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Carlin Gold mine, Elko, Lynn District, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 54' 42'' North , 116° 19' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.91167,-116.32389
Owned/operated by:Newmont Mining Corporation
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate

A gold property located about 35 km N of Carlin. Mine is a large open pit, overall 2,000 m long, 500 m wide and up to 200 m deep, comprised of four connected pits (West, Main, South & East). Estimated total production is just under 4,000,000 Troy Oz. of gold. Owned by Newmont Gold Co.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

93 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Devonian - Ordovician
358.9 - 485.4 Ma

ID: 2726317
Slope Assemblage - Calcareous shale, siltstone, chert, quartzite, and greenstone

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 485.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Vinini Formation; Clipper Canyon Group

Description: Calcareous shale, siltstone, sandstone, chert, quartzite, and greenstone in the Vinini Formation in Lander, Eureka, Elko, and northern Nye Counties, and the Clipper Canyon Group in the northern Toquima Range are the core rocks of unit DOts. Difficulties in identifying distinct paleogeographic settings within Ordovician slope facies rocks are discussed in Finney and Perry (1991) and Finney and others (1993). On a regional scale, the distinction between this unit and rocks traditionally mapped as the Valmy Formation (DCs) is the preponderance of shale and siltstone of cratonal derivation that is present in the Vinini rocks but less common in the Valmy rocks. Both rock units contain bedded chert, massive quartzite, and greenstone (Finney and Perry, 1991) in many places. Many lower Paleozoic rocks grouped here likely formed in a basinal rather than slope setting, but the presence of more common siliciclastic horizons of shale, siltstone, and sandstone distinguish them as a regional grouping from the lower Paleozoic Basin assemblage rocks. Whether this is a function of distinct paleogeographic settings of coeval units as interpreted by early workers, or is actually an age distinction of older (Valmy) versus younger (Vinini) Ordovician rocks, as suggested more recently for at least the Roberts Mountains (Finney, Perry, and others, 1993), remains to be determined on a regional scale. Originally thought to be primarily Ordovician, studies and biostratigraphic data have demonstrated that this unit consists of tightly imbricated Devonian, Silurian, and Ordovician rocks (Coles and Snyder, 1985; Noble and Finney, 1999). The distinction between units DOts and DCs as currently mapped on a regional scale is ambiguous in many places. Identifying the numerous occurrences of Devonian and Silurian rocks that are embedded within this unit on a regional scale would significantly enhance our understanding of the complex structural history of these rocks. These rocks are everywhere in structural contact with other Paleozoic rocks including units IPMcl, Pacl, Dc, MDst, DSt, DSc, and Dcd. Stratigraphic correlation has been made between rocks of the Vinini Formation and the Carbonate shelf sequence in Nevada (Finney and Perry, 1991) on the basis of occurrence of quartzite that is coeval with the shelf unit Ocq. While this does suggest a connection between the Ordovician rocks of this composite unit and North America, the quartzite was deposited along a 1,000-mile length of the margin (Ketner, 1986) and thus does not constrain the rocks of unit DOts to deposition along a specific section of the margin. These rocks are unconformably overlain sporadically by units Pacl and PIPacl, and post-Paleozoic cover rocks.

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Dickson, F.W., Radtke, A.S., and Peterson, J.A. (1979) Ellisite, Tl3AsS3, a new mineral from the Carlin gold deposit, Nevada, and associated sulfide and sulfosalt minerals. American Mineralogist: 64: 701-707.
Economic Geology (1980) 75: 641-672.
Radtke, A.S. (1985) Geology of the Carlin Ore Deposit, Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 1267.
Kuehn, C.A. (1989) Studies of Disseminated Gold Deposits near Carlin, Nevada: Evidence for Deep Geologic Settings of Ore Formation, Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 350 p.
Bakken, B. (1990) Gold Mineralization, Wall-rock Alteration, and the Geochemical Evolution of the Hydrothermal System in the Main Orebody, Carlin Mine, Nevada, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.
Econ Geol (1992) 87: 1697-1721.
Mineralogical Record: 22: 383. [Issue announced exceptional vesigniéite crystals from a new find which eventually proved false and the specimens were subsequently verified as volborthite. Later work confirmed that vesigniéite was present at this locality, but not in the high quality the misidentified specimens exhibited.]
Mineralogical Record: 20: 469.
Mineralogical Record: 26: 467.

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