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Barrus farm pegmatite localities (Weeks farm), Goshen, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA

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Key
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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 20' 24'' North , 72° 39' 49'' West (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Granite pegmatite. Berkshire pegmatite field. (This list also covers Rood Ledge, Taylor Ledge, Manning Ledge, and Lilly Pond Ledges, which are located in the same general area.)

Type location for goshenite (C. U. Shepard, 1844), now a colorless or white variety of beryl. Originally, goshenite was cloudy pale pink beryl, but the scarcity of pink beryl at the locality resulted in the name being transfered to the ordinary white beryl that was reasonably available at the locality.

Granite pegmatite occurs as scattered boulders to five meters in maximum dimension. Although there are bedrock occurrences of granite pegmatite in the area, the tourmaline and cleavelandite boulders can not be traced to a particular dike. Elijah Weeks [b. August 23, 1764] owned the farm 1784-1789. Elijah sold the farm to his brother-in-law, Cyrus Stearns, in 1789. The tourmaline and other interesting minerals including tourmaline were discovered by or before 1811, when mining of the pegmatite boulders began by Dr. David Hunt of Northampton and Colonel George Gibbs of Newport, RI. After Elijah Weeks' father died in 1817, Elijah Weeks moved to Scipio, New York. In 1819, Gibbs' wrote about the locality and gave credit to "Mr. Weeks of New York" for being the discoverer of the locality. In 1823, Cyrus Stearns sold the farm to Levi Barrus. The farm sold back and forth to various people and Levi Barrus until 1845 and then Levi lived on the farm continuously until his death in 1877. Alvan Barrus, his son, inherited the farm. Although the locality was originally called the Weeks Farm, the subsequent owners, the Barrus family owned the land for such an extended period of time that the Weeks connection was all but forgotten.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661).
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Colour: orange, pink, red
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2013
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661).
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Peter Cristofono collection, 2017
Cookeite ?
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Cymatolite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661).
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Lepidolite'
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Pegmatite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Description: Erroneously reported = beryl variety goshenite.
Reference: - Shepard, Charles U. (1842). On Washingtonite (a New Mineral), the Discovery of Euclase in Connecticut, and Additional Notices of the Supposed Phenakite of Goshen [MA], and Calstron-baryte of Schoharie, N. Y. (Am Journ. of Sci. 43:364).
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Habit: massive; grains to several inches across (Shaub & Schenck, 1954)
Colour: colorless
Description: Benjamin discovered pollucite here in the spring of 1940; more was found in 1946 (Shaub & Schenck, 1954).
Reference: Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Psilomelane'
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Van King
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Colour: brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Mildly radioactive.
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2013
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Colour: brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Mildly radioactive.
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2013

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite ?9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phenakite ?9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Cymatolite-
Indicolite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Lepidolite-
Pegmatite-
Psilomelane-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Verdelite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite ?51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite ?71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Beryl
var: Goshenite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Cymatolite'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Pegmatite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bruce, Archibald (1811). Indicolite. American Mineralogical Journal [Bruce's Journal] v. 1, p. 122-123.
Gibbs, George (1819). On the Tourmalines and Other Minerals Found at Chesterfield and Goshen, Massachusetts, American Journal of Science & Arts: 1: 346-351.
Hitchcock, Edward (1825). Notice of Several Localities of Minerals in Massachusetts, American Journal of Science & Arts: 9: 20-23.
Hitchcock, Edward (1829) Tin in Massachusetts. American Journal of Science, 1st series, vol. 16, p. 188.
Shepard, Charles U. (1829) Discovery of columbite in Chesterfield, Mass. American Journal of Science, 1st series, vol. 16, p. 220.
Shepard, Charles U. (1838). Notice of a Second Locality of Topaz in Connecticut, and of the Phenakite in Massachusetts, American Journal of Science: 34: 329-331.
Shepard, Charles U. (1842). On Washingtonite (a New Mineral), the Discovery of Euclase in Connecticut, and Additional Notices of the Supposed Phenakite of Goshen [MA], and Calstron-baryte of Schoharie, New York, American Journal of Science: 43: 364.
Mallet, J. W. (1856), On the Rose-colored Mica of Goshen, Massachusetts, American Journal of Science: 23: 180.
Dana, J. and Brush, G. (1868), A System of Mineralogy.
Julien, Alexis A. (1879). Spodumene and its alterations, from the granite veins of Hampshire County, Mass. in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, v.1, no. 10, p. 318-354.
Hess, F. L., Whitney, R. J., Trefethen, J., and Slavin, M. (1943). The rare alkalis in New England: U.S. Bureau of Mines, Information Circular No. 7232, p. 40-42.
Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts, American Mineralogist: 39: 661.
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976), Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State.
Plante, Alan R. (1992). Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities, Greenfield Massachusetts, Valley Geology Press.
Clark (1993), Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition.


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