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Salt Lake Crater (Aliapaakai), Oahu, Honolulu Co., Hawaii, USAi
Regional Level Types
Salt Lake Crater (Aliapaakai)Crater
OahuIsland
Honolulu Co.County
HawaiiState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 21' 18'' North , 157° 54' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 21.35524,-157.90739
GeoHash:G#: 87z9qxx77
Locality type:Crater
Köppen climate type:As : Tropical dry savanna climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hālawa Heights13,408 (2013)2.7km
Hālawa14,014 (2011)3.1km
‘Aiea9,338 (2011)4.0km
Hickam Field6,920 (2015)5.7km
Waimalu13,730 (2011)6.6km


In palagonite tuffs, in the cement of pyroclastics or replacing plant stems.
Volcanic bombs composed of nepheline basalts, dunite, peridotite and garnet-rich peridotite can be found included in the tuff from the upper mantle.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 65; Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947); American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384.; Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
'Chabazite'
Habit: rhombohedra to 0.8mm across
Colour: colorless
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.114; American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
'Faujasite'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World.; American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Lithos Volume 21, Issue 1, January 1988, Pages 67-80
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384.; Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947); Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
'Gismondine'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World.
Hastingsite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
Ilmenite ?
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947); Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947); Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World.; American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite ?4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Gismondine'9..
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Hastingsite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite ?4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Chabazite'-
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
OOxygen
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NaSodium
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 2338740
Open water

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Sherrod, D.R., J.M. Sinton, S.E. Watkins, K.M. Brunt. Geologic Map of the State of Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey. [48]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3186622
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Comments: Hawaiian Chain

Lithology: Shield volcano(s); mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Geological Society of America Bulletin (1947): 58: 1-48.
White, A.J.R. (1964) Clinopyroxenes from eclogites and basic granulites. American Mineralogist: 49: 883-888.
American Mineralogist (1969).
Journal of Petrology (1975) Volume 16, 134-153.
Geology (1988): 16(1) (January): 69-72.
Lithos (1988): 21(1) (January): 67-80.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, 65, 114.


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