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Zuni Mine (Zuñi Mine), Anvil Mountain, Red Mountain District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USAi
Regional Level Types
Zuni Mine (Zuñi Mine)Mine
Anvil MountainMountain
Red Mountain DistrictMining District
San Juan Co.County
ColoradoState
USACountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 50' 13'' North , 107° 42' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Silverton637 (2011)4.4km
Ophir169 (2017)11.5km
Telluride2,399 (2018)14.7km
Mountain Village1,395 (2017)17.0km
Ouray1,008 (2017)20.8km


Located on Anvil Mountain, about 3 miles north of Silverton. This mine was discovered in 1881.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Reference: Cobban, R., Collins, D., Foord, E., Kile, D., Modreski, P. and Murphy, J. (1997): Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised, 665 pp.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101; A. Rosenzweig (1957) Mineralogical Notes on the Silverton Quadrangle, Colorado. in 8th Field Conference New Mexico Geological Society. pp199-202
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: Cobban, R., Collins, D., Foord, E., Kile, D., Modreski, P. and Murphy, J. (1997): Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised, 665 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101; A. Rosenzweig (1957) Mineralogical Notes on the Silverton Quadrangle, Colorado. in 8th Field Conference New Mexico Geological Society. pp199-202
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
'Guitermanite'
Formula: Pb10As6S19 (?)
Reference: Hillebrand, W.F. (1885): On zunyite and guitermanite, two new minerals from Colorado. Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society 1, 124-131.; A. Rosenzweig (1957) Mineralogical Notes on the Silverton Quadrangle, Colorado. in 8th Field Conference New Mexico Geological Society. pp. 199-202; Rocks & Minerals 71:2, 94-101;
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Kuramite
Formula: Cu3SnS4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Sartorite
Formula: PbAs2S4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Zunyite (TL)
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Hillebrand, W.F. (1885): On zunyite and guitermanite, two new minerals from Colorado. Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society 1, 124-131.; MinRec 7:302, MinRec 7:270

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Baumhauerite2.HC.05bPb12As16S36
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Dufrénoysite2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kuramite2.CB.15aCu3SnS4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sartorite2.HC.05aPbAs2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Zunyite (TL)9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Guitermanite'-Pb10As6S19 (?)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Kuramite2.9.2.4Cu3SnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Dufrénoysite3.5.9.3Pb2As2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Baumhauerite3.6.13.1Pb12As16S36
ø = 2
Sartorite3.7.8.1PbAs2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite (TL)57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Guitermanite'-Pb10As6S19 (?)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
OOxygen
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnataseTiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
FFluorine
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
AlAluminium
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
SiSilicon
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S KuramiteCu3SnS4
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S SartoritePbAs2S4
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
S DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
ClChlorine
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu KuramiteCu3SnS4
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As SartoritePbAs2S4
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
As BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
As DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SnTin
Sn KuramiteCu3SnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb SartoritePbAs2S4
Pb BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
Pb DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
UUranium
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene - Eocene
5.333 - 56 Ma



ID: 3190650
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 56 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: San Juan Mountains

Comments: Southern Rocky Mountains

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Oligocene
23.03 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 2813930
Intra-ash flow andesitic lavas

Age: Oligocene (23.03 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., 1992, The Digital Geologic Map of Colorado in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-0507, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{andesite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hillebrand, W.F. (1885) On zunyite and guitermanite, two new minerals from Colorado. Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society 1, 124-131.
Dana 6: 131, 1091.
Dana 7: I: 401.
Rocks & Minerals: 63: 274.
Rocks & Minerals: 71: 95-101.
Holmes, R.W. and Kennedy, M.B. (1983) The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift.


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