SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Champion Mine, Painesdale, Houghton Co., Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Champion MineMine
Painesdale- not defined -
Houghton Co.County
MichiganState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 2' 7'' North , 88° 40' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
South Range746 (2017)4.4km
Hancock4,555 (2017)12.2km
Houghton7,970 (2017)12.3km
Dollar Bay1,082 (2017)15.3km
Hubbell946 (2017)23.8km


An underground copper mine consisting of four shafts in the town of Painesdale, south of Houghton. The Champion Mining Co. was organized in 1899 and came under control of the Copper Range Consolidated Co. in 1901. By the 1930's the mine was working the 48th level in #4 shaft, 4,800 ft. from the surface on the incline. This shaft was later extended to the 56th level, approx. 5,500 ft. from the surface on the incline. In 1945, the mine closed to remove equipment from below the 48th level to abandon that section of the mine. In 1948, the mine reopened with work on the 18th level of shaft #4. In 1954, #3 was reopened on the 18th and 12th levels. The mine closed in 1967. Minerals to be found here include copper crystals and wires, prehnite, and chalcocite.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USAPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record:23(2); Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Description: regarding material from the Champion Mine, Michigan: This anilite exhibits a good cleavage which is contrary to the species description. However, it has been XRD'd twice by George Robinson of the Seaman Museum and the ID has been confirmed as anilite
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Found as dark blue crusts and coatings on refractory fire brick used during the smelting process.
Reference: Rocks & Min: 91:269
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Min.Rec.:23:43; Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:3 pp154-177
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS PP144
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS PP144
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS PP144
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AniliteCu7S4
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu CopperCu
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As DomeykiteCu3As
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Butler, B.S., and Burbank, W.S. (1929), The Copper Deposits of Michigan. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 144. 238 pp.
Rocks & Minerals (1983): 58: 109.
The Mineralogical Record (1992): 23: 29-41.
Kilpela, T. (1995), The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country. 89 pp.
Heinrich & Robinson (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 14, 2019 14:42:24 Page generated: August 20, 2019 20:11:18
Go to top of page