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Champion Mine, Painesdale, Houghton Co., Michigan, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 2' 7'' North , 88° 40' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.03528,-88.67056
GeoHash:G#: f02gw6806
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


An underground copper mine consisting of four shafts in the town of Painesdale, south of Houghton. The Champion Mining Co. was organized in 1899 and came under control of the Copper Range Consolidated Co. in 1901. By the 1930's the mine was working the 48th level in #4 shaft, 4,800 ft. from the surface on the incline. This shaft was later extended to the 56th level, approx. 5,500 ft. from the surface on the incline. In 1945, the mine closed to remove equipment from below the 48th level to abandon that section of the mine. In 1948, the mine reopened with work on the 18th level of shaft #4. In 1954, #3 was reopened on the 18th and 12th levels. The mine closed in 1967. Minerals to be found here include copper crystals and wires, prehnite, and chalcocite.

Regions containing this locality

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA

Peninsula - 232 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record:23(2); Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min: 91:269
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Min.Rec.:23:43; Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS PP144
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS PP144
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS PP144
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Algodonite'2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
'Anilite'2.BA.10Cu7S4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Domeykite'2.AA.10bCu3As
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Callaghanite'5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Posnjakite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Olivenite'8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Datolite'9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AniliteCu7S4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
AsArsenic
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As DomeykiteCu3As
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 2928167
Portage Lake Volcanics

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Portage Lake Volcanics

Description: Lava flows, mostly basalt, andesite and felsite flows and subordinate interflow sedimentary rocks.

Comments: This unit is the same as unit Yp on paper map of Sims (1992). Description is taken from that unit description.

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{basaltic andesite}, Incidental:{rhyolite, sandstone mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3190266
Mesoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Comments: Mid-Continent Rift

Lithology: Bimodal volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Butler, B.S., and Burbank, W.S. (1929), The Copper Deposits of Michigan. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 144. 238 pp.
Rocks & Minerals (1983): 58: 109.
The Mineralogical Record (1992): 23: 29-41.
Kilpela, T. (1995), The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country. 89 pp.
Heinrich & Robinson (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan.

Localities in this Region
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USA

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