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Distaff Mine (Distaff Chloride Mine), Chloride, Chloride Mining District, Wallapai Mining District, Cerbat Mountains (Cerbat Range), Mohave County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Distaff Mine (Distaff Chloride Mine)Mine
ChlorideTown
Chloride Mining DistrictMining District
Wallapai Mining DistrictMining District
Cerbat Mountains (Cerbat Range)Mountain Range
Mohave CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 25' 0'' North , 114° 11' 16'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chloride271 (2011)1.1km
So-Hi477 (2017)18.7km
Dolan Springs2,033 (2011)20.9km
Golden Valley8,370 (2011)21.7km
New Kingman-Butler12,134 (2011)22.0km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Distaff claim; Chester claim


A former Ag-Pb-Cu-Au-Zn-Mo occurrence/mine located in the NE¼NW¼NE¼ sec. 3, T23N, R18W, G&SRM, about ¾ mile east of Chloride and 1 mile NE of Silver Hill, on Bureau of Land Management administered land. The property is comprised of 2 claims (Distaff and Chester - Distaff and Distaff Extension in USGS Bulletin 397). Previous owners and operators include S.C. Vice; Black and Taylor (1941); Huffman and Ray (1937); C.C. Roaselau (1935); Charles Sherman (1921); Phil Smith (1920), and E.G. Patterson. Operated 1901 to 1948. The USGS MRDS database stated accuracy for this locality is 100 meters.

Mineralization is a vein deposit hosted in schist, gneiss and granite. The ore body strikes N-S and dips 90 at a width of 0.91 meter and a length of 1,524 meters. The mineralization is associated with a Late Cretaceous porphyry intrusion. The oxidation zone is 200 to 250 feet deep. Oxidation of sulfides is only partial. Precambrian schistosity strikes N30ºE. Veins, fissures and dikes strike NW to NNW regionally. The vein parallels schistosity of the host rock. Associated rocks include the Neoproterozoic Ithaca Peak granite. Local rocks include Early Proterozoic granitic rocks.

Workings include underground openings with a length of 609.6 meters and an overall depth of 80.77 meters and comprised of a 265 foot shaft with levels at 50, 120, 200, and 250 feet. The shaft connects with a tunnel from the South at the 150 foot level.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Description: Occurs with silver in deeper workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 372; Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, AZ, USGS Bull. 750-B: 17-39.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS file #10102563.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Contributions To Economic Geology,1923-24
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Description: Principal silver mineral with native silver.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 169; Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, AZ, USGS Bull. 750-B: 17-39; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153, Minerals of AZ: 9.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Contributions To Economic Geology,1923-24
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: MRDS file #10102563.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 323; Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, AZ, USGS Bull. 750-B: 17-39.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 335; Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, AZ, USGS Bull. 750-B: 17-39.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Contributions To Economic Geology,1923-24
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Contributions To Economic Geology,1923-24
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: As chunks to several pounds with acanthite in deeper workings.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 169, 372; Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, AZ, USGS Bull. 750-B: 17-39; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153, Minerals of AZ: 9.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Contributions To Economic Geology,1923-24

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag SilverAg
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schrader, F.C. (1909), Mineral deposits of the Cerbat Range, Black Mountains, and the Grand Wash Cliffs, Mohave County, Arizona: USGS Bulletin 397: 60.
University of Arizona Bulletin 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 26.
Weed, W.H. (1918) The Mines Handbook, Vol. XIII: 367.
Willis, C. (1920), Arizona Mining Journal: August, 1920: 13, 31.
Contributions to Economic Geology (1923-1924).
Bastin, E.S. (1924), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, Arizona, USGS Bulletin 750-B: 19-20.
Bastin, E.S. (1925), Origin of certain rich silver ores near Chloride and Kingman, Arizona, USGS Bulletin 750-B: 19-21.
Elsing, M.J. & R.E.S. Heineman (1936), Arizona metal production, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 140: 95.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 153: 9.
Dings, M.G. (1951), The Wallapai Mining District, Cerbat Mountains, Mohave County, Arizona, USGS Bulletin 978-E: 147.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (1970) Preliminary Reconnaissance for Uranium in Mohave County, Arizona, 1952 to 1956, RME-158: 19.
Malach, R. (1977), Mohave County mines, Mohave County Board of Supervisors, Kingman: 19.
Titley, Spencer R. (1982) Advances in Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits: 221-232.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. edition: 169, 323, 335, 372.
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1995), Minerals Availability System/Mineral Industry Location System (MAS/MILS), U.S. Bureau of Mines, file ID #0040150462.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10102563 & 10137809.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR), Distaff Mine file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR), Mohave card file.
Mohave custom mill project card file.
USGS MRDS ID #M004157.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:10102563

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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