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Darwin Mine (Anaconda; Bernon Mine; Defiance Mine; Essex Mine; Independence Mine; Intermediate Mine; Rip Van Winkle Mine; Thompson Mine), Darwin, Darwin District, Darwin Hills, Inyo Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Darwin Mine (Anaconda; Bernon Mine; Defiance Mine; Essex Mine; Independence Mine; Intermediate Mine; Rip Van Winkle Mine; Thompson Mine)Mine
Darwin- not defined -
Darwin DistrictMining District
Darwin HillsGroup of Hills
Inyo Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° North , 117° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~4km
Locality type:


A former Pb-Ag mine group located on the western side of the Darwin Hills.

While there were many mines and prospects within the Darwin District, most of the district's production has come from the larger and more important workings on the west side of the Darwin Hills which were ultimately consolidated and operated by the Anaconda Company as the Darwin Mine. These included the Bernon, Defiance, Essex, Independence, Intermediate, Rip Van Winkle and Thompson workings.

NOTE: Some of these same mines were later incorporated into another group termed the Darwin Mines. See MRDS locality file at: http://www.mindat.org/loc-78712.html.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

65 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Habit: Thin, tabular
Description: Occurs as crystals in Ag ore.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 139.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs as fibrous, radiating clusters and coatings.
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 21: 597]: 17; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1942), Notes on some minerals from southern California, III: American Mineralogist: 27: 323; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 64; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 244; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 299; Dana 7: II: 250.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Description: Occurs in Ag ore.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Description: A specimen in the University of California, Berkeley, collection was tentatively identified as boulangerite.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 112.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 166.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 100.
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Description: Occurs in small quantities as a supergene mineral.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 18; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Enargite ?
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: MAy occur with famatinite as a constituent in Ag ore.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 175.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 175.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities:
Franckeite
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 137.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Description: Observed in polishaed sections as microscopic inclusions in frankeite.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 208.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Habit: Acicular and prismatic.
Description: Fine acicular and prismatic crystals common.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 285.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs as crusts with occasional crystals.
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 12; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1942), Notes on some minerals from southern California, III: American Mineralogist: 27: 324; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 64; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 89, 217.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Description: Occurs as tiny, lamellar, oriented inclusions in galena.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 257; Hall, W.E. (1971b) Minor element content of the sulfide minerals, Darwin lead-silver-zinc mine, Inyo County, California. Society of Mining Geologists, Japan, special issue, 2: 119; Czamanske, G.K. & W.E. Hall (1975), The Ag-Bi-Pb-Sb-S-Se-Te mineralogy of the Darwin lead-silver-zinc deposit, southern California: Economic Geology: 70: 1102.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Colour: Pale greenish yellow
Description: Occurs as masses.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 63; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 439.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Occurs associated with Pb-Ag ores in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 296.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities:
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Pabst, Adolf (1952), A new locality for creedite: Rocks & Minerals: 27: 19; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 190.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 165.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1914a), The Darwin silver-lead mining district, California: USGS Bulletin 580: 1-18
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Selenium
Formula: Se
Description: 800 level, Defiance workings
Reference: No reference listed
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Occurs as thin sheets.
Reference: Kelley, Vincent Cooper (1938), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin silver-lead mining district, Inyo County, California: California Division Mines Report 34: 543; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 46.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Description: Occurs in rich Ag ore.
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 17; Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 61; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 93; MinRec 15:17.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: No reference listed
Stolzite ?
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 59; Bradley, W.W. (1941), Thirty-seventh report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 37: 602; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368: 64; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 183.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Bradley, W.W. (1941), Thirty-seventh report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 37: 602; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: [MinRec 15:17]
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:504-507.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite ?2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Franckeite2.HF.25bFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Guanajuatite2.DB.05Bi2Se3
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rickardite2.BA.30Cu7Te5
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite ?7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Guanajuatite2.11.2.4Bi2Se3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Franckeite3.1.4.2Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
ø = 4
Enargite ?3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite ?48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StolzitePb(WO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
CuCopper
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe
Se GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag SilverAg
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
SbAntimony
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
TeTellurium
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn24+Sb2S14
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
Bi BismuthBi

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bradley, W.W. (1941), Thirty-seventh report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines (Report 37): 37: 602.
Pabst, Adolf (1952), A new locality for creedite: Rocks & Minerals: 27: 19.
Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 18.
Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS Professional Paper 368: 59, 64.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 296, 375.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 183, 190, 194, 285, 342.
Mineralogical Record (1984): 15: 17.
Economic Geology: 83: 395-404.
University of Wyoming, Anaconda Geological Documents Collection.

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