California. American Mineralogist 41, 839-843
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Habit: Tabular to bladed
Colour: Dark reddish brown
Description: Occurs as crystals to 1 mm long in vesicles of red basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 165-166; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 174.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs as minute cubes in joint cracks in a dense black basalt underlying the deposit. Also occurs as minute brassy crystals in nodules and geodes of calcite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 166; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72; California Division of Mines & Geology: Mineral Information Service: 22(10) (Oct 1969).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Chenard, G., and Chenard, D. 1962 Kern County Agate: Lapidary Journal, v. 16, no. 1, p. 106-107.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chenard, G., and Chenard, D. 1962 Kern County Agate: Lapidary Journal, v. 16, no. 1, p. 106-107.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Chenard, G., and Chenard, D. 1962 Kern County Agate: Lapidary Journal, v. 16, no. 1, p. 106-107.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities:
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Ferroan Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Localities:
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Rock Currier collection
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Colour: Pale yellow
Description: Occurs as efflorescent clusters of needle-like crystals to 1.5 mm.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278-279.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Colour: Yellowish tan and greenish gray to blackish
Description: Occurs as masses of fibers to 2.5 cm (1 inch).
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 218.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs as minute crystals in the main orebody.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 168; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Tunellite (TL)
Formula: SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Localities:
Reference: Erd, R.C., Morgan, V., and Clark, J.R. (1961) Tunellite, a new hydrous strontium borate from the Kramer Borate District, California. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 424-C, 294-297.; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Wardsmithite
Formula: Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Description: Occurs on montmorillonite as clusters of minute crystals at the bottom of the pit.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 243.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Colour: White
Description: Rounded pellets.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Gerstleyite (TL)2.HE.05Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Howlite6.CB.20Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Probertite (TL)6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Tunellite (TL)6.FC.05SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite6.EC.15Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Wardsmithite6.H0.25Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Satin Spar Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Garrelsite9.AJ.15Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Hectorite9.EC.45Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Heulandite-Na9.GE.05(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Mazzite-Na (TL)9.GC.20Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Phillipsite-Na9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Ferroan Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Apatite'-
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
1 < ø < 2
Gerstleyite (TL)3.8.8.1Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Howlite25.3.5.1Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite26.3.2.1Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Probertite (TL)26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite26.5.9.1Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Hexaborates
Tunellite (TL)26.6.6.2SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Wardsmithite26.7.7.1Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Garrelsite54.2.4.1Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Hectorite71.3.1b.4Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite71.3.5.4Na(H2BSi2O7)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Biotite'-
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gypsum
var: Satin Spar Gypsum
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Heulandite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mazzite-Na (TL)-Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-Na-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Saponite
var: Ferroan Saponite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
H TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
H HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
H SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
BBoron
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
B GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
B HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
B SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
B VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B SassoliteH3BO3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
O TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
O HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
O SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
O Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TridymiteSiO2
O WitheriteBaCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Na SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Al Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Si HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Si SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Si Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S PararealgarAs4S4
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SulphurS8
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AsArsenic
As GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As PararealgarAs4S4
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
SrStrontium
Sr TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Sr VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SbAntimony
Sb GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
BaBarium
Ba GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
HgMercury
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Holocene - Pliocene
0 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 2885167
Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temescal Formation; Modesto Formation; Victor Formation; Alameda Formation; Aromas Red Sands; Bautista Beds; Brawley Formation; Borrego Formation; Burnt Canyon Breccia; Cabezon Fanglomerate; Campus Formation; Casitas Formation; Chemehuevi Formation; Corcoran Clay; Cushenbury Springs Formation; Dos Picachos Gravels; Dripping Springs Formation; Frazier Mountain Formation; Friant Formation; Harold Formation; Heights Fanglomerate; Hookton Formation; Huichica Formation; La Habra Formation; Manix Lake Beds; Mohawk Lake Beds; Montezuma Formation; Nadeau Gravel; Ocotillo Conglomerate; Orcutt Formation; Pacoima Formation; Pauba Formation; Peckham Formation; Pinto Formation; Resting Springs Formation; Riverbank Formation; Rohnerville Formation; San Dimas Formation; Shoemaker Gravel; Temecula Arkose; Battery Formation; Bay Point Formation; Colma Formation; Lindavista Formation; Lomita Marl; Merritt Sand; Millerton Formation; Palos Verdes Sand; San Pedro Formation; Sweitzer Formation; Timms Point Silt

Description: Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Lithology: Major:{coarse alluvium}, Minor:{fine alluvium}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chenard, G. and Chenard, D. (1962) Kern County Agate. Lapidary Journal, 16(1), 106-107.
Gems & Minerals (1966) 343, 26.
American Mineralogist (1971) 56, 1057.
Mineralogical Record (1971) 2, 37.
Currier, Rock (2010) personal communication to Mindat.org.

External Links

www.mineralsocal.org

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