Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

California State Gem Mine (Dallas Gem Mine; Benitoite Mine; Benitoite Gem Mine; Gem Mine), Santa Rita Peak, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Jim Bean
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 20' 9'' North , 120° 36' 19'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.33611,-120.60528
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate

A former gemstone and specimen occurrence/mine located in the SW¼NE¼ sec. 25, T18S, R12E, MDM, 1.2 km (0.8 miles; 4,000 feet) SSW of Santa Rita Peak (coordinates of record), at the headwaters of the San Benito River, on formerly private (patented) land, now turned over to the state of California. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 100 meters.

Mineralization is a gemstone deposit. The deposit is comprised of natrolite veins cutting a glaucophane schist inclusion in a serpentinite body. Local rocks include ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 3 (Coast Ranges and Western Klamath Mountains).

Note: The majority of specimens from this locality have been prepared by dissolving away the enclosing natrolite with hydrochloric acid.

Workings include unspecified underground openings (the topo map reflects a large shaded area of mining activity with 1 adit symbol labeled "gem mine" at this point).

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

31 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 3190052
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Siltstone,sandstone,shale

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Jurassic - Middle Jurassic
145 - 174.1 Ma

ID: 2881475
Ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 3 (Coast Ranges and Western Klamath Mountains)

Age: Jurassic (145 - 174.1 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Josephine Peridotite

Description: Ultramafic rocks, mostly serpentine. Minor peridotite, gabbro, and diabase. Chiefly Mesozoic unit 3

Comments: Coast Range ophiolite, Josephine ophiolite. Ultramafic rocks in Middle to Late Jurassic ophiolites of Coast Ranges and westernmost Klamath Mts.

Lithology: Major:{serpentinite}, Minor:{peridotite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Louderback, G.D. and Blasdale, W.C. (1907) Benitoite, a new California gem mineral, with chemical analysis by Walter C. Blasdale. University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 5: 149-153.
Arnold, R. (1908) Notes on the occurrence of the recently described gem material, benitoite. Science, new series: 27: 312-314.
Ford, W.E. (1909) Neptunite crystals from San Benito, California. American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 27: 235-240; […Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 46: 321-325 (1909)].
Louderback, G.D. and Blasdale, W.C. (1909) Benitoite, its mineralogy, paragenesis and mode of occurrence. University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 5: 331-380; 331, 354, 357, 359, 360, 361, 363, 376, 380.
Schaller, W.T. (1911) Notes on neptunite. USGS Bulletin 490: 55-57.
Anderson, Robert, and Robert W. Pack (1915) Geology and oil resources of the west border of the San Joaquin valley north of Coalinga, California, USGS Bulletin 603, 220 pp.: 208-209.
Laizure, Clyde McK (1926) San Benito County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau (Report 22): 22: 235.
Palache, C. and Foshag, W.F. (1932) The chemical nature of joaquinite. American Mineralogist: 17: 308-312.
Buttgenbach, H. (1937-38) Sur un crystal de neptunite. Annales de la Société Geologique de Belgique: 61: 324-325.
Averill, Charles V. (1947), Mines and mineral resources of San Benito County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 43): 43(1): 50.
Wright, L.A. (1957) Gemstones. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 176: 211.
Murdoch, J. and Webb, R.W. (1966) Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966). California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 64, 70, 72, 82, 102, 130, 169, 182, 234, 277, 279, 298, 309.
Potter, R.W. and Evans, H.T. (1976) Definitive X-ray powder data for covellite, anilite, djurleite and chalcocite. USGS Journal of Resources: 4: 205-212.
American Mineralogist (1976) 51: 381-387.
Wise, W.S and Gill, R.H. (1977) Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. The Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452.
Wise, W.S. and Pabst, A. (1977) Jonesite, a new mineral from the Benitoite Gem mine, San Benito County, California. The Mineralogical Record 8, 453-456.
Wise, W.S. (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group. American Mineralogist 67: 809-81.
Pemberton, H.E. (1983) Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinhold Press: 98, 100, 216, 362, 372, 392, 399, 403, 410, 466, 467, 470, 472.
USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10077217 & 10116165.
Ma, C. and Rossman, G.R. (2008) Barioperovskite, a new mineral from the Benitoite Mine, California. American Mineralogist: 93: 154-157.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Availability System/Mineral Industry Location System (MAS/MILS): file #0060690144.

External Links

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 19, 2018 22:19:59
Go to top of page