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Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwei
Regional Level Types
Mashonaland CentralProvince
ZimbabweCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bindura37,423 (2010)
Shamva10,317 (2014)
Mazowe9,966 (2014)
Glendale9,768 (2012)
Mvurwi7,970 (2013)
Mount Darwin6,349 (2014)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

59 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: W. Schreyer (1988) A discussion of: “Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment — geochemical and isotopic evidence” by Kerrich et al. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 100:552-554 ; Kerrich, R., Fyfe, W. S., Barnett, R. L., Blair, B. B., & Willmore, L. M. (1987). Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment—geochemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(4), 481-498.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Jelsma, H. A., Huizenga, J. M., & Touret, J. L. (1998). Fluids and epigenetic gold mineralisation at Shamva Mine, Zimbabwe: a combined structural and fluid inclusion study. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 27(1), 55-70.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100. ; Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 44.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Lenses of baryte ore are found in limestones, quartzites and phyllites, the mineralization appears to be fault controlled.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 47.; Thorpe, R. I. (1979). A sedimentary barite deposit from the Archean Fig Tree Group of the Barberton Mountain Land (South Africa); discussion. Economic Geology, 74(3), 700-702.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Oberthür, T., Blenkinsop, T.G., Hein, U.F., Höppner, M., Höhndorf, A., and Weiser, T.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 138-156.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Description: Yielded about 5kg of Cordierite.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 80.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Kerrich, R., Fyfe, W. S., Barnett, R. L., Blair, B. B., & Willmore, L. M. (1987). Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment—geochemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(4), 481-498.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Jelsma, H. A., Huizenga, J. M., & Touret, J. L. (1998). Fluids and epigenetic gold mineralisation at Shamva Mine, Zimbabwe: a combined structural and fluid inclusion study. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 27(1), 55-70.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Oberthür, T., Blenkinsop, T.G., Hein, U.F., Höppner, M., Höhndorf, A., and Weiser, T.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 138-156.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526
'Lepidolite'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kerrich, R., Fyfe, W. S., Barnett, R. L., Blair, B. B., & Willmore, L. M. (1987). Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment—geochemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(4), 481-498.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 1128; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jul 47).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: W. Schreyer (1988) A discussion of: “Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment — geochemical and isotopic evidence” by Kerrich et al. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 100:552-554
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kerrich, R., Fyfe, W. S., Barnett, R. L., Blair, B. B., & Willmore, L. M. (1987). Corundum, Cr-muscovite rocks at O'Briens, Zimbabwe: the conjunction of hydrothermal desilicification and LIL-element enrichment—geochemical and isotopic evidence. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(4), 481-498.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Frei, R., Nägler, Th. F., Schönberg, R., and Kramers, J.D. (1998) Re-Os, Sm-Nd, U-Pb, and stepwise lead leaching isotope systematics in shear-zone hosted gold mineralization: Genetic tracing and age constraints of crustal hydrothermal activity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 62, No. 11, pp. 1925-1936.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chrome-Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hofmann, A., Bekker, A., Dirks, P., Gueguen, B., Rumble, D., Rouxel, O.J. (2014) Comparing orthomagmatic and hydrothermal mineralization models for komatiite-hosted nickel deposits in Zimbabwe using multiple-sulfur, iron, and nickel isotope data. Mineralium Deposita, 49:1, 75-100.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Frei, R., Nägler, Th. F., Schönberg, R., and Kramers, J.D. (1998) Re-Os, Sm-Nd, U-Pb, and stepwise lead leaching isotope systematics in shear-zone hosted gold mineralization: Genetic tracing and age constraints of crustal hydrothermal activity. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 62, No. 11, pp. 1925-1936.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Klemm, D.D., and Kräutner, H.G. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 90-108.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chrome-Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
-(Ni,Co)AsS
'Hornblende'-
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chrome-Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Chrome-Chalcedony)SiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Chrome-Chalcedony)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S MilleriteNiS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
CoCobalt
Co Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Gersdorffite (var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite)(Ni,Co)AsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
TeTellurium
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoarchean : 2600 Ma to 2590 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2590 MaRAN Mine, Bindura District, Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2600 MaRAN Mine, Bindura District, Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mashonaland_Central_Province
Wikidata ID:Q596156

External Links


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Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate

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