Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Keweenaw Co., Michigan, USA
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|Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.|
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||47° North , 87° West (est.)|
|Margin of Error:||~4km|
|Other regions containing this locality:||Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA|
|Köppen climate type:||Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate|
The Manganese Mine is one of the more interesting mines of the Keweenaw. Manganese minerals were discovered south of Copper Harbor by geologist Douglass Houghton in the 1830s. In 1881, an open cut to a depth of 75 ft. was mined by the Cambria Iron Co. and approx. 800 tons of material was removed. In 1883, a shaft was sunk and another 400 tons of manganese ore was removed for assay. It was determined that the ore was unsuitable for steel production, and the mine was abandoned.
The piles, if found through 120 years of overgrowth, can produce some excellent micro-minerals. It is the only site on the Keweenaw where specimens such as orientite, braunite, and macfallite are found.
24 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.
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Mineralogical Magazine (1979): 43: 325-331.
Rocks & Minerals (1983): 58: 111.
Blaske, Allan R., Theodore J. Bornhorst. Allan M.Johnson, Gordon E. Rantti and Robert C. Reed (1988), Manganese Investigation in Keweenaw County, Michigan, Michigan Geological Survey Division, Open File Report OFR 88-2, 36 pages, 0 plates.
Nickel & Nichols (1991), Mineral Reference Manual: 124.
Heinrich & Robinson (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan.
Clarke, Copper Mines of Keweenaw, USGS Professional Paper 144.
Rosemeyer, T. (2014): History and Mineralogy of the Manganese Mine, Keweenaw County, Michigan Rocks & Minerals 89, 498-515.
Carlson, S.M., Olds, T.A., Rascona, J., Smith, A.E. (2014) A new locality for volborthite from the Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Michigan. Mineral News, 30(2): 1 ff.