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Himalaya Mine (Himalaya dikes; Himalaya pegmatite), Gem Hill, Mesa Grande District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Himalaya Mine (Himalaya dikes; Himalaya pegmatite)Mine
Gem HillHill
Mesa Grande DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 12' 43'' North , 116° 47' 52'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.21194,-116.79778
GeoHash:G#: 9muuynn3w
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
San Pasqual2,041 (2018)19.7km
Ramona20,292 (2011)20.0km
Valley Center9,277 (2011)22.0km
Hidden Trails750 (2008)22.4km
San Diego Country Estates10,109 (2011)22.8km


Summary:
A miarolitic LCT-type granitic pegmatite, highly boron-enriched, located in north-central San Diego Co., California, USA. First discovered in 1898, the Himalaya mine was one of the largest producers of gem and specimen-grade tourmaline in North America throughout much of the 20th century.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Apatite'
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Biotite'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
'Clays'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
'Heulandite subgroup'
'Hornblende'
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lepidolite'
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
'Monazite'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oxy-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stibiocolumbite (TL)
Formula: Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Type Locality:
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Thomsonite'
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Tosudite var: Lithium Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Uraniferous Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Stibiocolumbite (TL)4.DE.30Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'4.DH.15
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Stokesite9.DM.05CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
var: Lithium Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Uraniferous Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Oxy-schorl-Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiocolumbite (TL)8.1.6.1Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.6A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'8.2.2.7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Stokesite65.5.1.1CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Oxy-schorl-Na(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
Tosudite
var: Lithium Tosudite
-Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Uraniferous Zircon
-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
OOxygen
O StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O QuartzSiO2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Zircon (var: Uraniferous Zircon)Zr(SiO4)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
NaSodium
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Zircon (var: Uraniferous Zircon)Zr(SiO4)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Oxy-schorlNa(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Uraniferous Zircon)Zr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn StokesiteCaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
BiBismuth
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
ThThorium
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Cretaceous - Middle Jurassic
66 - 174.1 Ma



ID: 2897782
Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 2 (Peninsular Ranges)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 174.1 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bonsall Tonalite; Bradley Granodiorite; Cactus Quartz Monzonite; Cajalco Quartz Monzonite; Corona Hornblende Granodiorite Porphyry; Domenigoni Valley Granodiorite; Escondido Creek Leucogranodiorite; Estelle Tonalite; Fargo Canyon Diorite; Green Valley Tonalite; Home Gardens Quartz Monzonite Porphyry; Indian Mountain Leucogranodiorite; Lakeview Mountain Tonalite; Lake Wolford Leucogranodiorite; La Sierra Tonalite; Mount Hole Granodiorite; Rattlesnake Granite; Roblar Leucogranite; San Jacinto Granodiorite; Stonewall Quartz Diorite; Woodson Mountain Granodiorite

Description: Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Comments: Peninsular Ranges. Primarily tonalite, granodiorite, and minor quartz monzonite and granite. Emplacement ages mostly 80 to 105 Ma in eastern part of area and 105 to 140 Ma in western part; minor Jurassic rocks in central part Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{tonalite}, Minor:{quartz diorite,granodiorite,quartz monzonite}, Incidental:{granite, pegmatite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kunz, G. F. (1905a), Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37; pages 133-135.
Merrill, F. J. H. (1914), Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1, pages 61-110.
Carnahan, V. (1960), The Treasure of the Himalaya Mine. Gems & Minerals magazine, November, pages 21-25, 55-57.
Weber, F. H. (1963), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: pages 91-92.
Rynerson, F. J. (1967), Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., 204 pages.
Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): 461-474.
Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 709-714.
Hochleitner, R. and Weise, C. (1987), Die Himalaya Mine bei Mesa Grande in Kalifornien. Lapis 12 (10), 11-32 (in German).
Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.
Robinson, George W. & King, Vandall T. (1989), What's New in Minerals? Sixteenth Annual Rochester Academy of Science Mineralogical Symposium. Mineralogical Record, Volume 20, Number 5: p. 399.
Rocks & Minerals (1998), 168 & 178, figure 30.
Fisher, J., Foord, E. E. and Bricker, G. A. (1999), The geology, mineralogy, and history of the Himalaya mine, Mesa Grande, San Diego County, California. California Geology 52(1): 3-18.
Fisher, J. (2002), Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, Volume 33, Number 5: pages 390-396, photographs.
Ertl, A., Rossman, G.R., Hughes, J.M., London, D., Wang, Y., O’Leary, J.A., Dyar, M.D., Prowatke, S., Ludwig, T. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Tourmaline of the elbaite-schorl series from the Himalaya Mine, Mesa Grande, California, U.S.A.: A detailed investigation. Am. Mineral., 95, 24-40.
Fisher, Jesse (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86: 14-34.

Mindat Articles

The J. G. Braye Residence and Bunk House by J. S. Lewis & E. M. Ramsey 1988 by Scott L. Ritchie
The Treasure of the Himalaya Mine by Veryle Carnahan 1960 by Scott L. Ritchie


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