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Papago Queen Mine (Saginaw Hill Mine; Gold Hill Mine), Amole Mine group, Saginaw Hill (Saginaw property), Amole District, Tucson Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 8' 25'' North , 111° 4' 36'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.14028,-111.07667
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


‡Ref.: Allen, M.A. (1920), Notes on the Southern Section of the Amole District, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 106: 21.

Kinnison, J.E. (1958) Geology and ore deposits of the southern section of the Amole mining district, Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 126 p.: 109-110.

Keith, Stanton B. (1974), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, Arizona: 102 (Table 4).

Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 13 (Table 1).

Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10256514, MAS ID #0040190354.

A former surface and underground Cu-Ag-Au-Mo mine located in West-central (NE¼NW¼SW¼) sec. 12, T.15S., R.12E. (Cat Mountain 7.5 minute topo map). Owned/operated at times, or in part, by the Saginaw Mining Co.; Papago Queen Mining Co.; the Tucson Arizona Copper Co.; and Strong & Harris.

Mineralization is disseminated copper oxides and carbonates with minor molybdenum oxides in quartz veins and along fractures in a weakly altered, brecciated, and mineralized Laramide (?) porphyry stock.

Workings include tunnel and open cut operations. Sporadic production of copper ore occurred from 1917 to 1934, and of smelter flux in 1956 through 1959. Total output was some 3,700 tons averaging about 1% Cu and 0.5 oz. Ag/T.


Mineral List


2 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2954918
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



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