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Owens Lake, Olancha, Owens Valley, Inyo Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 20' North , 117° 57' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.33333,-117.95000
GeoHash:G#: 9qkneyr3j
Locality type:Lake
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


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Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Owens Lake

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 67, 76; Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1369; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 71; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 368.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Brown, N., Lamos, P. & Scarr, I. (2003): Present-day features related to the deposition of trona at Owens Lake, California, and a comparison of the trona deposits of the Green River Basin, 36-40.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 76; Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1369; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 151; , 197, 277-278, 287, 293, 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 374.
'Erionite'
Reference: Smith, George Irving & W.P. Pratt (1957), Core logs from Owens, China, Searles and Panamint Basins, California: USGS Bulletin 1045-A: 5; Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 15-25; Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1369; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 381.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Smith, George Irving & W.P. Pratt (1957), Core logs from Owens, China, Searles and Panamint Basins, California: USGS Bulletin 1045-A: 5; Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 76A; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 151, 197; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 207, 374.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Brown, N., Lamos, P. & Scarr, I. (2003): Present-day features related to the deposition of trona at Owens Lake, California, and a comparison of the trona deposits of the Green River Basin, 36-40.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231; Chatard, T.M. (1890b), Natural soda; Its occurrence and utilization: USGS Bulletin 60: 75; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 277-278.
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Smith, George Irving & W.P. Pratt (1957), Core logs from Owens, China, Searles and Panamint Basins, California: USGS Bulletin 1045-A: 5l; Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 15-25, 76A; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 287; Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1369; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 381.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Brown, N., Lamos, P. & Scarr, I. (2003): Present-day features related to the deposition of trona at Owens Lake, California, and a comparison of the trona deposits of the Green River Basin, 36-40.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139.; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32: 245; Clarke, F.W. (1910), Analyses of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey, 1880-1908; USGS Bulletin 419: 256; Chatard, T.M. (1890a), On urao: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 38: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 205.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 3 - Halides
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Gaylussite'5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
'Natron'5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
'Thermonatrite'5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
'Trona'5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Burkeite'7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
'Kalinite'7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
'Mirabilite'7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
SSulfur
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Pliocene
0 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 2875507
Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temescal Formation; Modesto Formation; Victor Formation; Alameda Formation; Aromas Red Sands; Bautista Beds; Brawley Formation; Borrego Formation; Burnt Canyon Breccia; Cabezon Fanglomerate; Campus Formation; Casitas Formation; Chemehuevi Formation; Corcoran Clay; Cushenbury Springs Formation; Dos Picachos Gravels; Dripping Springs Formation; Frazier Mountain Formation; Friant Formation; Harold Formation; Heights Fanglomerate; Hookton Formation; Huichica Formation; La Habra Formation; Manix Lake Beds; Mohawk Lake Beds; Montezuma Formation; Nadeau Gravel; Ocotillo Conglomerate; Orcutt Formation; Pacoima Formation; Pauba Formation; Peckham Formation; Pinto Formation; Resting Springs Formation; Riverbank Formation; Rohnerville Formation; San Dimas Formation; Shoemaker Gravel; Temecula Arkose; Battery Formation; Bay Point Formation; Colma Formation; Lindavista Formation; Lomita Marl; Merritt Sand; Millerton Formation; Palos Verdes Sand; San Pedro Formation; Sweitzer Formation; Timms Point Silt

Description: Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Comments: Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{coarse alluvium}, Minor:{fine alluvium}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chatard, T.M. (1890a), On urao: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 38: 59-64; […USGS Bulletin 60: 75-78 (1890)]: 59.
Chatard, T.M. (1890b), Natural soda; Its occurrence and utilization: USGS Bulletin 60: 27-101.
Clarke, F.W. (1910), Analyses of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey, 1880-1908; USGS Bulletin 419: 256.
Smith, George Irving & W.P. Pratt (1957), Core logs from Owens, China, Searles and Panamint Basins, California: USGS Bulletin 1045-A: 5.
Hay, Richard Le Roy & Richard J. Moiola (1963), Authigenic silicate minerals in three desert lakes of eastern California (abstract): Program New York Meeting, Geological Society of America: 15-25, 67, 76A.
Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1369.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 71, 151, 197, 277-278, 287, 293, 374.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 205, 207, 368, 374, 381.
Brown, N., Lamos, P. & Scarr, I. (2003): Present-day features related to the deposition of trona at Owens Lake, California, and a comparison of the trona deposits of the Green River Basin: 36-40.

Localities in this Region
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