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Merkers, Merkers-Kieselbach, Thuringian Forest, Thuringia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Merkers- not defined -
Merkers-Kieselbach- not defined -
Thuringian ForestForest
ThuringiaState
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Merkers, Merkers-Kieselbach, Thüringer Wald, Thüringen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 49' 30'' North , 10° 6' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.82500,10.11639
GeoHash:G#: u1p1nhqt0
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Dorndorf3,045 (2017)2.2km
Tiefenort4,268 (2013)3.8km
Martinroda297 (2015)4.5km
Stadtlengsfeld2,698 (2015)4.7km
Völkershausen1,206 (2015)5.4km


Salt mine.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: F. Heide & E. Bader (1964): Boracit und Lüneburgit im Werra-Kaligebiet.- Chemie der Erde 23, 219-221
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: F. Heide & E. Bader (1964): Boracit und Lüneburgit im Werra-Kaligebiet.- Chemie der Erde 23, 219-221
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
'Sylvinite'
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: W.I. Borrisenkow (1968) Zeitschr. für angewandte Geologie 14, 7-10
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: M.Pippig (1992): Uber das Vorkommen einer Kristallsalzschlotte im Kalibergwerk Merkers. Kali und Steinsalz 11:1-2-mai-p.2-7.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Bischofite3.BB.15MgCl2 · 6H2O
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Rinneite3.CJ.05K3Na[FeCl6]
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 6 - Borates
Boracite6.GA.05Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Lüneburgite6.AC.60Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Langbeinite7.AC.10K2Mg2(SO4)3
Leonite7.CC.55K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Löweite7.CC.45Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Sylvinite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Bischofite9.2.9.1MgCl2 · 6H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Rinneite11.5.3.1K3Na[FeCl6]
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hexaborates
Boracite25.6.1.1Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Miscellaneous
Langbeinite28.4.4.1K2Mg2(SO4)3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Leonite29.3.3.3K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Löweite29.4.3.1Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Lüneburgite43.5.11.1Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Sylvinite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
B LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
O LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
MgMagnesium
Mg LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Mg LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Cl BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Cl BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Cl RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
KPotassium
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K SylviteKCl
K LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
FeIron
Fe RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Anisian - Late Permian
242 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 2605012

Age: Phanerozoic (242 - 272.95 Ma)

Description: limnic - fluvial to brackish deposits

Lithology: Fine-grained sandstone, claystone, conglomerate

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Triassic
247.2 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3134564
Early Triassic sandstone

Age: Early Triassic (247.2 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{siltstone,mudstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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