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Velarde Mine (Velarde Manganese prospect; Blackie group; Sheriff Mine), Redhouse Mountain, Salem, Rincon District, Doña Ana Co., New Mexico, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 45' 49'' North , 107° 8' 24'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.76373, -107.14002

A Mn-W occurrence/group of claims located in the N½NW¼ sec. 10, T18S, R3W, SBM, 1.2 km (0.7 mile) S of Redhouse Mountain (coordinates of record), on the S slope of Redhouse Mountain (about 10 road miles NE of Hatch and about 37 miles N34W of Las Cruces), on Bureau of Land Management administered land. Owned by J. Velarde, F. C. Lopez, A. Loran and B. E. Luchini, New Mexico (1949). Owned by H. F. Carmichael and Associates, Garfield, New Mexico (1950- ). Operated by H.F. Carmichael (1955- ). MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 500 meters. Accurate location is for the prospect in section 10, as shown on the Upham Topographic quadrangle. Called the Sheriff Mine in 1917 & called the Blackie group in the 1950's.

Mineralization is hosted in the Montoya Group dolomite. The ore body is irregular in form, strikes N and dips vertical at a thickness of 2.44 meters, width of 6.1 meters and a length of 24.38 meters. Controls for ore emplacement included fault-fracture structural control. Local rocks include (Phanerozoic/Cenozoic/Tertiary) Lower and Middle Santa Fe Group.

Workings include surface and underground openings with an overall depth of 6.1 meters and an overall length of 45.72 meters. Workings reported in 1961 consisted of 4 shallow inclined adits and an open cut. (the topo map reflects 2 groups of 3 prospect pit symbols labeled "prospects" at this point).

Farnham (1961) reported about 200 tons of Mn ore, ranging from 20 to 40% Mn, was produced from 1917 to 1955.

Mineral List

4 valid minerals.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Kelley, V.C., and Silver, C. (1952), University of New Mexico publication No. 4: 208-209, figure 2.

Hewett, Donnel Foster and Fleischer, M. (1960) Deposits of the manganese oxides. Economic Geology: 55: 1-55.

Farnham, L.L. (1961), U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular IC-8030: 9-10.

Lemmon, Dwight Moulton and Tweto, O.L. (1962) Tungsten in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. USGS Mineral Investigative Resources Map MR-25.

USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10097777 & 10174306.

U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0350130282.

Lemmon, Dwight Moulton, Tungsten deposits in the US; Volume I, unpublished data.

New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources mines index.

New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Mineral and Water Resources of New Mexico, Bulletin 87.

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