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Podgórze mine, Podgórze, Kowary (Schmiedeberg im Riesengebirge), Jelenia Góra County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Polandi
Regional Level Types
Podgórze mineMine (Inactive)
PodgórzeMine
Kowary (Schmiedeberg im Riesengebirge)- not defined -
Jelenia Góra CountyCounty
Lower Silesian VoivodeshipVoivodeship
PolandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 45' 33'' North , 15° 50' 24'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2020
Deposit first discovered:
1925
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kowary11,834 (2010)3.8km
Karpacz4,979 (2011)6.2km
Opawa377 (2010)7.7km
Mysłakowice5,100 (2016)10.1km
Pec pod Sněžkou608 (2018)10.5km


Localized in Mt. Średniak.

Very rich mining history concerns both the uranium mine and other mines within Podgórze, that is now a district within the town of Kowary.

The mine is now inactive but "Kopalnia Podgórze" offers rich sights.

From the "Kopalnia Podgórze" data:

In 1925, uranium ores were detected in Kowary. The former Soviet Union began initial exploitation in 1948. After giving it back to Poland (the "Podgórze" mine was constructed in 1950), the mine was transformed into "Zakłady Przemysłowe R-1" (a kind of industrial works). The exploitation finally ceased in 1958 when the "Podgórze" mine was closed. However, then (1966) uranium concentrates began to be produced in the area - an activity lasting till 1972. "Zakłady Górnicze Kowary-Podgórze" were existing till 1993.

In the meantime, there were two other kinds of activities related to the mine:

- Underground Radon Inhalatory (constructed in 1969 and lastiing till ~1991-1993; then re-opened in 2002 and still active), with numerous medical applications of the uranium-ore-derived radon emanations - a very unique site

- sightseeing (since 2014 in the "Kopalnia Podgórze" case, although sightseeing in this area is known from ~2000), with rich offer

Adits:

- 9: exploratory & initial exploration adit; now part of the sights
- 9a: related to exploratory & initial mining activity of the late '70 and early '80
- 19a: a transport adit, built in 1956, now part of the sights
- 16, with a related heap
- 17, with a related heap
- 18, with a related heap
- 19, with large heap related; built in 1951

The mine is spatially related to the Liczyrzepa (formerly known as Rübezahl) mine which was initially related with fluorite and Cu-Ag mining.

Geology: metamorphic rocks (mainly granite-gneisses and gneisses, with micaceous schists and rare amphibolite schists inserted), ca. 2.5 km S from their contact with the Karkonosze granite. Uranium mineralization deposition is tectonically driven and is either found in a cemented tectonic breccia or as impregnations on shales. The main ore, that is the "pitchblende" variety of uraninite, forms lenses (up to 2 cm thick) in calcite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Galena ?
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Schröckingerite ?
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp. Łukasz Kruszewski (pers. comm., to be updated; pXRF & visual identification)

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena ?2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var. Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Schröckingerite ?5.EG.05NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Uranospinite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena ?2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Schröckingerite ?17.1.5.1NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Uranospinite40.2a.2.1Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Uraninite
var. Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
H SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
O Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O UraniniteUO2
O SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
NaSodium
Na SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
S GalenaPbS
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
U Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
U UraniniteUO2
U SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
"Kopalnia Podgórze", http://www.kopalniapodgorze.pl/
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986): Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
Siuda R., Kruszewski Ł. and Borzęcki R. 2008: Uranospinite from abandoned Podgórze uranium mine in Kowary (The Karkonosze Mts, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, 143

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Czech Republic/Germany/Poland
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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