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Sulphur Bank Mine (Sulfur Bank Mine; Sulphur Bank deposits), Clear Lake Oaks, Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District), Lake Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sulphur Bank Mine (Sulfur Bank Mine; Sulphur Bank deposits)Mine
Clear Lake Oaks- not defined -
Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District)Mining District
Lake Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
39° 0' 14'' North , 122° 39' 55'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Clearlake Oaks2,359 (2011)2.6km
Clearlake15,182 (2017)6.1km
Clear Lake Riviera3,090 (2017)7.3km
Soda Bay1,016 (2011)10.7km
Lower Lake1,294 (2011)11.4km


A former S-Hg mine located in sec. 6, T13N, R7W, MDM, at the end of the E arm of Clear Lake, 11 miles from Lower Lake. Mined for sulphur first, then mercury. Closed 1944.

Mineralization is hosted in Quaternary andesites.

Active spring.

Production: 126,285 seventy-two pound flasks (9,092,520 pounds) of Hg plus 2 million pounds of sulfur.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 406; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265; Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618.
Ammoniojarosite ?
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 833; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 279.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs in altered pyroxene andesite with Hg minerals.
Reference: Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 833; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 407; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 169.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Acicular
Description: Occurs with opal in lava altered by hot springs.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Anderson, Charles A. (1936), Volcanic history of the Clear Lake area, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 47: 650; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Amer. Mineral., 1964, 49, 831
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Buddingtonite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs as a hydrothermal product in compact masses resulting from the action of ammonia-bearing hot springs on older rocks; pseudomorphs after plagioclase; largely in altered pyroxene andesite. Occasionally as small crystals.
Reference: Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 831, 833; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 279, 360.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 408; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 210.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Description: Occurs as fine crystalline coatings on fractures and blocks of Franciscan Sandstone in fault breccia. Fine-grained material deposited in veinlets and dendrites throughout hydrothermally kaolinized Holocene clastic sediments and kaolinized zones along the joints and sheeting planes in the overlying augite andesite.
Reference: Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473; Blake, Wm. P. (1885), Antimony: Mineral Resources of the U.S. 1883-84: 642; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 405; Rocks & Minerals (1942): 17: 176; Rocks & Minerals (1947): Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618; American Mineralogist (1964): 49: 831; American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 1026-1038; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 626; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Everhart, Donald Lough (1946), Quicksilver deposits at the Sulphur Bank mine, Lake County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 136, 139; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266, 274, 276.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Description: Occurs in opalized vein material.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp.: 104; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 407; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 273; www.mineralsocal.org.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Description: A constituent of opal.
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 407; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 353; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: A rare constituent of the ores.
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 408; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 219; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Everhart, Donald Lough (1946), Quicksilver deposits at the Sulphur Bank mine, Lake County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 136, 139; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 192; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266, 276; www.mineralsocal.org.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:615-616.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Occurs as pseudomorphs after pyrrhotite crystals.
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 409; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 163.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Abundant as efflorescences.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 171-177, 190-195; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 407; Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 831-850; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Everhart, Donald Lough (1946), Quicksilver deposits at the Sulphur Bank mine, Lake County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 136, 139; Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 171-177, 190-195; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 406; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266, 276; www.mineralsocal.org
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: Occurs as thick incrustations with other sulphates lining cavities.
Reference: Williams, A., Jr. (1885), Mineral resources of the United States: Mineral Resources US, 1883-84, vol. 14, 1016 pp.: 949; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Relatively abundant.
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 407; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 437; Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 404; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 74; Economic Geology (1988) 83: 606-618; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Abundant as stalactites.
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp.: 104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 258; Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 192; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 271; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; www.mineralsocal.org
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org; Econ Geol (1988) 83:606-618
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Colour: Purple (lilac)
Description: Occurs sparingly in the "boulder" zone.
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 404, 409; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 130; www.mineralsocal.org.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 408; Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 831-850Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 439.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Abundant.
Reference: White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 585; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 427.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Description: Abundant.
Reference: White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 585; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 427.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: Pale blue
Description: Occurs as irregular masses with aragonite in hydrothermally altered andesite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 190; Brice, J.C. (1953), Geology of Lower Lake quadrangle, California: California Division Mines Bulletin 166: 62; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 403; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616.; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215, 273, 355; Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 405, 407; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616.; American Mineralogist (1964): 49: 831; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:615-616.
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Schuetteite
Formula: Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Reference: American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 1026-1038; Bailey, Edgar H., et al (1959), Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral: American Mineralogist: 44: 1026-1038; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 111; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 335.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Blake, Wm. P. (1885), Antimony: Mineral Resources of the U.S.1883-84: 642; Ross, Clyde Polhemus (1940b), Quicksilver deposits of the Mayacmas and Sulphur bank districts, California: USGS Bulletin 922-L: 339; Ross, Clyde Polhemus (1942), Some concepts on the geology of quicksilver deposits in the United States: Economic Geology: 37: 451; Everhart, Donald Lough (1946), Quicksilver deposits at the Sulphur Bank mine, Lake County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 139; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 405, 407; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 130; Rocks & Minerals: 22: 615-616.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:606-618; Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28; www.mineralsocal.org.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Brilliant crystals in pores and cavities in altered rock; also as stalactites.
Reference: Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473; Rocks & Minerals (1942): 17: 176; Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616; Phillips, John Arthur (1868), Notes on the chemical geology of the gold fields of California: Philos. Mag., 4th. series: 36: 422; Le Conte, Joseph & W.B. Rising (1882), The phenomena of Metalliferous vein formation now in progress at Sulphur Bank, California: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 24: 23-33; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 255; White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 403; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52, 116; Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Description: Occurs as efflorescences.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 374.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite ?7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Schuetteite7.BB.40Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Buddingtonite (TL)9.FA.30(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Schuetteite30.1.13.1Hg2+3(SO4)O2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite ?30.2.5.4(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Buddingtonite (TL)76.1.2.1(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
BBoron
B SassoliteH3BO3
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S CinnabarHgS
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S RosickýiteS
S StibniteSb2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SbAntimony
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Phillips, John Arthur (1868), Notes on the chemical geology of the gold fields of California: Philos. Mag., 4th. series: 36: 321-336, 422-433; […(abstract): Royal Society of London Proceedings: 16: 294-299; …American Journal of Science, 2nd. series: 47: 134-139 (1869)]: 422.
Le Conte, Joseph & W.B. Rising (1882), The phenomena of Metalliferous vein formation now in progress at Sulphur Bank, California: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 24: 23-33; ..(abstract): Engineering & Mining Journal: 34: 109-110 (1882).
Blake, Wm. P. (1885), Antimony: Mineral Resources of the U.S.1883-84: 641-653.
Williams, A., Jr. (1885), Mineral resources of the United States: Mineral Resources US, 1883-84, vol. 14, 1016 pp.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp. (includes catalog of minerals); […(abstract): Neues Jahrb., 1887, Band 2: 474]: 104.
Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 251-270, 255, 389.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1095.
Anderson, Charles A. (1936), Volcanic history of the Clear Lake area, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 47: 629-664.
Ross, Clyde Polhemus (1940b), Quicksilver deposits of the Mayacmas and Sulphur bank districts, California: USGS Bulletin 922-L: 327, 329-353.
Rocks & Minerals (1942): 17: 176.
Ross, Clyde Polhemus (1942), Some concepts on the geology of quicksilver deposits in the United States: Economic Geology: 37: 439-465.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 143.
Everhart, Donald Lough (1946), Quicksilver deposits at the Sulphur Bank mine, Lake County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 125-153.
Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615-616.
Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 171-177, 190-195.
Rocks & Minerals (1948): 23: 314-315.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 473.
Brice, J.C. (1953), Geology of Lower Lake quadrangle, California: California Division Mines Bulletin 166: 62.
Bailey, Edgar H., et al (1959), Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral: American Mineralogist: 44: 1026-1038.
White, D.E. & C.E. Roberson (1962), Sulphur Bank, California: Geological Society of America Buddington Memorial Volume: Petrologic studies: 397-428.
Erd, R.C., D.E. White, J.J. Fahey & D.E. Lee (1964), Buddingtonite, an ammonium feldspar with zeolitic water: American Mineralogist: 49: 831-850.
Davis, Fenelon Francis and E.H. Bailey (1966) Mercury. California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 191: 252.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 62, 63, 72, 81, 115, 117, 156, 159, 162, 172, 178, 200, 210, 233, 234, 254, 258, 262, 263, 273, 282, 293, 302, 332, 335, 350, 356, 374.
White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 579, 582.
American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 1026-1038.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52, 72, 74, 116, 130, 163, 169, 210, 215, 219, 265, 266, 271, 273, 274, 276, 279, 286, 303, 353, 355, 360, 427, 437, 439.
Economic Geology (1988): 83: 606-618.
Economic Geology (1997): 92: 20-28.
Pampeyan, E.H. (2010): Buddingtonite in Menlo Park, California. USGS Open-File Report 10-1053.

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