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Portland, Middlesex Co., Connecticut, USAi
Regional Level Types
Portland- not defined -
Middlesex Co.County
ConnecticutState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 34' 22'' North , 72° 38' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Portland5,862 (2017)0.0km
Middletown46,756 (2017)1.4km
Cromwell13,750 (2017)2.5km
Durham2,933 (2017)10.7km
Higganum1,698 (2017)10.9km


Known as "Quarrytown" primarily for the large "brownstone" quarries (aeolian arkosic sandstone of the Portland Formation) near the Connecticut River in the western part town, Portland is also host to the most famous pegmatite quarry in the area - the Strickland Quarry. Coordinates are for the downtown intersection of State Routes 17A and 66 in the west, which is far removed from the pegmatite quarries farther east.

European settlers arrived in the 1690s, attracted to the blocks of brownstone along the riverbank. Originally Portland was part of Middletown and was known as East Middletown. In 1767 it became the separate town of Chatham. In 1841, when it separated from the eastern part of Chatham, it changed its name first to Conway then to Portland (because of the fame of quarries in that English town) (The remainder of Chatham changed its name to East Hampton in 1915.)

The bedrock geology is split between continental sedimentary rocks in the west, part of the Mesozoic Hartford Basin of the Newark Supergroup and mostly metaplutonic, metavolcanic and metasedimentary metamorphic rocks of the Ordovician Bronson Hill terrane in the east. These terranes are separated by the Eastern Border Fault of the Hartford Basin. Much of the Bronson Hill terrane rocks in town are mixed schists, calc-silicate rocks, and minor quartzites of the Collins Hill Formation, and its metavolcanic member, which are present just east of the Eastern Border Fault. Farther east the bedrock is mostly metaplutonic Glastonbury Gneiss, which crops out as far south as Great Hill Pond. A thin sliver of Devonian Maromas Granite Gneiss is also present.

Portland lies within the Middletown Pegmatite District, and a swarm of Permian pegmatite dikes lies just east of the Eastern Border Fault, mostly within the Collins Hill Formation, but some further east in the Glastonbury Gneiss. These were heavily quarried from the north at the Glastonbury town line and just east of State Route 17 (particularly the long-lived Hale Quarry) southward onto Collins Hill, which hosted the famous Strickland Quarry and Cramer Mine, where most of Portland's diverse mineralogy originates. Most pegmatite specimens just labeled "Portland" are likely from there, although the small Walden Gem Mine and Case Quarries produced many specimens also. Sharply formed and deeply colored aquamarines hail from the small Pelton's Quarry. Unquarried pegmatites can still be easily seen along State Route 66 in the Riverdale section just north of the Connecticut River in the area known as "The Ledges".

Regions containing this locality

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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

136 valid minerals. 13 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Habit: anhedral grains to parallel-growth
Colour: white
Description: The typical albite variety in host metamorphic rocks, best crystals are parallel growth habit in Alpine-cleft type openings within the host Collins Hill Formation schist unit, with cubic pyrite, chlorite and tiny anatase crystals.
Reference: Stugard, Frederick, Jr. (1958): Pegmatites of the Middletown Area, Connecticut. USGS Bulletin 1042-Q.
Albite var: Peristerite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
Allanite-(Ce) ?
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Description: Re-identified as montebrasite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: trapezohedra
Colour: white
Description: Very late crystallizing with fluorite and siderite in pockets of K-rich albite and cleavelandite of the inner mineralized zone.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: crude to perfect elongated bipyramidal
Colour: metallic to honey-brown
Description: Tiny micro-crystals <1 mm crudely to perfectly crystalline and appear metallic on the crystal surfaces, broken ones reveal honey-brown, resinous interior. Associated with cubic pyrite and chlorite crystals in spaces between vuggy albite in host schist Alpine-type openings. Schooner (circa 1985) reports: "A micromount of anatase and rutile crystals, associated with adularia, was once collected at the Strickland quarry. Narrow alpine-type veins are encountered in the schist adjoining the pegmatite."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Anglesite ?
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: coating
Colour: gray
Description: Schooner (1955): a thin grayish coating on galena which had been exposed to much weathering on the oldest of the Strickland Quarry dumps. The matrix, in his one good specimen, is a mixture of secondary albite and gray lepidolite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Habit: massive granular
Colour: yellowish
Description: According to Schooner (circa 1985): "Yellowish anorthite is rather common in the calc-silicate assembly [in the host Collins Hill Formation]".
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenolite ?
Formula: As2O3
Habit: powder
Colour: yellowish
Description: Schooner (1955): "as yellowish powdery incrustations on decomposed arsenopyrite at the Strickland Quarry. One rather large mass of the unusual material was taken out of the pegmatite which adjoins the schist in the cut above the main pit. Pyrite is associated, in all the specimens."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Colour: gray
Description: Specimens of metasomatically altered natromontebrasite, collected at the Strickland quarry around 1950 by Charles Thomas, consist of gray augelite crystals intergrown with pink brazilianite, pink hydroxylapatite, and yellow lacroixite. Very little such material was preserved, and most of it was consumed in study at the U.S. Geological Survey. Natromontebrasite was discredited in 2007, being a mixture of montebrasite, lacroixite, and wardite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985) Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Habit: massive granular
Colour: brown
Description: "A striking brown clinopyroxene, with a silky luster, collected at the Strickland quarry, gives an X-ray pattern closer to fassaite than diopside or augite. As learned from similar material, at the railroad cut two miles west, the surficial alteration is a smectite, corroborating the aluminum content. Fassaite also accompanies zoisite, quite abundantly, at ledges immediately west of the Strickland quarry." Schooner (circa 1985).
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Habit: massive granular
Colour: brown
Description: "A striking brown clinopyroxene, with a silky luster, collected at the Strickland quarry, gives an X-ray pattern closer to fassaite than diopside or augite. As learned from similar material, at the railroad cut two miles west, the surficial alteration is a smectite, corroborating the aluminum content. Fassaite also accompanies zoisite, quite abundantly, at ledges immediately west of the Strickland quarry." Schooner (circa 1985).
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: From Richard Schooner collection, now int he Anthony J. Albini collection, personally collected by Richard and analyzed.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Colour: white
Description: In the mineralized core zone.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:595-600
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Habit: massive coatings
Colour: green
Description: Associated with bismuthinite and pyrite with secondary bismite, bismutite (some or all may in fact be bismutoferrite) and goethite staining pegmatite matrix.
Reference: Huff, R. C., R. G. Huff, J. Vajdak. (1996), An Occurrence of Bismutoferrite in Portland, Connecticut. Rocks & Minerals: 71(3): 197.; Vajdak, Josef. (1997), New Mineral Finds in 1996, News from Vajdak of Pequa Rare Minerals and Metals. Mineral News: 13:(3): 1,4,5.
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Habit: hexagonal
Colour: white
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) says: "When the Strickland quarry was last active, the author found a boulder of cleavelandite with a small vug of aggregated lustrous white hexagonal-looking crystals with calcite and a trace of lepidolite. It was many years before the mineral was recognized as being a mica! Its unusual X-ray pattern aroused some curiosity, and it was forwarded to Pete J. Dunn at the Smithsonian. He identified it as bityite, and made an analysis by electron microprobe."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Colour: pink
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) says: "A few masses of Strickland quarry natromontebrasite, from the pollucite zone in the middle eastern wall, halfway down, are composed of intergrown metasomatic or hydrothermal alterations. Pink brazilianite, containing a trace of Mn (analysis by the USGS), is associated with augelite, lacroixite, and hydroxylapatite. This mineral was collected by Charles Thomas, and studied by Mary E. Mrose. Ronald E. Januzzi had earlier collected material, on the old dumps, in which the brazilianite occurs as confused white aggregates, with hydroxylapatite and possibly morinite." Natromontebrasite was discredited in 2007, being a mixture of montebrasite, lacroixite, and wardite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985) Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Thoroughly unreasonable guess.
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press).
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: In the host metamorphic rocks.
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press).
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Cameron, Eugene N. and others. (1954) PEGMATITE INVESTIGATIONS 1942-45 NEW ENGLAND. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 255.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Habit: micro-globular aggregates, masses, pseudomorphs after spodumene
Colour: pale yellow
Description: Typically as tiny spheres of crystal aggregates with K-rich albite, micas, elbaite, quartz, calcite, pyrite, fluorite, and bertrandite in cleavelandite of the mineralized intermediate plagioclase-quartz zone. Rare pseudomorphs of spodumene. Schooner (1955) says: "solid masses of bright yellow fine-grained material. Some pieces were seen to be as much as 4 or 5 inches thick, the mineral having occurred as a lining in a long cavity or series of cavities."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Crandallite ?
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Schooner (1955) reports it "as microscopic crystals associated with bertrandite" found by Gunnar Bjareby. However, he does not mention it in any of his subsequent writings on the area.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Habit: massive, coatings
Description: Associated with bismuthinite and pyrite with secondary bismite, bismutite (some or all may in fact be bismutoferrite) and goethite staining pegmatite matrix.
Reference: Vajdak, Josef. (1997), New Mineral Finds in 1996, News from Vajdak of Pequa Rare Minerals and Metals. Mineral News: 13:(3): 1,4,5.
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: {KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Habit: flakes, coating on altered lithiophilite
Colour: olive green
Description: Schooner (1955): "Little scales of the rare phosphate are seen on a few specimens."
Reference: Schairer, J. F. (1926): Lithiophilite and Other Rare Phosphates from Portland, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 11(4): 101-104.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Rarely occurs with rhodochrosite and other secondary alterations of lithiophilite nodules.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Habit: efflorescence
Description: Schooner (1958): "occurs very sparingly with pickeringite, in efflorescences on protected schist ledges in the cut above the Strickland Quarry. It is distinguished from pickeringite by its different taste… the same as that of artificial Epsom salt."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Euclase ?
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Colour: colorless
Description: Etched, elongated microcrystals with rhombic cross-section and wedge-shaped terminations. With secondary quartz and cookeite coating a pocket quartz.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Description: Speculation by Schooner.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: Reference by Januzzi (1976) to this mineral being found by Schooner in "Portland" correlates only with a report by Schooner (circa 1985) from the Hale Quarry in Portland. Schooner makes no mention if it from Strickland in his various comprehensive publications, especially his last, Schooner (circa 1985).
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press): 234-5.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Habit: radiating
Colour: white
Description: radiating fans of micro crystals in altered lithiophilite, with hureaulite, hydroxylapatite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
'Feldspar Group'
Habit: anhedral to subhedral blocky
Colour: white, tan, pale pink
Description: aka - microcline. A major rock-forming component of the pegmatites, the largest and best crystals terminate in the quartz cores and can reach over 20 cm.
Reference: Cameron, Eugene N., Larrabee David M., McNair, Andrew H., Page, James T., Stewart, Glenn W., and Shainin, Vincent E. (1954), Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England. USGS Professional Paper 255.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Habit: anhedral to subhedral blocky
Colour: white, tan, pale pink
Description: aka - microcline. A major rock-forming component of the pegmatites, the largest and best crystals terminate in the quartz cores and can reach over 20 cm.
Reference: Cameron, Eugene N., Larrabee David M., McNair, Andrew H., Page, James T., Stewart, Glenn W., and Shainin, Vincent E. (1954), Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England. USGS Professional Paper 255.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Description: Grading into elbaite, associated with wodginite, cassiterite, quartz and gobbinsite.
Reference: Jarnot, Bruce M. (2011): Letters: Connecticut Update. Rocks & Minerals: 86(4): 299.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: cleavable masses
Description: Schooner (1955) says: "often been found at the Strickland Quarry by the author. His specimens are mostly of small size, but they show galena in close association with lepidolite, lithiophilite, spodumene, amblygonite albite, manganotantalite, green tourmaline, and yellow sphalerite". In Schooner (circa 1985) he further elaborates: "At the Strickland quarry, little cleavages of galena have often been collected, intimately associated with feldspar or calcite; also in the whole range of lithium minerals, elbaite, spodumene, montebraesite, petalite, and lepidolite; additionally, in the cesium zeolite, pollucite. The largest mass is about an inch in diameter. Occasionally, there are intergrowths of galena with brown sphalerite. In the pollucite zone, a narrow, irregular seam was filled with galena, yielding the odd combinations already cited."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cameron, Eugene N. and others. (1954) PEGMATITE INVESTIGATIONS 1942-45 NEW ENGLAND. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 255.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Habit: tetragonal prisms
Colour: light brown
Description: Tiny crystals in lens-like bodies of calc-silicate rock in the host Collins Hill Formation. Optical and X-ray study by Waldemar T. Schaller at the USGS indicate gehlenite, associated with diopside, grossular, wollastonite, and spurrite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Description: Asociated with foitite grading into elbaite, wodginite, cassiterite, and quartz.
Reference: Jarnot, Bruce M. (2011): Letters: Connecticut Update. Rocks & Minerals: 86(4): 299.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Goslarite ?
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Habit: efflorescence
Colour: white
Description: "A thin coating of white goslarite, with a characteristic sharp taste, was found on the protected bottom of a pegmatite boulder, containing sphalerite and pyrite, on a Strickland quarry dump. Such material is, of course, ephemeral, because of its hydrosoluble nature." (Schooner, circa 1985).
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Graphite
Formula: C
Habit: anhedral
Description: Minor component of the host metamorphic rocks.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Greenockite ?
Formula: CdS
Habit: encrustation
Colour: yellow
Description: Schooner (1955) says it: "was discovered at Collins Hill by the author, about ten years ago. Little was seen, and only one example was collected. The mineral consisted of bright yellow coatings on sphalerite, from the cut above the Strickland Quarry". There is so much else this could be....
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Habit: massive crust
Colour: black
Description: Thick black crust on altered lithiophilite with hureaulite and hydroxylapatite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
'Gummite'
Colour: reddish-orange
Description: Associated with crystallized uraninite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1947): Collins Hill (Portland, Conn.) Deserted. Rocks & Minerals, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 135.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hexahydrite ?
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Description: Discovered by Richard Schooner as an "efflorescence on schist" at an undisclosed Portland location, reported by Januzzi, but details lacking.
Reference: Januzzi, Ronald. (1976): Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
'Hornblende'
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Habit: massive, etched
Colour: red-brown, orange-red to pink
Description: massive, earthy to vitreous, translucent, etched, cellular alteration of lithiophilite, with white hydroxylapatite and sicklerite. Confirmed again in 2014 using Raman spectroscopy, by Paul Bartholomew, U. New Haven.
Reference: Schairer, J. F. (1926): Lithiophilite and Other Rare Phosphates from Portland, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 11(4): 101-104.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Habit: pearly opalescent crust or stubby, rounded hexagons
Colour: white
Description: As white overgrowth on purple fluorapatite as a late crystallization hosted by K-rich albite and as a massive to micro chalky-white crystals and opalescent rind around altered lithiophilite with hureaulite and groutite. Schooner (circa 1985) calls the latter opaline or chalcedonic variety francolite (under the heading for carbonate fluorapatite). Specimens of metasomatically altered montebrasite, collected at the Strickland quarry around 1950 by Charles Thomas, consist of gray augelite crystals intergrown with pink brazilianite, pink hydroxylapatite, and yellow lacroixite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Harold Moritz collection. Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf) listed as just "apatite".
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Habit: microscopic chisel-shaped
Colour: colorless
Description: Very fine grained granular alteration of beryl (with moraesite) with tiny, chisel-like clear crystals in tiny voids.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:443-449
Ishikawaite
Formula: U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Habit: tabular
Colour: black with brown coating
Description: metamict crystals with obsidian-like conchoidal fracture
Reference: Hanson, S., Jarnot, B. M., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., and Nizamoff, J. W., 2003, Nb-Ta-Ti Oxide Minerals from Two Pegmatites of the Middletown Area, Connecticut, Program with Abstracts, v.30, p. 11.; Hanson, S. L., Jarnot, B. M., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Nizamoff, J. W.: (2003) "Nb-Ta-Ti Oxide Minerals from Two Pegmatites of the Middletown Area, Connecticut," Rochester Mineral Symposium Abstracts, p. 11-12.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour: white
Description: chalky masses, in association with calcite and pyrite
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Former Ronald Januzzi collection
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Colour: creamy
Description: Microcrystals in voids in amphibolite with tremolite.
Reference: Former Ronald Januzzi collection
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Habit: granular
Colour: pale yellow
Description: From Schooner (circa 1985): "Mary E. Mrose [USGS] studied some exceptional material collected at the Strickland quarry by Charles Thomas, when the last sporadic work was done in the non-flooded pit. Lacroixite formed rather granular pale yellow areas in a mixture of augelite, brazilianite, and hydroxylapatite (?), replacing natromontebrasite. Her paper redefined the species, which had been in question." Natromontebrasite was discredited in 2007, being a mixture of montebrasite, lacroixite, and wardite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard (circa 1985) Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf).
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Colour: grayish
Description: Schooner (circa 1985): "One of the calc-silicate pods at the Strickland quarry contained the usual fine-grained diopside, grossularite, and wollastonite, with the addition of a 1/2 inch zone of grayish cleavable larnite, giving a distinct X-ray pattern." Studied by Waldemar T. Schaller of USGS.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
'Lepidolite'
Liandratite
Formula: U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Habit: massive
Colour: yellow
Description: Associated with petscheckite and columbite.
Reference: Personal collection of Fred E Davis, and EDS analysis
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Habit: tabular microcrystals
Colour: iridescent
Description: Some beautifully developed crystals have come from the Strickland Quarry, including small brilliant ones in granular lepidolite (Schooner, 1961). A few years ago, some tiny iridescent tabular crystals were noted in specimens of coarsely granular golden-brown zinnwaldite from the Strickland quarry. X-ray study indicates they are loellingite (Schooner. circa 1985).
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1961): The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Habit: acicular masses
Colour: dark green
Description: Crystalline masses matching the description of "actinolite" by Schooner with grossular and rutile, part of a calc-silicate assemblage in the Collins Hill Formation hosting the pegmatite. Identified by TEM-EDS in 2016.
Reference: Eric Quinter collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Masutomilite
Formula: (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Habit: alteration
Colour: yellow-green
Description: Rare coating on altered lithiophilite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Habit: Acicular, encrustations
Colour: white
Description: Merged sprays of acicular crystals forming a white crust on massive beryl, with hydroxylherderite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Morinite ?
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Description: Unconfirmed. According to Schooner (circa 1985): "A few masses of Strickland quarry natromontebraesite, from the pollucite zone in the middle eastern wall, halfway down, are composed of intergrown metasomatic or hydrothermal alterations. Pink brazilianite, containing a trace of Mn (analysis by the USGS), is associated with augelite, lacroixite, and hydroxylapatite. This mineral was collected by Charles Thomas, and studied by Mary E. Mrose [USGS]. Ronald E. Januzzi had earlier collected material, on the old dumps, in which the brazilianite occurs as confused white aggregates, with hydroxylapatite and possibly morinite."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Schernikite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: parallel-growth fibers with rhombic section
Colour: lavender to pink
Description: Typically as overgrowths on muscovite, or as micro-crystals in vugs with K-rich albite, cookeite, bertrandite, elbaite, etc. Similar to, but not as well developed, as the overgrowths found at the Gillette Quarry.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Description: Reference contains only a list with no details, and natrolite is questioned in the reference. Very unlikely.
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press)
'Natromontebrasite'
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) reports: "A few years ago, John Gillespie did a spectrographic analysis on a sample submitted by the author, finding much Na and hardly any Li. It is quite possible that natromontebrasite was fairly common... A few masses of Strickland quarry natromontebrasite, from the pollucite zone in the middle eastern wall, halfway down, are composed of intergrown metasomatic or hydrothermal alterations. Pink brazilianite, containing a trace of Mn (analysis by the USGS), is associated with augelite, lacroixite, and hydroxylapatite. This mineral was collected by Charles Thomas, and studied by Mary E. Mrose [USGS]." This mineral was discredited in 2007 as a mixture of montebrasite, lacroixite and wardite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985) Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/lacroixite.pdf)
Natrophilite
Formula: NaMn2+PO4
Habit: elongated subhedral grains
Colour: light yellow
Description: Subhedral, glassy, elongated grains embedded in lithiophilite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Parsonsite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Habit: alteration of uraninite
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) reports: "A soft uraninite alteration, on a Wesleyan University sample from the Strickland quarry, gave the X-ray pattern of parsonsite. The available material was consumed in testing."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Habit: granular to cleavable masses
Colour: pale grey to white
Description: Schooner (1958) says: "sparingly associated with the pollucite which the author discovered at the Strickland Quarry in Portland in l954. It was in the form of glassy white or colorless cleavages and coarsely crystalline aggregates." Later, in Schooner (circa 1985), he elaborates: "Good specimens of white petalite, closely associated with colorless pollucite, were collected deep in the Strickland quarry, in the early 1950s. The author appears to have the only such material. It is usually granular, so the perfect cleavage is not as conspicuous as might be expected. The petalite was verified by X-ray diffraction. Similar petalite has been found on the dumps, intergrown with spodumene; the spodumene may be thoroughly altered to 'pinite', whereas the petalite, being much more stable, is in a fresh condition."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Petscheckite ?
Formula: UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Habit: massive
Colour: black
Description: Glassy metamict material associated with liandratite and columbite. Data required to substantiate this entry.
Reference: Found by Fred Davis
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Habit: striated, slightly etched elongated prisms
Colour: colorless
Description: Clear crystals to 3 mm in vug in cleavalandite with K-rich albite, bertrandite to 5 mm, quartz and goethite after pyrite.
Reference: Robinson, George W. and Vandall T. King. (1988), What's New in Minerals? Mineralogical Record: 19(5): 332.; specimen observations by Harold Moritz.
Phlogopite ?
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: micaceous
Colour: dark brown
Description: Schooner (1958) speculates that the brown mica in the calc-silicate units in the host Collins Hill Formation is dravite. In Schooner (circa 1985) he writes that "blocks of intergrown dravite and phlogopite have been collected; they came from the pegmatite near its contact with schist". In both cases, analytical data are lacking.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Pinite'
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) writes that "A Boston Mineral Club list of Strickland quarry minerals, dating from about 1940, describes planerite as green crusts on fractured quartz. Several pieces of that material, resembling variscite, were collected at the time; unfortunately, none is now available for study."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Habit: encrustation
Colour: purple
Description: Rare alteration of lithiophilite. Parent lithiophilite has Mn/Mn + Fe = 0.97 (Moore, 2000).
Reference: Moore, P. B. (2000): Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine: 333-336.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Habit: scepters
Colour: purple
Description: As scepter overgrowths on pocket milky quartz crystals.
Reference: Alfred Patrie collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Colour: white
Fluorescence: pale yellow-white
Description: filling fractures in pollucite masses. As "snowflake" inclusions in pollucite.
Reference: Seaman (1963) : THE WALDEN GEM MINE. Rocks and Minerals, Vol. 38, Nos. 7-8, Whole No. 295, July-August, p. 355-62.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Description: Schooner (1958): "Citrine, of fine gem quality, was formerly found at the Strickland Quarry, and a few stones were facetted from it... evidently the “topaz” which some people say was taken from there."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reddingite ?
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Habit: micro-crystals
Colour: dark red
Description: Rare micro-crystals in altered lithiophilite may be this typical alteration product (Schooner, circa 1985).
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Description: Turned out to be lithiophilite.
Reference: Foye, Wilbur G. (1919): A New Occurrence of Rhodonite. American Mineralogist: 4(10): 124.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: massive
Colour: very dark red-brown
Description: Massive grains in almandine coticule found in the host metamorphic rocks around the pegmatite. Micro grains as an accessory in these rock. Raman spectroscopy confirmation by Paul Bartholomew, U. New Haven. Also small crystalline masses scattered in magnesio-hornblende and grossular calc-silicate rock from the host Collins Hill Formation.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Habit: tiny grains
Fluorescence: bright bue-white
Description: Schooner says he found it as tiny fluorescing specks in granular orange-fluorescing "wollastonite" with very tough quartz in the schist which adjoined the pegmatite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Habit: encrustation
Colour: green
Description: Schooner (1955) says "a small piece of badly weathered arsenopyrite had a bright green coating of the mineral".
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Habit: crusts
Colour: brown
Description: Thin brown crust on altered lithiophilite with hureaulite and hydroxylapatite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Habit: curved rhombohedra
Colour: tan
Description: Microscopic crystals with fluorite and analcime, SEM-EDS analysis shows some Mn impurity. This is consistent with Schooner's claim that rhodochrosite from altered lithiophilite grades into siderite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955), 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Harold Moritz collection
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:351-358
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Colour: bluish-gray
Description: Schooner (circa 1985): "In some of the wollastonite pods at the Strickland quarry, bluish-gray spurrite occurs as very thin layers with grossularite and larnite. X-ray confirmation was obtained from a number of samples. Spurrite also is mixed with the granular wollastonite and its embedded minute gehlenite crystals; only X-ray peaks revealed its presence in that material." Studied by Waldemar T. Schaller of USGS.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stewartite ?
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour: pale yellow
Description: According to Schooner (circa 1985) occurs as tiny yellow crystals in altered hureaulite. Specimens of hureaulite from the dump bulldozed in 1984 show small areas of a yellow alteration, possibly stewartite. So far an SEM-EDS analysis (2017) of yellow grains in lithiophilite have proven to be natrophilite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Habit: elongated tabular micro-crystals
Colour: yellow
Reference: Anthony Albini collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Description: Bruce Jarnot did find and confirm tapiolite from the Hale Quarry. There were two specimens, one a complex crystal group (about 0.5 inches) and the other a similar size group that had altered 50% to pyrochlore. It resembled a hard yellow marble that, when split, showed the remains of tapiolite xls in the center. The IDs were made by EDX (element ratios) and X-ray unit crystal pattern.
Reference: Jarnot, Bruce M. (1989): Minerals New to the Portland Area Pegmatites of Central Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals, Volume 64 (Nov.-Dec.), p. 471.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Colour: pale yellow
Description: Specimen in the collection of Andrew Kruegel identified by SEM-EDS.
Reference: Specimen in collection of Andrew Kruegel
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Habit: unterminated, elongated prisms
Colour: pink core, pale green rims
Description: In the mineralized core zone.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:443-449
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: needles
Colour: white
Description: Microcrystals in voids in amphibolite with adularia.
Reference: Former Ronald Januzzi collection
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Foye (1922); Zodac (1941) Rocks & Min.: 16: 164-167.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Habit: irregular massive nodules
Colour: red-brown
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) reports: "Rich specimens, some dark red, garnet-like, with a conchoidal fracture, up to an inch across, were collected by the author on the old dump bulldozed in 1984. X-ray study confirmed the identity. Some of the triplite is altered to hureaulite, occurring as vugs of tiny crystals. It may be surrounded by white or tan fluorapatite, very fine-grained."
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 667, 851.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Description: Specimen in Andrew Kruegel collection identified by SEM-EDS.
Reference: Specimen in collection of Andrew Kruegel
Vesuvianite ?
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Colour: brown
Description: Possible component of the calc-silicate units in the host Collins Hill Formation. A single tiny brown potential vesuvianite crystal was noted on a wollastonite(?) specimen.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Vivianite ?
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Habit: thin film
Colour: blue
Description: Reported as thin blue films on weathered lithiophilite. This is unlikely given the absence of Fe in that mineral here. Lithiophilite is commonly associated with blue elbaite here, which could be mistaken for vivianite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Description: Schooner (circa 1985) reports that "Wardite and wavellite occurred in a fine-grained replacement of natromontebrasite from the Strickland quarry. The rest of the sample was quartz. X-ray study revealed their existence." Natromontebrasite was discredited in 2007 as a mixture of wardite, montebrasite and lacroixite, which were all documented here by the study Schooner mentions.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Habit: granular, bladed
Colour: white
Fluorescence: orange
Description: Found by Schooner in 1953 and 1954, and reported in Schooner (1955): "It is pure white in color, and granular massive in form. Fairly large pieces were obtained from the cores of lenticular quartz-actinolite-grossularite-diopside "horses" [pods] in biotite schist, from near the pegmatite. The mineral is photosensitive, turning brown and ugly if exposed to sunlight for very long. It is faintly fluorescent, in a pale orange tint, and strongly phosphorescent, in a brighter shade of the same color, under short-wave ultra-violet radiations". In Schooner (1958) there is more information: "W. T. Schaller, of the U. S. Geological Survey, made an optical study of this wollastonite, to determine its manganese content through a correlation with the refractive index…which was 1.632, indicating about one percent of iron and manganese oxides." Followed by this passage in Schooner (circa 1985): "Waldemar T. Schaller studied samples submitted by the author. The wollastonite, with tiny embedded tan gehlenite crystals, and occasional light yellow crystals of grossularite, occupies the centers of a few pods, surrounded by concentric zones of fine-grained tan grossularite, white quartz, and greenish diopside. Spurrite, larnite, vesuvianite, and calcite are rarely associated. Spurrite may, indeed, be mixed, granularly, with wollastonite. Small bladed crystals of wollastonite are seen on a few specimens."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Speculation by Schooner.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Wurtzite var: Voltzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Speculation by Schooner.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Xenotime-(Y) ?
Formula: Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'
Habit: micaceous
Colour: golden-brown, purplish-grey
Description: Found in the cleavelandite-quartz intermediate zone. Schooner (circa 1985) reports that "X-ray and spectrographic study, quite recently, have identified rich specimens, consisting of coarse golden-brown aggregates with zoned elbaite-schorl tourmaline. It can also be purplish-gray."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite ?2.CB.45CdS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wurtzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
var: Voltzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite ?4.CB.50As2O3
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y) ?4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ishikawaite4.DB.25U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Liandratite4.DH.35U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite ?4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Petscheckite ?4.DH.35UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite ?7.AD.35PbSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Goslarite ?7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite ?7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite ?8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Crandallite ?8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)8.BF.05{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lacroixite8.BH.10NaAl(PO4)F
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moraesite8.DA.05Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Morinite ?8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Natrophilite8.AB.10NaMn2+PO4
Parsonsite8.EA.10Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Planerite ?8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Reddingite ?8.CC.05(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Scorodite ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stewartite ?8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Vivianite ?8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Xenotime-(Y) ?8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce) ?9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismutoferrite9.ED.25Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Chrysotile ?9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase ?9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite ?9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gobbinsite9.GC.05Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Masutomilite9.EC.20(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Schernikite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite ?9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite ?9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Rhodonite ?9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Spurrite9.AH.15Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite ?9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Monazite'-
'Natromontebrasite'-
'Pinite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite' ?-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite ?2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite ?2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
1 < ø < 2
Cuprobismutite3.8.2.1Cu8AgBi13S24
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite ?4.3.9.1As2O3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Manganite ?6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ishikawaite8.1.4.1U4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Liandratite8.1.9.1U(Nb,Ta)2O8
Petscheckite ?8.1.9.2UFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y) ?8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite ?28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite ?29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite ?29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Natrophilite38.1.1.3NaMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Parsonsite40.2a.31.1Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Reddingite ?40.3.2.3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Vivianite ?40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite ?41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Lacroixite41.5.5.1NaAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
'Natromontebrasite'41.5.8.3
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)41.7.2.2{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Morinite ?42.4.2.1NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Moraesite42.6.1.1Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite ?42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite ?42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Stewartite ?42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite ?51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase ?52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (CO3)
Spurrite53.1.1.1Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce) ?58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite ?58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite ?65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Bismutoferrite71.1.3.1Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Chrysotile ?71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Masutomilite71.2.2b.12(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite ?71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gobbinsite77.1.3.4Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Natrolite ?77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Schernikite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pinite'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite' ?-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wurtzite
var: Voltzite ?
-(Zn,Fe)S
Xenotime-(Y) ?-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
H ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O QuartzSiO2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
O ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O AnataseTiO2
O Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
O BismiteBi2O3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
F Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Na Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Na NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
P ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
P Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SulphurS8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GreenockiteCdS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
K Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MnManganese
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mn Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
Mn Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CuCopper
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24
ThThorium
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
U LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jarnot, Bruce. (1989): Minerals New to the Portland Area Pegmatites of Central Connecticut. Abstract from the 16th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium April 7, 1989, in Rocks and Minerals, Vol. 64, No. 12, p. 471.

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