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San Diego Co., California, USAi
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San Diego Co.County
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US Navy in San Diego Bay circa 1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
Panoramic view of San Diego Bay ~1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
San Diego Public Library circa 1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
US Navy in San Diego Bay circa 1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
Panoramic view of San Diego Bay ~1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
San Diego Public Library circa 1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
US Navy in San Diego Bay circa 1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
Panoramic view of San Diego Bay ~1905

San Diego Co., California, USA
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:County
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
San Diego1,394,928 (2018)
Chula Vista265,757 (2017)
Oceanside175,691 (2017)
Escondido151,451 (2017)
Carlsbad113,453 (2017)
El Cajon103,679 (2017)
Museums in region:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

195 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in boulders of sausserite gabbro in the San Onofre Breccia.
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 193; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 393.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 186; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities:
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Description: Abundant.
Reference: Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs as inclusions in quartz crystals.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 171.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Description: Abundant in nodules.
Reference: Dietz, R.S. & K.O. Emery (1938), Marine phosphorite deposits off the coast of California: …(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 49: 1878; Kolodny, Y. and Kaplan, I.R. (1970) Uranium isotopes in sea-floor phosphorites. Eochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 34: 3; Dietz, R.S., K.O. Emery & F.P. Shepard (1942), Phosphite deposits on the sea floor off southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 53: 819; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 200; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 317, 429.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Slender prismatic
Description: A cluster of crystals was found in a cavity of volcanic rock.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 82.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Description: Occurs as fibers to 6 inches (15 cm) long.
Reference: Goodyear, Watson Andrews (1890), San Diego County: California Mining Bureau. Report 9: 148; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 68.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling (1924a), Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 370; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 69, 70; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 94; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 227.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: San Diego Mining Company (2009)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boromuscovite (TL)
Formula: KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 111-112; American Mineralogist (1991), 76: 1998-2002.; David London, George B. Morgan VI, and James L. Maner (2016) Pegmatites of the Little Three mine, Ramona, San Diego County, California. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Occurs as broad, flat plates to 1 foot (0.3 meters) diameter of optical-grade material.
Reference: Wright, L.A. (1957) Calcite (optical grade) California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 176: 99-100. Weber, F.H. Jr. (1963) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 52-54. Murdoch, J., Webb, R.W. (1966) Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 118. Pemberton, H. E. (1983) Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 211.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Cathedral Quartz'
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Finely crystalline material underlain by gypsum.
Reference: Moore, Bernard Nettleton (1935), Some strontium deposits of southeastern California and western Arizona: A.I.M.E. Tech. Pub. 599, 24 pp.: 365 (location in error); Durrell, C. (1953), Geological investigations of strontium deposits in southern California: California Division Mines Special Report 32: 5 (corrects location); Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 123.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 272; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Description: Occurs in ore with Cu minerals. Evidenced by California Division of Mines and Geology specimen #9979.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 125.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 29:164]; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 280, 282; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 424.
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Forman, S.A., Kodama, H., and Maxwell, J.A. (1967) The trioctahedral brittle micas. American Mineralogist: 52: 1124; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
'Crossite'
Description: Occurs in schist boulders of the San Onofre Breccia.
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 186; Reed, Ralph Daniel (1928), A siliceous shale formation from southern California: Journal of Geology: 36: 347; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69, 70.
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: David London, George B. Morgan VI, and James L. Maner (2016) Pegmatites of the Little Three mine, Ramona, San Diego County, California. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Diamond ?
Formula: C
Reference: Weber, F. H. (1963a). Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: P. 104.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): 469-470.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Hudson, Frank Samuel (1922), Geology of the Cuyamaca region of California with special reference to the origin of the Nickeliferous pyrrhotite: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 13: 214, 217; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270, 321; Rocks & Minerals 82: 402-407.
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 29:164]
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Fergusonite'
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Ertl, A., Rossman, G.R., Hughes, J.M., London, D., Wang, Y., O’Leary, J.A., Dyar, M.D., Prowatke, S., Ludwig, T. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Tourmaline of the elbaite-schorl series from the Himalaya Mine, Mesa Grande, California, U.S.A.: A detailed investigation. Am. Mineral., 95, 24-40.
Fluorite ?
Formula: CaF2
Description: Unable to confirm during modern field observations, possibly misidentified topaz.
Reference: Merrill, F. J. H. 1914. Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office. Chapter 1, pages 72-73.
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Reference: Timothy Sherburn collection
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Localities:
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Description: Occurs extensively with collophane.
Reference: Dietz, R.S., K.O. Emery & F.P. Shepard (1942), Phosphite deposits on the sea floor off southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin: 53: 819; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 200; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 429.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Habit: Fibrous
Description: Occurs as silky fibers in diorite at the contact of a pegmatite dike.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1938), Notes on some minerals from southern California: American Mineralogist: 23: 353; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Habit: mostly feathery milky tan masses, the best few microscopic crystals were flat monoclinic translucent tan, ~100µm in size
Colour: tan, milky tan
Description: Found by microscope examination of a large piece of purple phosphosiderite purchased from Gems of Pala in Jan 2018, also associated with yellow stewartite. Analyzed by Bob Housley and myself at Caltech Raman spectroscopy lab.
Reference: MarekC collection, purchased from Gems of Pala, 2018
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Magnesian Grossular
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
Reference: E. E. Foord, Ph. D thesis
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Hornblende'
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as minute hollow spherules in pyrrhotite ore.
Reference: Creasey, S.C. (1946), Geology and nickel mineralization of the Julian-Cuyamaca area, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 27; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 202.
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Mag 42 (1978), 309
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: USGS Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS) entry number 10286426, erroneously lists an occurence of kyanite for this locality, but the reference cited (Weber 1963, p. 172) describes the species adalusite.
Reference: MRDS - 10286426
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as rims on pseudolaueite crystals.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Occurs in the San Onofre Breccia.
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 192; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 488.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 98; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 240.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Van King
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as small patches on lithiophilite.
Reference: Anonymous (1951), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 26: 265-279; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 245.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Mariposite'
Formula: K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 256.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Colour: Green and white
Description: Occurs as small green and white crystals.
Reference: Bradley, W.W. (1939), Thirty-fifth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 35: 207; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 258.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Wibur, C. (2013), Powder diffraction analysis on bluish green pegmatite mineral discovered in 2012 at the northside exploratory cut; Carmelita mine, San Diego County, California: May.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Description: Stannian Microlite
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): 468-469; Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63: p. 710.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 91 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 256.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Weber, Harold, F. Jr. (1963): Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego County, California, County Report 3. California Division of Mines and Geology, San Francisco
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Oxy-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Ertl, A., Rossman, G.R., Hughes, J.M., London, D., Wang, Y., O’Leary, J.A., Dyar, M.D., Prowatke, S., Ludwig, T. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Tourmaline of the elbaite-schorl series from the Himalaya Mine, Mesa Grande, California, U.S.A.: A detailed investigation. Am. Mineral., 95, 24-40.
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: Min News 20:2 p4; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 44
Paragonite ?
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal
Reference: Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p 89., illus., maps.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: Occurs as residual cores in violarite in massive pyrrhotite.
Reference: Hudson, Frank Samuel (1922), Geology of the Cuyamaca region of California with special reference to the origin of the Nickeliferous pyrrhotite: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 13: 219; Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30: 370; Creasey, S.C. (1946), Geology and nickel mineralization of the Julian-Cuyamaca area, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 27.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Occurred in a boulder of quartz porphyry from gravels.
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1912), Notes on rare minerals from California: Columbia University, School of Mines Quarterly: 33: 378; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 289.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Clarke, F.W. (1910), Analyses of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey, 1880-1908; USGS Bulletin 419: 273; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 295.
Pseudolaueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour: Brown
Description: Occurs as fibrous, rod-like crystals with circular cross-section.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Description: Occurs on the contact of gabbro and fine-grained schist.
Reference: Calkins, F.C. (1916), An occurrence of nickel ore in San Diego County, California: USGS Bulletin 640: 78, 79; Hudson, Frank Samuel (1922), Geology of the Cuyamaca region of California with special reference to the origin of the Nickeliferous pyrrhotite: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 13: 217; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report No. 3, 309 pp.: 196; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 70.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 146 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Bull Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Lithium Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: San Diego Mining Company, 1996.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rynersonite (TL)
Formula: CaTa2O6
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 709-714.
'Salmonsite'
Description: Discredited = mixture of hureaulite and jahnsite [probably jahnsite-(MnMnMn)]
Reference: Moore, Paul B. & J. Ito (1978): I. Whiteite, a new species, and a proposed nomenclature for the jahnsite-whiteite complex series. I. New data on xanthoxenite. III. Salmonsite discredited. Min. Magazine 42: 309-323
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 145.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Silica'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 130; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 48.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stewartite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 143-145; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 730.
Stibiocolumbite (TL)
Formula: Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 390-396, photographs.
'Stibiocolumbite-Stibiotantalite Series'
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123.
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'
Description: Antimonian Microlite
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): 468-469; Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63: p. 710.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Stibiotantalite var: Bismuthian Stibiotantalite
Formula: (Sb,Bi)(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: David London, George B. Morgan VI, and James L. Maner (2016) Pegmatites of the Little Three mine, Ramona, San Diego County, California. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 44
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. (1977) Mineralogical Record: 8: 472-473; www.minsocam.org
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling & Charles H. Reed (1939), Mineral resources of San Diego County: California Division Mines Report 35: 52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 355.
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Van King
Swinefordite
Formula: Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Reference: Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 108086
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 140-142.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities:
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals, May-June 2003 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 44
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling (1925), San Diego, Ventura Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 21: 344; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 130; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Aubury, Lewis E. (1902), The copper resources of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 23: 260; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 69, 70; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 183.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 194; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361.
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): p. 472.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: San Diego Natural History Museum
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: A minor associate of dumortierite.
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1905a), Dumortierite: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 19: 211; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 344; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 476.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Tosudite var: Lithium Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmalinated Quartz'
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 100 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Constitutes up to 25% of a dacite volcanic neck.
Reference: Larsen, Esper Signius (1948), Batholith and associated rocks of Corona, Elsinore, and San Luis Rey quadrangles, southern California: Geological Society of America Mem. 29: 182 pp.: 111; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 373; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 354.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities:
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Localities:
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Description: Occurs as a surface alteration of scheelite.
Reference: Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 272; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 339.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs as films on fractures of a weathered pegmatite.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 516.
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Short, Maxwell Naylor & E.V. Shannon (1930), Violarite and other rare nickel sulfides: American Mineralogist: 15: 8; Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30: 370; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report No. 3, 309 pp.: 196; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 70; Dana 7: I: 264; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.gemandmineral.com/stewartmine.html.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 390-396, photographs.
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Description: Zircon (var: Cyrtolite) is found chiefly or wholly in pocket pegmatite.
Reference: Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 106.
Zircon var: Uraniferous Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): p. 471.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Description: Occurs in boulders of sausserite gabbro in the San Onofre Breccia.
Reference: Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 193; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 484, 488.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Diamond ?1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Fluorite ?3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Bull Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Lithium Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Rynersonite (TL)4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiocolumbite (TL)4.DE.30Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'4.DH.15
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
var: Bismuthian Stibiotantalite4.DE.30(Sb,Bi)(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Greifensteinite8.DA.10Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)8.DH.15{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Morinite8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudolaueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite (TL)8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stewartite (TL)8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Boromuscovite (TL)9.EC.15KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Fluor-elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Magnesian Grossular9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite ?9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Oxy-schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Paragonite ?9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stokesite9.DM.05CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Swinefordite9.EC.45Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
var: Lithium Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Uraniferous Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Cathedral Quartz'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Crossite'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'-
'Silica'-
'Stibiocolumbite-Stibiotantalite Series'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond ?1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Pääkkönenite2.11.5.1Sb2AsS2
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Stibiocolumbite (TL)8.1.6.1Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.6A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'8.2.2.7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Rynersonite (TL)8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite ?9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite (TL)38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Morinite42.4.2.1NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)42.11.2.4{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Pseudolaueite42.11.10.3Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Stewartite (TL)42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite ?52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Lawsonite56.2.3.1CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Stokesite65.5.1.1CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Boromuscovite (TL)71.2.2a.9KAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite ?71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Swinefordite71.3.1a.5Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Asbestos'-
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
'Cathedral Quartz'-
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Crossite'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluornatromicrolite-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Greifensteinite-Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Magnesian Grossular-(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron-Fe
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mariposite'-K(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
'Mica Group'-
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Oxy-schorl-Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Pyrrhotite
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
-(Fe,Ni)7S8
Quartz
var: Bull Quartz
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Lithium Quartz-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'-
'Silica'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
'Stibiocolumbite-Stibiotantalite Series'-
Stibiotantalite
var: Bismuthian Stibiotantalite
-(Sb,Bi)(Ta,Nb)O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thomsonite'-
Tosudite
var: Lithium Tosudite
-Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Uraniferous Zircon-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
H Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H MaripositeK(Al,Cr)2(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Li Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
BBoron
B BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)