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Central Mine, Central, Keweenaw Co., Michigan, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 24' 30'' North , 88° 11' 55'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.40833,-88.19861
Other regions containing this locality:Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate

The Central Mine is located on a fissure deposit and consists of 4 shafts and 2 adits. The Central Mining Company was organized in 1854 and has the distinction of being the first mine to turn a profit in its first year of operation. Work continued until 1898 when all operations ceased. It was sold to the Frontenac Copper Company in 1905 and later absorbed by Calumet & Hecla. In its 44 years of operation, the Central produced 51 million lbs. of refined copper and a large amount of silver. This mine is a favorite of collectors for its wide variety of minerals that can be found.

Mineral List

18 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

1000 - 1200 Ma

ID: 3184728
Mesoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Comments: Mid-Continent Rift

Lithology: Bimodal volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

1000 - 1200 Ma

ID: 2928161
Portage Lake Volcanics

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Portage Lake Volcanics

Description: Lava flows, mostly basalt, andesite and felsite flows and subordinate interflow sedimentary rocks.

Comments: This unit is the same as unit Yp on paper map of Sims (1992). Description is taken from that unit description.

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{basaltic andesite}, Incidental:{rhyolite, sandstone mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Henwood, W.J. (1871): Observations on Metalliferous Deposits: On the Native Copper of Lake Superior. Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 385-489.
Butler, B.S., and Burbank, W.S. (1929): The Copper Deposits of Michigan. USGS Prof. Paper 144, 238 pp.
The Copper Country Rock & Mineral Club (2001): Red Gold and Tarnished Silver, 2nd Ed., 44 pp.

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