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Detroit Salt Company Mine (International Salt Company Mine), Detroit, Wayne Co., Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Detroit Salt Company Mine (International Salt Company Mine)Mine
Detroit- not defined -
Wayne Co.County
MichiganState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 19' 53'' North , 83° 2' 45'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Detroit677,116 (2017)0.0km
Windsor278,013 (2012)4.2km
Hamtramck22,002 (2017)6.8km
Highland Park10,949 (2017)9.3km
River Rouge7,546 (2017)9.7km


The Detroit Salt mine is located under the city of Detroit, a major city in the state of Michigan. It is currently owned by the Kissner Group and has two shafts, one that is 1160 feet and another that is 1400 feet.

The Detroit Salt and Manufacturing Company was founded in 1906, although halite was discovered on the site in 1895. Unfortunately, the company went bankrupt before it even had the chance of extracting the salt, due to the high cost of sinking the shaft.

After a reorganization in 1910 (Detroit Salt Company), the shaft was extended to 1060 feet under the city of Detroit and in 1912 the Watkins Salt Company purchased the mine and now the organization was called the Detroit Rock Salt Company. With the second reorganization the shaft was extended another 100 feet down to a second salt bed.

The Watkins Salt Company did not hold the mine for long, as its competitor, the International Salt Company, purchased the mine in 1914. The salt that was extracted was used primarily for the food processing and leather industries.

In 1922, a second shaft was drilled to meet the demand of more salt. This second shaft became the shaft that hauled the equipment down to the mine. Equipment was disassembled at the top and then reassembled at the bottom. This shaft is used today, while the first one is used to haul materials and labor.

International Salt closed the Detroit mine in 1983 and was purchased by Crystal Mines Inc. two years later in 1985. Another turnover to the Detroit Salt Company, LLC in 1997 saw the mine being reopened. In 2010, the Kissner Group purchased the Detroit Salt Company, LLC, and the two companies continue to operate the Detroit Mine.

Today the mine is currently active. The salt is used for deicing roads.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 1011.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs in a bedded halite deposit
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
KPotassium
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 1011.
Heinrich & Robinson (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan.

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