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Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USAi
Regional Level Types
Salisbury- not defined -
Litchfield Co.County
ConnecticutState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 57' 23'' North , 73° 28' 18'' West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Bementite ?
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Habit: colloform with concentric layers
Colour: pale yellow-white
Description: Thin colloform crust on goethite with an associated opal-AN-like layer. In Januzzi (1994) the discoverer states, "Recent examination, by way of x-ray and semi-quantitative analysis uncovered a new species for the Scoville Ore Bed in Salisbury, Connecticut; the mineral churchite, a relatively inconspicuous species and confused (no doubt often) with rhabdophane and probably more common than realized. Florencite should be looked for when churchite occurs in a deposit of this type. A hyalite-like mineral evidently forming before churchite lies just beneath it (the specimen is in the author’s collection)-this species is very possibly evansite."
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Habit: botryoidal
Colour: black with blue tint
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sohon, 1951. Connecticut Minerals; Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Habit: radially fibrous masses, stalactitic and spherical concretions, and as incrustations
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press, Danbury: 229.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
'Halloysite' ?
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Lithiophorite ?
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Rhabdophane-(La) (TL)
Formula: La(PO4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: botryoidal to stalagtitic
Colour: brownish to pale yellow-white, pinkish
Reference: Brush, George J. and Samuel L. Penfield. (1883), Scovillite: A New Phosphate of Didymium, Yttrium and other Rare Earths, From Salisbury, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: 25: 459.
Rhabdophane-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(PO4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: botryoidal to stalagtitic
Colour: brownish to pale yellow-white, pinkish
Reference: Brush, George J. and Samuel L. Penfield. (1883), Scovillite: A New Phosphate of Didymium, Yttrium and other Rare Earths, From Salisbury, Connecticut. American Journal of Science: 25: 459.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
'Scapolite'
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: According to Hobbs (1901): "...irregular block-like masses of so-called 'white horse.' The 'white horse' somewhat resembles the dolomite, but has soapy feel and contains 50 per cent or more of ferric oxide. It appears to be a mixture of iron carbonate and talc, and elsewhere in the Salisbury district it has been mined for the iron which it contains. At the surface it weathers to a brown color owing to the hydration of the iron oxide."
Reference: Hobbs, William Herbert. (1907), The Iron Ores of the Salisbury District of Connecticut, New York and Massachusetts. Economic Geology: 2: 153-181.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: According to Hobbs (1901): "...irregular block-like masses of so-called 'white horse.' The 'white horse' somewhat resembles the dolomite, but has soapy feel and contains 50 per cent or more of ferric oxide. It appears to be a mixture of iron carbonate and talc, and elsewhere in the Salisbury district it has been mined for the iron which it contains. At the surface it weathers to a brown color owing to the hydration of the iron oxide."
Reference: Hobbs, William Herbert. (1907), The Iron Ores of the Salisbury District of Connecticut, New York and Massachusetts. Economic Geology: 2: 153-181.
'Turgite'
Description: The ore is goethite, but most old literature calls it "hematite", "brown hematite", "turgite", etc., yet all specimens have a brown streak not a red streak.
Reference: John Betts (www.mindat.org/mesg-7-134775.html)
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite ?4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite ?4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Rhabdophane-(La) (TL)8.CJ.45La(PO4) · H2O
Rhabdophane-(Nd) (TL)8.CJ.45Nd(PO4) · H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Bementite ?9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite' ?9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Scapolite'-
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite ?4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite ?6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Rhabdophane-(La) (TL)40.4.7.2La(PO4) · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite' ?71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Bementite ?78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
Rhabdophane-(Nd) (TL)-Nd(PO4) · H2O
'Scapolite'-
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
P Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
NdNeodymium
Nd Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2O

Localities in this Region

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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