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Stewart Mine (MS 6162; Stewart Lithia mine), Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Stewart Mine (MS 6162; Stewart Lithia mine)Mine
Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)Mountain
Pala- not defined -
Pala DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 22' 51'' North , 117° 3' 45'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.38111,-117.06250
GeoHash:G#: 9muvbhven
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rainbow1,832 (2011)8.6km
Temecula112,011 (2017)14.8km
Fallbrook30,534 (2011)17.5km
Hidden Meadows3,485 (2011)17.9km
Valley Center9,277 (2011)18.3km


Summary:
A complex and highly mineralized granitic pegmatite-aplite dike, located near the village of Pala. The pegmatite was originally mined during the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a source of lithium from massive pods of lepidolite that occur in the dike. Was reopened in the late 1960s as a gem mine and has periodically produced specimens and gem material of elbaite, as well as morganite and kunzite. The mine is particularly known for its reddish-pink elbaite.

The deposit is on private land, patented in 1949 by Blanche C. Crane.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

45 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
'Apatite'
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
'Manganese Oxides'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Type Locality:
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stewartite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Tosudite var: Lithium Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Greifensteinite8.DA.10Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)8.DH.15{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Sicklerite (TL)8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stewartite (TL)8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
var: Lithium Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite (TL)38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn) (TL)42.11.2.4{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Stewartite (TL)42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Goshenite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Greifensteinite-Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Salmonsite'-
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
Tosudite
var: Lithium Tosudite
-Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
LiLithium
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
BBoron
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O QuartzSiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Na TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Mg TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Tosudite (var: Lithium Tosudite)Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
VVanadium
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe GreifensteiniteCa2Fe52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
BiBismuth
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi BismuthBi
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Pliocene
0 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 2817582
Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 5.333 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temescal Formation; Modesto Formation; Victor Formation; Alameda Formation; Aromas Red Sands; Bautista Beds; Brawley Formation; Borrego Formation; Burnt Canyon Breccia; Cabezon Fanglomerate; Campus Formation; Casitas Formation; Chemehuevi Formation; Corcoran Clay; Cushenbury Springs Formation; Dos Picachos Gravels; Dripping Springs Formation; Frazier Mountain Formation; Friant Formation; Harold Formation; Heights Fanglomerate; Hookton Formation; Huichica Formation; La Habra Formation; Manix Lake Beds; Mohawk Lake Beds; Montezuma Formation; Nadeau Gravel; Ocotillo Conglomerate; Orcutt Formation; Pacoima Formation; Pauba Formation; Peckham Formation; Pinto Formation; Resting Springs Formation; Riverbank Formation; Rohnerville Formation; San Dimas Formation; Shoemaker Gravel; Temecula Arkose; Battery Formation; Bay Point Formation; Colma Formation; Lindavista Formation; Lomita Marl; Merritt Sand; Millerton Formation; Palos Verdes Sand; San Pedro Formation; Sweitzer Formation; Timms Point Silt

Description: Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Comments: Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{coarse alluvium}, Minor:{fine alluvium}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 2706610
Granite pegmatite dike

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Tabular, pegmatitic-textured granitic dikes. Most dikes range in thickness from a few centimeters to over a meter. Larger dikes are typically zoned compositionally and texturally.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kunz, G.F. (1905) Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 37, 55-57; 124-125.
Merrill, F.J.H. (1914) Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1, 61-110.
Jahns, R.H. and Wright, L.A. (1951) Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 59-61.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282, 730, 1051.
Sinkankas, J. (1988) Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals, 63(1), 21.
Robinson, George W. and King, Vandall T. (1989) What's New in Minerals? Sixteenth Annual Rochester Academy of Science Mineralogical Symposium. Mineralogical Record, 20(5), 399.
Bartsch, J.A. (1990) Collections and Displays: California State Mining and Mineral Museum, Mariposa, California. Rocks & Minerals, 65(1), 45.
Dunning, Gail E. and Cooper, Joseph F. Jr. (1998) Namibite: A Summary of World Occurrences. Mineralogical Record, 29(3), 164.
Fisher, J. (2002) Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record, 33(5), 376-378, photographs.
Morton, D. et al. (2011) Petrogenesis of the Li-bearing Stewart Pegmatite, Pala, California. Unpublished manuscript: 15 pp., charts and photographs.

Mindat Articles

The Stewart Lithia Tourmaline Mine by E. R. Swoboda 2000 by Scott L. Ritchie


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