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Billie Mine (Billie group; Ryan Mine; Billie I Mine; Billie II Mine), Ryan, Furnace Creek Mining District (Furnace Creek Borate Mining District), Inyo Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Billie Mine (Billie group; Ryan Mine; Billie I Mine; Billie II Mine)Mine
Ryan- not defined -
Furnace Creek Mining District (Furnace Creek Borate Mining District)Mining District
Inyo Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 20' 29'' North , 116° 41' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


A former B-borate mine located in sec. 6, T25N, R3E & in sec. 31, T26N, R3E, SBM (the mine complex proper is in sec. 6 at the sec. 5 boundary. Based on the topo map, a minor portion of the property is probably in sec. 31, T26N, since the mine complex proper is also on the boundary line of that T&R sec.), 2.4 km (1.5 miles) NNW of Ryan (adjacent to Dantes View Road), on National Park Service land (Death Valley National Park). Property was private when the mine was operating, may now be public national park land. Owned & operated by the American Borate Co. (1991). Operated during the periods 1974-1978, 1980-1986, 1991 to present (1993). MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 500 meters. Inyo County conditional use permit 76-5 applied.

Mineralization is a lacustrine borate deposit (Mineral occurrence model information: Model code: 260; USGS model code 35b.3; Deposit model name: Lacustrine borates), hosted in rocks of the Laohuling Formation (shale, clay, mud, mudstone, siltstone and sandstone) and/or the Furnace Creek Formation. The ore body is 76.2 meters thick with a width of 274.32 meters and a length of 1,125 meters. The ore ranges from 200 to 1,350 feet deep. Associated rocks include Pliocene - Miocene basalt. Local rocks include Tertiary nonmarine rocks, undivided and/or Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits.

Local structures include a NNE-trending, steeply-dipping fault.

Related tectonic structures: Basin and range province.

Workings include underground openings. The ore body is in Death Valley National Park and the portal of the mine is 1,500 feet W on Bureau of Land Management land. The ore was mechanically enriched at the mine, calcined in Nevada, and ground at Dunn siding. No further dat on the workings in either USGS MRDS file.

Reserve-Resource data: Estimate by G. Orris from published data in 1990.
Also, Roskill (1993); Evans and others (1976).

Reserves and resources data: Type: in-situ; estimate year: 1976: total resources: 4,421,000 metric tons of ore. Estimate year: 1992: total resources: 11,800,000,000 metric tons of ore.

Assay data: Year: 1976: B-borates: 22 weight per cent; 1992: 21 weight per cent.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20(5): 387; Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
'Veatchite-1M'
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Photographic Library - http://libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/cgi-bin/show_picture.cgi?ID=ID.%20BYU%20Mineral%20Specimens%20837

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Howlite6.CB.20Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Probertite6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite6.EC.15Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Veatchite-1M'-Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Howlite25.3.5.1Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Pentaborates
Probertite26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite26.5.9.1Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Veatchite-1M'-Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
BBoron
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
NaSodium
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.
Evans, J.R., Taylor, G.C., and Rapp, J.S. (1976), Mines and mineral deposits in Death Valley National Monument, California” California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 125, 61 p.: 28.
Guidebook: Las Vegas to Death Valley and Return (1976), Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 26, Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada - Reno: 22-32.
California Division of Mines and Geology (1981), Mines & Mineral Producers Active in California during 1980, Special Publication 58: 39.
Barker, C.E., and Barker, J.M. (1985), “A Re-evaluation of the origin and diagenesis of borate deposits, Death Valley, California” in Barker, J.M., and Lefond, S.J., eds., “Borates: Economic Geology and production” New York, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, Inc.: 101-136.
Smith, G.I. (1985), “borate deposits in the United States - dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting” in Barker, J.M., and Lefond, S.J., eds., Borates: Economic geology and production: New York, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, Inc., p. 37-51.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 387.
Harben, P.W., and Bates, R.L. (1990), “Industrial minerals geology and world deposits” London, metal bulletin plc.
O'Driscoll, Mike (1990), “Minerals in the US Southwest - breaking rocks in the hot sun” Industrial Minerals, no. 272, p.59.
Roskill Information Services Ltd. (1993), “The Economics of Boron 1993, 7th ed.” London, Roskill Information Services Ltd., 156 p.
Mineralogical Record (1996): 27: 35-40.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10023294 & 10260614.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060270782.

USGS MRDS Record:10023294

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