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Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA

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Tourmaline Queen & Pala Chief Mountains

Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Chief & Hiriart Mountains circa 1914

Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 23' 15'' North , 117° 3' 5'' West (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Locality type:Mining District
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Summary:
The Pala district in northwestern San Diego County, California, has been a widely known source of gem and lithium minerals. Formal mining operations began in the 1870's, but the most active period was from 1900 to 1922. Several underground gemstone mining operations on Tourmaline Queen Mountain and Chief Mountain persist to this day.

The Pala district has been the subject of many science-and industry-based reports, focusing on gemology, mineralogy, petrology, physics and other facets relating to the 400 or so Rare Earth Element (REE) pegmatite dikes (outcrops, veins, ledges, bodies, deposits, lodes etc.).

The area is also often referred to as the Pala Gem Mining District, or the Pala Pegmatite District. It is a common misnomer that the term "district" is an official designation. The Pala area was never established as an organized mining district, and as such all mining claim documents pertaining to the statutes of the United States and California were filed with the Office of the County Clerk.

The Pala Band of Mission Indians, whose reservation was established for the benefit of the Cupeño and Luiseño Indians in 1891, had encompassed most of the mineral lands often referred to as the Pala District or Pala Mining District by 1903. By the year 2000, several subsequent Acts of Congress had appropriated all of the remaining public lands once open to mineral entry under the general mining laws for the benefit of the Mission Indians, excepting the federal mineral patents issued between 1913 and 1979 from the transfer.

Because of the significance of the Pala district's impact on San Diego's history and economy, the County's regional land use plan recognizes the importance of the gem mines in Pala, and generally encourages the immediate development of the eight federal mineral patents.

United States Mineral Patents granted in the Pala mining district by date issued:
1913 - Tourmaline King lode by F. B. Schuyler
1914 - Ed Fletcher Jr. lode by Ed Fletcher
1949 - Stewart Mine lode by Blanche C. Crane
1949 - Hiriart lode by George A. Ashley
1955 - Tourmaline Queen & Tourmaline Queen No. 3 lodes, Pala Chief lode, Goddess lode by Mildred S. Wear and Margaret S. Moore (Frank A. Salmons heirs)
1979 - Oceanview lode by Roland Reed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

93 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Fairchild, John Gifford (1932), Bavenite, a beryllium mineral, pseudomorphous after beryl, from California. American Mineralogist: 17: 409-422; […American Mineralogist: 17: 114 (1932)]: 409; Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31; Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 100.
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Peter Cristofono 25/Feb/04
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Biotite'
Localities:
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 261.
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clays'
Localities:
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1996), Clinobisvanite, eulytite, and namibite from the Pala pegmatite district, San Diego Co., California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 387.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951) Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1996), Clinobisvanite, eulytite, and namibite from the Pala pegmatite district, San Diego Co., California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 387.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Localities:
'Gabbro'
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 128; Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 195.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 128; Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 195.
Grossular var: Magnesian Grossular
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Hornblende'
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Min Mag 42 (1978), 309
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities:
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951) Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Foord, E. E. (1996), Clinobisvanite, eulytite, and namibite from the Pala pegmatite district, San Diego Co., California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 387.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Salmonsite'
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Sicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 145.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7A: 72 p.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Stewartite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1912): 2: 143-145; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 730.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
'Stilbite subgroup'
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Swinefordite
Formula: Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Tosudite var: Lithium Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmalinated Quartz'
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities:
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Localities:
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Waring, G. A. (1905), The pegmatyte veins of Pala, San Diego County. American Geologist 35, p. 363; Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 381.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bismutotantalite4.DE.30Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Amblygonite'8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)8.DH.15{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Montebrasite'8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
'Phosphosiderite'8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Sicklerite (TL)8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stewartite (TL)8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Magnesian Grossular9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Montmorillonite'9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Petalite'9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
'Phenakite'9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Swinefordite9.EC.45Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
var: Lithium Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Biotite-
Clays-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Columbite-Tantalite-
Elbaite-Schorl Series-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Feldspar Group-
'var: Perthite'-
Gabbro-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Heulandite subgroup-
Hornblende-
Hypersthene-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Indicolite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jahnsite Group-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Lepidolite-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Psilomelane-
Pyroxene Group-
Rubellite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Salmonsite-
Stilbite subgroup-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmalinated Quartz-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Verdelite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Bismutotantalite8.1.6.3Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite (TL)38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)42.11.2.4{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Stewartite (TL)42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Swinefordite71.3.1a.5Li(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Gabbro'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Magnesian Grossular-(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Iron-Fe
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tosudite
var: Lithium Tosudite
-Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmalinated Quartz'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Mg Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Magnesian Grossular)(Ca,Mg)3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
VVanadium
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
TaTantalum
Ta BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
BiBismuth
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist. California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 125.
Kunz, George Frederick (1904), Precious stones. Mineral Resources U.S., 1903: 942.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1904a), The tourmaline localities of southern California. Science, new series: 19: 266-268.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1904b), Notes on some California minerals. American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 17: 191-194.
Graton, Louis Caryl & Schaller, W. T. (1905), Purpurite, a new mineral. American Journal of Science, 4t. series: 20: 146-151; […eitschr. Kristallographie, Band 41: 433-438 (1905)]: 146.
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 37, 171 pp.
Waring, G. A. (1905), The pegmatyte veins of Pala, San Diego County. American Geologist 35, pages 356-369.
Rogers, Austin Flint (1910a), Notes on some pseudomorphs, petrifactions and alterations. American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 17-23.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911e), Notes on purpurite and heterosite. USGS Bulletin 490: 79.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1912b), New manganese phosphates from the gem tourmaline field of southern California. Washington Academy of Sciences Journal: 2: 145.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Fairchild, John Gifford (1932), Bavenite, a beryllium mineral, pseudomorphous after beryl, from California. American Mineralogist: 17: 409-422; […American Mineralogist: 17: 114 (1932)]: 409.
Donnelly, Maurice (1936), Notes on the lithium pegmatites of Pala, California. Pacific Mineralogist: 3(1): 8-12.
Stevens, Rollin Elbert & Schaller, W. T. (1942), The rare alkalies in micas. American Mineralogist: 27: 525-537, 528.
Saylor, Pauline A. (1947), The Geology of the Pala Pegmatites, San Diego, California: A lecture by Dr. Richard H. Jahns to the Mineralogical Society of Southern California; April 14th. Rocks and Minerals magazine, Vol. 22, No. 5: page 434.
Jahns, R. H., and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-Bearing Pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 72 p.
Weber, F. H. (1963), Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: 309 p., illus., maps.
Murdoch, Joseph & Webb, Robert W. (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966). California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 79, 100, 105, 107-108, 155-156, 182, 195, 219, 238, 245, 275, 315, 337, 352, 373-374, 381, 391.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 73, 76, 80.

Mindat Articles

Bismuth Ochers from San Diego Co., California by W. T. Schaller 1910 by Scott L. Ritchie
Kunzite the Precious by William B. Gross 1905 by Scott L. Ritchie
R. H. Jahns—Pegmatite Geology, Pala, San Diego, California by P. A. Saylor 1947 by Scott L. Ritchie


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