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Bolton Lime Quarries (Bolton Quarry; Whitcomb Quarry; Hildreth Quarry), Bolton, Worcester Co., Massachusetts, USAi
Regional Level Types
Bolton Lime Quarries (Bolton Quarry; Whitcomb Quarry; Hildreth Quarry)Group of Quarries
Bolton- not defined -
Worcester Co.County
MassachusettsState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 26' 18'' North , 71° 33' 58'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Quarries
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bolton4,220 (2017)3.5km
Stow6,005 (2017)5.0km
Hudson14,907 (2017)5.2km
Boxborough4,996 (2018)6.6km
Harvard6,085 (2017)7.0km


The Bolton locality consists of two limestone (marble) quarries about 1/8 mile apart, and a lime kiln and dumps in between the quarries. John Whitcomb (1712-1785) is believed to have been the first to work the deposit sometime in the 1730s. The north and larger quarry was known as the Whitcomb quarry. The south quarry was called the Hildreth Quarry. The Whitcomb quarry was operated until the 1860s and reopened briefly in 1937 for 2-3 years.

The quarries are in a limestone (marble) unit enclosed in gneiss. According to Emerson (1917): "Where gneiss is in contact with limestone in the quarries at Bolton a layer of black porphyritic diorite 3 or 4 feet thick is commonly next to the limestone. Where this diorite or the fine biotite granite in the gneiss touches the limestone the layer next to it is in some places composed of vein quartz, but ordinarily it is a thick sheet of scapolite rock, in one place 16 feet thick. Next comes a light green pyroxene hornblende layer and next a layer of boltonite [forsterite] limestone grading into the pure phlogopite limestone."

Hansen (1956) provides a good description of the Whitcomb Quarry:
"In 1939, when the marble was being actively quarried and the zonal arrangement was well displayed, G. L. Richmond (unpublished report, 1939) examined the deposit and noted the following general relationships : Next to the gneiss is a scapolite zone that contains chiefly scapolite, quartz, apatite, and sphene. This zone grades into a diopside zone that contains diopside, actinolite, tremolite, apatite, and sphene. A boltonite zone follows containing boltonite, chondrodite, serpentine, and spinel; this zone grades into marble containing phlogopite, allanite, graphite, and garnet. Richmond believes the pegmatite invasion was of two main stages. The first solutions that were introduced, he believes, precipitated quartz-lean biotite-andesine pegmatite and produced diopside, boltonite, and chondrodite by reaction with the marble. Actinolite and tremolite were deposited shortly after diopside. Chlorine later was introduced and through reaction with the andesine produced scapolite. Probably at this time sphene and apatite also formed. Finally, as the solutions weakened and the newly formed contact zones could no longer be penetrated, silica was deposited as vein quartz."

Part of the notoriety of the locality lies not just in its unusual minerals, including what were thought to be new species, nuttalite and boltonite. Palache (1923) was one of the best reviewers of the locality and he addressed the problem of typical granite pegmatite minerals reported there: "There is an abundance of coarse granite pegmatite boulders in the immediate neighborhood of the quarry but the rock could not be discovered in place. ... Petalite has long been recorded as occurring at Bolton and Dana gives an analysis of this mineral from there [Bolton]. Many specimens labeled petalite were examined in both collections [Harvard and Boston Society of Natural History] studied but none of them proved to be correctly identified. They included platy diopside, microcline, scapolite, and especially a fine grained form of partially altered massive scapolite mixed with calcite. It seems probable that the petalite originally found here was from an erratic similar to the spodumene boulder found in Sterling, Massachusetts."

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


39 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: "The first discovery of this rare mineral in the United States was by Dr. Jackson, in the limestone at Bolton, Mass., accompanying petalite. It has since been found by Prof. Hitchcock at Athol, Mass., occurring in gneiss. The prisms are rarely two inches long and a quarter of an inch thick, truncated upon the lateral edges, so as in fact to become six-sided prisms; but they present no distinct terminations. The fracture is resinous, and all the external characters of the mineral correspond with Allanite from Greenland." - William Phillips, Robert Allan, Francis Alger (1844). An Elementary Treatise on Mineralogy, p.418.
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597);Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Silliman, Benjamin (1849). Descriptions and Analysis of Several American Minerals (Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 35:450-465.)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. (1917). Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island (USGS Bulletin 597)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Harvard Mineralogical Museum no.130909.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection, 2017
Fluorite ?
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. (1917). Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island (USGS Bulletin 597)
Fluorite var: Yttrocerite
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Description: Properly identified yttrocerite contains some yttria. However, a common practice in the nineteenth century was to call all dark purple fluorite by the name "yttrocerite". No chemical analyses of this mineral are known from Bolton and it is uncertain if it were found in the marble or in pegmatite float boulders and the name seems to be incorrectly used.
Reference: Hitchcock, Edward (1835). Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, pp. 308-311.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Boltonite was once thought to be a new mineral but it was later proven to be forsterite. Hitchock (1835), p.309: "At Bolton, also, a new mineral has been discovered, which Dr. Thomson has denominated from its chemical composition, Bilsilicate of Magnesia; and Mr. Shephard, with reference to its locality, calls it Boltonite. It occurs in foliated masses in the limestone."
Reference: Yale Peabody Museum #580, #677, #3263
'Gadolinite'
Description: Gadolinite is a mineral characteristic of rare-earth rich granite pegmatites or alpine veins. No data have been published on the identification and efforts to locate any example, verified or not have been fruitless. The mineral may have been found in erratic pegmatite boulders, but certainly not in the marble.
Reference: Hitchcock, Edward (1835). Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, p.309: "Tremolite, also, is said to occur there in fibrous masses: also gadolinite, according to Professor Webster."
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Grossular ?
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Habit: crystals
Colour: brown
Reference: P Cristofono collection
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Habit: Dana (1854), p. 441: "indistinctly fibrous masses, traversing the limestone."
Reference: Dana, James D., 1854. A System of Mineralogy, 4th edition, pp. 441, 480.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Sherriff, Barbara et al. (2000). Meionite: Rietveld Structure-Refinement 29Si MAS AND 27Al SATRAS NMR Spectroscopy, and Comments on the Marialite-Meionite Series. (Canadian Mineralogist 38:1201-1213.
Meionite var: Nuttallite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Brooke, H. J. (1824): On the Nuttallite, a new Mineral from Bolton, in Massachusetts (Annals of Philosophy 7:366).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sherriff, Barbara et al. (2000). Meionite: Rietveld Structure-Refinement 29Si MAS AND 27Al SATRAS NMR Spectroscopy, and Comments on the Marialite-Meionite Series. (Canadian Mineralogist 38:1201-1213.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Habit: coatings
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Habit: coatings
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Fluorescence: blue
Description: Palache (1923) says that it is probable that the petalite reported by Dana was found in an erratic boulder, and not the quarry proper. Petalite was commonly reported in New England in the nineteenth century and into the twentieth. An unverified petalite specimen from this locality (YPM 6887) is in the Yale Peabody Museum. This locality is an unbelievable report from a marble! See Bolton Pegmatite Float Boulder Occurrence. Records for Yale Peabody Museum specimen YPM MIN026887 only specify Bolton, Mass. for the locality; no reference is made to "Bolton Limestone quarry." The specimen is labeled as an A. E. Foote specimen, and was donated to the museum in 1957.
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597; Yale Peabody Museum specimen # 6887.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hansen, Wallace R. (1956). Geology and mineral resources of the Hudson and Maynard quadrangles, Massachusetts, USGS Bulletin 1038.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: small prisms
Description: Dana, J. D. (1839): " The scapolite...contains, also, exceedingly minute zircons, scarcely 1/40 inch long, and also very small prisms of rutile."
Reference: Palache, 1923. The Scapolite Deposit of Bolton Massachusetts (AmMin 8:153-157)
'Scapolite'
Description: "C.T. Jackson found 1.58 pr. cnt. lithia and 2 pr. cnt. oxides of cerium and lanthanum in the pink skapolite [sic], from Bolton, Massachusetts; but C. Hartshorne found neiher of these constituents in that mineral from the same locality." -- Booth, James C. (1862). The Enclopedia of Chemistry, Practical and Theoretical, 2nd ed.
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Fluorescence: pink
Description: A "pink cut stone, one polished specimen" listed in Kunz (1889).
Reference: Kunz, G. F. (1889). A Catalogue of a Collection of Precious and Ornamental Stones of North America Exhibited at the Paris Exhibtion, 1889 (Tiffany & Co., New York)p.26.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Habit: micaceous
Colour: gray
Description: Originally and informally introduced as a new mineral name later identified as vermiculite-related phyllosilicate. See Clark (1993), Hey's Mineral Index, third edition, p. 92.
Reference: Dake, H. C., 1941, [Brodrickite], The Mineralogist, v. 9, p. 443.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Habit: Dana, J. D. (1839): The zircons are square prisms, having the lateral edges truncated, and pyramidally terminated at each extremity..."
Description: Dana, J. D. (1839): " The scapolite...contains, also, exceedingly minute zircons, scarcely 1/40 inch long, and also very small prisms of rutile."
Reference: Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 8:153-157)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite ?3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrocerite ?3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular ?9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
var: Nuttallite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Gadolinite' ?-
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite ?9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular ?51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fluorite
var: Yttrocerite ?
-(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
'Gadolinite' ?-
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
var: Nuttallite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Meionite (var: Nuttallite)Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
OOxygen
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O RutileTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Meionite (var: Nuttallite)Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
NaSodium
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Meionite (var: Nuttallite)Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Meionite (var: Nuttallite)Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Meionite (var: Nuttallite)Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
CeCerium
Ce Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Morse, Jedidiah (1797): The American Gazetteer, Boston: Hall, Thomas, and Andrews.
De Alcedo, Antonio; George Alexander Thompson, Aaron Arrowsmith (1812): The Geographical and Historical Dictionary of America and the West Indies, London: James Carpenter, p. 173.
Meade, William (1823). Localities of minerals, American Journal of Science and Arts: 7: 49-54.
Brooke, H. J. (1824): On the Nuttallite, a new Mineral from Bolton, in Massachusetts, Annals of Philosophy: 7: 366. [Nuttallite was named for T. Nuttall, who brought the mineral to England.]
Robinson, Samuel (1825). A Catalogue of American Minerals, With Their Localities: 37-38.
Thomson, Thomas (1827). Chemical Examination of Some Minerals, Chiefly from America, in: Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History: 3: 1837.
Shepard, C. U. (1832). Boltonite. Treatise on Mineralogy, Part 2, Volume 1, pp 78-79.
Hitchcock, Edward (1835). Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, pp. 308-311.
Dana, James Dwight (1839). Supposed new mineral at Bolton, Massachusetts, American Journal of Science and Arts: 35: 178-179.
Jackson, Charles T. (1844). Analysis of Pink Scapolite and Cerium Ochre, from Bolton, Massachusetts, Boston Journal of Natural History: 4: 504.
Jackson, Charles T. (1844). Description and analysis of the pink Scapolite of Bolton, Massachusetts, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History: 19: 167-168.
Phillips, William, Allan, Robert, Alger, Francis (1844). An Elementary Treatise on Mineralogy, p.418.
Silliman, Benjamin (1849). Descriptions and Analysis of Several American Minerals, Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 35: 450-465.
Brush, George J. (1858). On Boltonite, American Journal of Science: 27: 395-398.
Emerson, B.K. (1917). Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, USGS Bulletin 597.
Palache, C. and Pinger, A. W. (1923). The scapolite deposit of Bolton, Massachusetts, American Mineralogist: 8: 153-157.
Heinrich, E. W., and Levinson, A. A. (1953). Studies in the mica group; Mineralogy of the rose muscovites, American Mineralogist: 38: 25-49.
Hansen, Wallace R. (1956). Geology and mineral resources of the Hudson and Maynard quadrangles, Massachusetts, USGS Bulletin 1038.
Bjareby, Gunnar (1962): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part V., Rocks & Minerals: 37: 565-568.
Cook, L. P. (1974). Metamorphic Rocks of the Nashoba Formation, Eastern Massachusetts, PhD Thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts.
Whitcomb, Esther Kimmon (1988). About Bolton, Heritage Books, Inc., Bowie, Maryland.
Sherriff, Barbara et al. (2000). Meionite: Rietveld Structure-Refinement 29Si MAS AND 27Al SATRAS NMR Spectroscopy, and Comments on the Marialite-Meionite Series, Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1201-1213.

External Links

http://www.townofbolton.com/pages/BoltonMA_HistComm/surveys/quarry Bolton Historical Commission (1998): Whitcomb Lime Quarry

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