Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Bajo de la Alumbrera Mine, Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD), Farallón Negro, Belén Department, Catamarca Province, Argentinai
Regional Level Types
Bajo de la Alumbrera MineMine
Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)Mining District
Farallón Negro- not defined -
Belén DepartmentDepartment
Catamarca ProvinceProvince
ArgentinaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 19' 47'' South , 66° 36' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hualfín2,304 (2016)24.7km
Puerta de Corral Quemado1,634 (2016)34.2km
Andalgalá14,068 (2015)41.5km
La Puerta de San José1,073 (2016)47.1km


Main Mineralization:Disseminated deposit of copper porphyry type, with mineralization in leads and veins. Open pit mining.

History:
Bajo de La Alumbrera is located in the NW of the province of Catamarca, in the Eastern foothills of the Andes mounting range, at a height of 2,600 metres above sea level.
The production was started-up in 1997 and continue at present.
With an investment of $ 1.2 billion for its development, Bajo de La Alumbrera is one of the world´s major mineral deposits using open pit mining method.
Annual mining production levels are 120 million tonnes of total material moved from the open pit, using four large scale electric rope shovels and a fleet of 36, 220 tonne-capacity haul trucks.
Through large scale crushing, grinding and flotation processes, Bajo de La Alumbrera´s average anual production is 700,000 tonnes of concentrates containing approximately 190,000 tonnes of copper metal. The Project also produces about 600,000 troy ounces of gold per annum.
Gold is recovered both to concentrate and through gravity recovery into dore which is processed by international refineries to obtain the final product.
The Copper and Gold concentrates are pumped with added water through a 370 Km, 175 mm diameter pipeline over the Nevados del Aconquija mountains to the province of Tucumán, where concentrates are dewatered to obtain a drier product (7% moisture content).

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: ; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: GUTIERREZ, A. A.; CHONG D., G. y ESPINOZA R., S.. Niveles de exposición de yacimientos del distrito minero Agua de Dionisio (YMAD), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 269-27; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Llandovery : 437 ± 13 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Silurian
   Llandovery
ⓘ Muscovite437 ± 13 Ma
ⓘ Biotite437 ± 13 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Proffett, J. M. (2003). Geology of the Bajo de la Alumbrera porphyry copper-gold deposit, Argentina. Economic Geology, 98(8), 1535-1574.
Harris, A.C. et al. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 295-314.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry (2011).
Sebastián Tauber (October 2014). Visit to the site.
Godeas, M. y Svetliza, S.S. de, (1980). Alteración hidrotermal y mineralización en el Bajo de la Alumbrera, provincia de Catamarca, República Argentina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 35(3): 318-331.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 17, 2020 14:16:48 Page generated: August 1, 2019 13:26:54
Go to top of page