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Champion Mine, Painesdale, Houghton Co., Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Champion MineMine
Painesdale- not defined -
Houghton Co.County
MichiganState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 2' 7'' North , 88° 40' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.03528,-88.67056
GeoHash:G#: f02gw6806
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
South Range746 (2017)4.4km
Hancock4,555 (2017)12.2km
Houghton7,970 (2017)12.3km
Dollar Bay1,082 (2017)15.3km
Hubbell946 (2017)23.8km


An underground copper mine consisting of four shafts in the town of Painesdale, south of Houghton. The Champion Mining Co. was organized in 1899 and came under control of the Copper Range Consolidated Co. in 1901. By the 1930's the mine was working the 48th level in #4 shaft, 4,800 ft. from the surface on the incline. This shaft was later extended to the 56th level, approx. 5,500 ft. from the surface on the incline. In 1945, the mine closed to remove equipment from below the 48th level to abandon that section of the mine. In 1948, the mine reopened with work on the 18th level of shaft #4. In 1954, #3 was reopened on the 18th and 12th levels. The mine closed in 1967. Minerals to be found here include copper crystals and wires, prehnite, and chalcocite.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlatePlate
Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USAPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
'Chlorite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Silver
Formula: Ag

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AniliteCu7S4
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu CopperCu
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As DomeykiteCu3As
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 2928167
Portage Lake Volcanics

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Portage Lake Volcanics

Description: Lava flows, mostly basalt, andesite and felsite flows and subordinate interflow sedimentary rocks.

Comments: This unit is the same as unit Yp on paper map of Sims (1992). Description is taken from that unit description. Original map source: Cannon, W.F., Kress, T.H., Sutphin, D.M., Morey, G.B., Meints, Joyce, and Barber-Delach, Robert, 1997, Digital Geologic Map and mineral deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan: USGS Open-File Report 97-455 (version 3, Nov. 19

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{basaltic andesite}, Incidental:{rhyolite, sandstone mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3190266
Mesoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Comments: Mid-Continent Rift

Lithology: Bimodal volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Butler, B.S., and Burbank, W.S. (1929), The Copper Deposits of Michigan. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 144. 238 pp.
Rocks & Minerals (1983): 58: 109.
The Mineralogical Record (1992): 23: 29-41.
Kilpela, T. (1995), The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country. 89 pp.
Heinrich & Robinson (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan.

Localities in this Region
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