Searles Lake, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||35° 44' 17'' North , 117° 22' 26'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||35.73833,-117.37389|
|Köppen climate type:||BWk : Cold desert climate|
Dry lake in the Searles Valley of the Mojave Desert. The evaporite basin is approximately 19 km (12 mi) long and 13 km (8.1 mi) at its widest point. The mining community of Trona is on its western shore.
Borax is mined since 1873. Nowadays also sodium sulphate, sodium carbonate and sodium chloride (halite) are produced.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
35 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Holocene - Pliocene|
0 - 5.333 Ma
|Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits|
Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)
Stratigraphic Name: Temescal Formation; Modesto Formation; Victor Formation; Alameda Formation; Aromas Red Sands; Bautista Beds; Brawley Formation; Borrego Formation; Burnt Canyon Breccia; Cabezon Fanglomerate; Campus Formation; Casitas Formation; Chemehuevi Formation; Corcoran Clay; Cushenbury Springs Formation; Dos Picachos Gravels; Dripping Springs Formation; Frazier Mountain Formation; Friant Formation; Harold Formation; Heights Fanglomerate; Hookton Formation; Huichica Formation; La Habra Formation; Manix Lake Beds; Mohawk Lake Beds; Montezuma Formation; Nadeau Gravel; Ocotillo Conglomerate; Orcutt Formation; Pacoima Formation; Pauba Formation; Peckham Formation; Pinto Formation; Resting Springs Formation; Riverbank Formation; Rohnerville Formation; San Dimas Formation; Shoemaker Gravel; Temecula Arkose; Battery Formation; Bay Point Formation; Colma Formation; Lindavista Formation; Lomita Marl; Merritt Sand; Millerton Formation; Palos Verdes Sand; San Pedro Formation; Sweitzer Formation; Timms Point Silt
Description: Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.
Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. 
|Quaternary - Miocene|
0 - 23.03 Ma
|Cenozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529.