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Cripple Creek District, Teller Co., Colorado, USAi
Regional Level Types
Cripple Creek DistrictMining District
Teller Co.County
ColoradoState
USACountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° North , 105° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~33km
Locality type:


The Cripple Creek district, in the southern part of the Front Range, about 20 miles southwest of Colorado Springs, is one of the most famous gold camps in the world. It is distinctly different from the other districts of the Front Range in having ore deposits associated with an extinct volcano of Miocene age and in having had an exceedingly large output of gold-telluride ores. The chief towns are Cripple Creek and Victor.

The historic rush of prospectors to Pikes Peak in 1859 resulted in no important discoveries, and it was not until 1874 that prospecting was carried out in the Cripple Creek district. A report that H.T. Wood, while connected with the Hayden survey, had found gold near Mount Pisgah brought a number of men into the district, but no valuable deposits were found. Occasional prospecting was carried out in the district from 1880 to 1890 by Bob Womack, who found some good ore and located the El Paso claim in Poverty Gulch. In 1891, E.M. De la Vergne and F.F. Fisbee bought the El Paso claim and located the El Dorado claim. The first real "strike" however, was made by W.S. Stratton, who sampled a ledge of granite on the slope of Battle Mountain and found it to assay $380 to the ton. On July 4, 1891, he located the Independence claim, which later became one of the richest mines in the district.

The ore deposits include veins or fissure fillings, irregular bodies due to mineralization of shattered ground, and mineralized collapse breccia. Deposits of all three groups have the same general mineral composition and show no consistent change in composition down to the lowest levels exposed.

Stages of ore deposition

The ore deposits were derived from the same general source as the dikes and like them were formed in several stages. Three stages of mineralization have been recognized. It is noteworthy that although quartz, fluorspar, and pyrite belong to all stages, their appearance differs in each stage. Other minerals, if present in more than one stage, are conspicuous only in ore.

The first stage was characterized mainly by local intense corrosion of country rock and deposition of quartz and adularia and massive aggregates of dark-purple fluorspar and quartz with comparatively coarse-grained pyrite. The quartz and adularia occur both as dense masses locally called jasper and as coatings in vugs in corroded or honeycombed granite. The constituents of the quartz-adularia aggregate may have been derived from corrosion of granite and volcanic rocks at great depth, with redeposition at higher levels. The large amount of fluorine, however, represented by the dense fluorspar, and the sulfur, represented by pyrite, were most probably original constituents of the rising solutions.
Some bodies of honeycombed granite, chiefly in the Portland, Ajax, and Elkton mines, were later permeated by telluride solutions and became rich ore, but others were not reached by the tellurides and are almost barren. The veins of dense fluorspar and quartz are as much as 2 feet thick but are barren except where fractured and veined by later minerals. In places, they form an apparently unconnected step-like succession of lenticular veins. Some of them are very thin but persist for considerable distances. They have been noted rarely outside the breccia area and the major shear zones in the adjacent granite.

Except that adularia is lacking, the minerals of the second stage include those of the first but differ from them somewhat in appearance. The fluorspar is usually a lighter purple, the quartz is milky to somewhat smoky, and the pyrite is fine-grained and inconspicuous. Other minerals common to this stage are dolomite or ankerite in small rounded crystals, celestite, and the tellurides.
The most common telluride is calaverite, but considerable sylvanite and krennerite are also present. The term sylvanite is frequently applied by the miners to silvery calaverite and the term calaverite to yellowish or slightly tarnished crystals, fine-grained aggregates of which may be confused with fine-grained pale-yellow pyrite. Other tellurides, which are found in small quantity are petzite, hessite, and a silver-copper telluride. The silver-copper telluride was found in considerable quantity in the Findlay vein above level 16 of the Vindicator mine. It seems probable that much of the material called gray copper by the miners but which contains as much as 2,000 or 3,000 ounces of silver to the ton may be partly or wholly silver-copper telluride. Grains or wires of free gold accompany the tellurides in places to a depth as great as 2,900 feet.
Roscoelite, the vanadium mica, is found in places as small soft drusy masses and locally adds a green coloring matter along the edges of the veins or in inclusions. A little barite and small quantities of the base-metal sulfides, principally sphalerite, galena, and tetrahedrite, have been found. The second-stage minerals occur mostly in open though narrow cracks and in vugs. In the Cresson mine rocks with a green roscoelite stain, delicate crystals of celestite, and conspicuous amounts of sulfide are supposed to be fair indications of a nearby ore shoot, but elsewhere the same minerals have been found without leading to any ore shoot. For the most part, the solutions of the second stage merely filled or lined cavities with minerals that may have been derived by corrosion of the walls of the conduits in or below the crater. The mineral assemblage of this stage suggests a moderate to rather low temperature. Deposition of tellurides, which marked the end of the second stage, indicates the accession of primary magmatic constituents.

The third stage is represented chiefly by smoky to colorless quartz in small to large drusy crystals and by yellow druses of chalcedony. Fine-grained pyrite occurs in thin radiating needles resembling marcasite and in small drusy patches of pyritohedrons. Calcite occurs in small scalenohedrons, and locally cinnabar fills coatings on or near the pyrite. Rarely minute grains of fluorspar are present in barren places and cannot be regarded as a likely indication of ore. Quartz of the third stage has in places replaced celestite, dolomite, and calcite.
The third stage of deposition was comparatively insignificant. It included at least one substage in which solutions were still rising from a volcanic source, but in others, the solutions may have been of superficial origin. The presence of cinnabar indicates rising solutions; the quartz, calcite, and fine-grained pyrite may be supergene but are probably also hypogene. The crusts and minute stalactites of chalcedony in vugs have evidently been deposited by meteoric water.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223

Some aspects of the above copy from USGS Prof. Paper 223 (Lovering, 1950) are a bit dated. The Cripple Creek District is the greatest example of a class of ore deposits known as alkaline igneous rock related gold deposits. A significant amount of work has been done on this class of ore deposit in recent years. For those interested in more modern interpretations of the geology and hydrothermal evolution of Cripple Creek and other alkaline igneous rock related gold deposits see Jensen (2003, 2007), Kelley and Ludington (2002) and Mutschler et al (1998).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

125 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 65
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite ?
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
'Crossite'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 641; O'Donoghue (1976) "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", 286.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Finchite
Formula: Sr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; 2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Description: Some turquoise specimens contain gold inclusions
Reference: Rock & Gem, September 2001, pp. 48-51
Greenockite ?
Formula: CdS
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1669-1688
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Hornblende'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: www.minclassics.com
Låvenite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Mallardite
Formula: MnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Pentahydrite (TL)
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 492.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Planerite ?
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
Description: Originally reported to be coeruleolactite. All purported coeruleolactite examined by the authors of the 1998 report (Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E.) were largely planerite, or Occasionally turquoise. Published analysis indicates that the vacany in the 'A' site is between 0.51-0.54 atom fraction, the balance in Cu-0.40 and Zn-0.06 to 0.09. It is suggested by this analysis that the turquoise structure likely cannot accomodate Ca in the 'A' site.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com] Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E. (1998): A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 93-111.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 54; USGS Professional Paper 54
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.minclassics.com
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sabugalite
Formula: HAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sonoraite
Formula: Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 65
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Korbel & Novak, 1999. Minerals Encyclopaedia, p.17
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Thalénite-(Y)
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Some turquoise specimens contain gold inclusions
Reference: Rock & Gem, September 2001, pp. 48-51
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
'Wad'
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Linda Semenyna P.Geo. (2014) at FLSmidth. Mineral Identification and Analysis MP-1 thru MP-12. Report. Pg 4.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite ?2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite ?2.CB.45CdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Emmonsite4.JM.10Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilsemannite4.FJ.15Mo3O8 · nH2O
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Sonoraite4.JN.05Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tellurite4.DE.20TeO2
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mallardite7.CB.35MnSO4 · 7H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Pentahydrite (TL)7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Planerite ?8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Sabugalite8.EB.55HAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Låvenite ?9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thalénite-(Y)9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Crossite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Finchite-Sr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite ?2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite ?2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Tellurite4.4.6.1TeO2
Miscellaneous
Ilsemannite4.6.3.1Mo3O8 · nH2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mallardite29.6.10.5MnSO4 · 7H2O
Pentahydrite (TL)29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Emmonsite34.3.3.1Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Sonoraite34.7.1.1Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Sabugalite40.2a.24.1HAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite ?42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thalénite-(Y)55.2.1b.2Y3Si3O10F
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Låvenite ?56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Crossite'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Finchite-Sr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'-
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H FinchiteSr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CorundumAl2O3
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
O ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O TelluriteTeO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O FinchiteSr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
SSulfur
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GreenockiteCdS
ClChlorine
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
TiTitanium
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
VVanadium
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
V FinchiteSr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
CrChromium
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
Mn ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
FeIron
Fe EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NiNickel
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr FinchiteSr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O
YYttrium
Y Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NbNiobium
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
TeTellurium
Te TelluriumTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Te AltaitePbTe
Te Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Te TelluriteTeO2
BaBarium
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
AuGold
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au GoldAu
Au KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Au Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U UraniniteUO2
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
U FinchiteSr(UO2)2(V2O8)·5H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lindgren, W. and Ransome, F.L. (1906) Geology and gold deposits of the Cripple Creek district, Colorado. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 54. [https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp54]
Lovering, T.S. and Goddard, E.N. (1950) Geology and ore deposits of the Front Range, Colorado. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 223. [https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp223]
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, 65.
Mutschler, F.E., Larson, E.E., and Ross, M.L. (1998) Potential for Alkaline Igneous Rock-Related Gold Deposits in the Colorado Plateau Laccolithic Centers, in Friedman, J.D. and Huffman, A.C., Jr. (eds.) Laccolith Complexes of Southeastern Utah: Tectonic Control and Time of Emplacement--Workshop Proceedings. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2158, 233-252.
Kelley, K.D. and Ludington, S. (2002) Cripple Creek and other alkaline-related gold deposits in the southern Rocky Mountains, USA: Influence of regional tectonics. Mineralium Deposita, 37, 38-60.
Jensen, E.P. (2003) Magmatic and hydrothermal evolution of the Cripple Creek gold deposit, Colorado and comparisons with regional and global magmatic-hydrothermal systems associated with alkaline magmatism. Ph.D. thesis, University of Arizona, 846 pp.
Carnein, C. and Bartos, P. (2005) The Cripple Creek Mining District Colorado. Mineralogical Record, 36(2), 143-185.
Jensen, E.P. and Barton, M.D. (2007) Geology, petrochemistry, and time-space evolution of the Cripple Creek district, Colorado. Geological Society of America Field Guide, 10, 63-78.

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