|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||43° 21' 28'' North , 72° 15' 8'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||43.35778,-72.25222|
|Köppen climate type:||Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate|
A mica quarry in granite pegmatite. The George Smith Quarry and Chandlers Mill Quarry were nearly adjacent operations across a small country road from each other. Species list also contains minerals from the host rocks.
Locality is now in the middle of a number of closely spaced residential houses.
There are at least five variations of the name of this location in the mineralogical literature: Chandler Mill, Chandlers Mill, Chandler's Mill, Chandler Mills, and Chandler's Mills. The use of an apostrophe is discouraged in geographic names by many organizations including those of cartographers, geologists, and geographers. Etymologically Chandler Mill is probably the most correct as Ira Chandler owned only one mill. Chandlers Mill is one of the more common variants and without an apostrophe parallels the road name the locality is adjacent to: Chandlers Mill Road. However, on that road, there is a settlement named "Chandlers Mills".
Note: Both the first (1956) and second (1960) editions of Philip Morrill's New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Locations incorrectly place both the George Frank Smith Quarry and the Chandlers Mill Quarry on the wrong sides of the road. Because of the widespread distribution of these field guides, mineral location labels can not be considered undeniably indicating one or the other of these locations. The George Frank Smith Quarry has produced some interesting mineral species, particularly phosphates, but the Chandlers Mill Quarry has by far produced the greater variety of species. (The same references incorrectly give the initials for the nearby George Frank Smith as "G. E. Smith Quarry.)
The following is a synopsis of locality history by Fred E. Davis.
Chandlers Mill history in a nutshell
Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire is like many towns – it is surrounded by small villages. To the west of Newport are Kelleyville and Chandlers Mill (L. Cote, Newport Historical Society, pers. comm., 2013). In the mid-1800s, Lewis W. Randall and Carroll W. Peabody built a sawmill called “Randall’s mill” along the banks of the Sugar River about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) west of Newport. Between 1867 and 1870, Ira F. Chandler (1842 - 1918) purchased the mill and operated it for many years; the mill was then called “Chandler’s Mill “ (Wheeler 1879).
I contacted several agencies in Newport concerning the proper spelling of the village since it appears on different maps with a variety of spellings. These include Chandlers Mill, Chandler Mills, Chandler’s Mill, and Chandlers Mills. Cameron et al. (1954) refer to a railroad stop in the mid-1940s called “Chandler Station.” Since the village is an unincorporated populated place, it doesn’t show up on lists of official town names. Consequently, the spelling of the village name is what you choose it to be. Since the name is based on Ira F. Chandler’s sawmill and he had only one, it seems reasonable to call it, as others have, “Chandlers Mill.” This form will be used here when not quoting from other documents.
Ira F. Chandler, a widower with three young children, is found on the June 1870 Federal census of Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire. Four months later, he married his second wife Nellie Wright. Two houses away from Ira Chandler on the 1870 census was the residence of Benjamin Marshall with his wife and children. His 18 year old son Allen P. was working as a laborer on their 80-acre farm. This farm is the location of an old, abandoned pegmatite mine that was worked prior to 1936 when it was studied by Carleton A. Chapman (1941, 1942, 1943). It is not known when the pegmatite mine was first worked or by whom, but it was described as “abandoned” by Chapman (1941).
In 1886, Frank P. Smith and his wife Vinnie acquired a small tract of land near the Sugar River from Jane B. Cram, whose husband had died the year before. Frank and Vinnie Smith’s son, George Frank Smith, was born there 24 April 1887; both he and his name are integral to the history of the mines.
Benjamin Marshall died in June 1893. Three years later in 1896, his son Allen sold the 80-acre farm to Frank P. Smith. On the 1900 Federal census, Frank Smith and his family were living on this farm. The 1920 census shows Frank Smith, wife Vinnie, son George F. (working on the family farm) and daughter Florence with her child Franklin C. Parmenter on what was then called Kelleyville Road (now Chandlers Mill Road). Frank P. Smith died the day after Christmas in 1921. In 1922, Frank’s widow Vinnie transferred all of the land to her children including George F. Smith.
In 1924, George F. Smith married Agnes E. Brown. On the 1930 census, George, wife Agnes, two children and George’s mother Vinnie were living on the farm. The 1934 Newport town directory lists George and Agnes living in “Chandler’s Mill.” The 1940 census shows George & family living on the “old back Claremont & Kelleyville Rd through Chandler Mills.”
In 1938, George F. Smith acquired his sister Florence’s share of the 80-acre farm. In 1943, George and Agnes took a lease on the adjacent property between the road and the Sugar River. This same tract of land was then leased to a business partnership consisting of George and Agnes Smith, John G. Sargeant and his son Lawrence E. Sargeant (Sargeant Mining Company operated a mica mine nearby in southeastern Claremont) and William A. Hoy (who worked in a Newport shoe shop with his wife Flora E.); the partnership was doing business as the “Smith Mica Company” of Newport, New Hampshire. As detailed below, the small quarry on this tract of land near the Sugar River was opened by G. F. Smith and worked by Smith Mica Company.
Mine names and mining histories
Mindat showed* only one mine for this Newport locality and previously referred* to it as “George Frank Smith mine (Chandler Mills quarry),” implying that Chandler Mills quarry is a synonym for George Frank Smith mine and is clearly in error. This may be an error carried over from the ambiguity in Morrill (1963), the triphylite description in Meyers and Stewart (1977), or the Newport mines entry in Smith (2005). In spite of the single* Mindat locality, there are in fact two mines about 125 m apart that are not “adjacent” or even "nearly adjacent" as stated on Mindat. The two distinct mines are clearly shown on Plate 2 of Olson (1950), Plate 41 of Cameron et al. (1954), annotated topo maps maintained by the Boston Mineral Club (K. Czaja, pers. comm., 2013), field trip maps for the Boston Mineral Club (BMC 1958, 1963), and a map in Meyers and Stewart (1977). There is also an obvious issue with the misspelled name “G. E. Smith” used on Mindat** and elsewhere.
*recently changed by separating the two mines
**corrected on Mindat
Chandlers Mill mine
The first and oldest mine is up the hill about 160 m south of the Sugar River and is identified as the “Chandler Mills mine” on maps in Olson (1950), Cameron et al. (1954), BMC (1958, 1963), and Meyers and Stewart (1977). The Boston Mineral Club’s annotated topo map also shows “Chandler Mills” and penciled in “up the hill” (K. Czaja, pers. comm., 2013). It is also mentioned in Table 1 (page 8) of Page and Larrabee (1962). The first published account of the locality, Chapman (1941:377), simply refers to it as a "small abandoned pegmatite" that he studied and mapped from 1937 to 1940 (several years prior to the opening of the G. F. Smith mine) (Chapman 1941, 1942; Cameron et al. 1954). Note that it was called Chandlers Mill mine [corrected by moving the “s”] at the time that it was actively being worked, and was visited by E. N. Cameron, J. J. Page et al. in the 1940s as described in Cameron et al. (1954).
Cameron et al. (1954) state that the Chandlers Mill mine was leased by New Hampshire Mica and Mining Co. (Keene, NH) in 1942; it was reopened and worked by them from May 1943 to December 1944.
Both the description of hurlbutite in Mrose (1952) and triphylite crystals in Chapman (1943) use the same latitude/longitude coordinates that correspond to the Chandlers Mill mine but instead use the name “Smith mine.” It is indeed unfortunate that some used the alternate “Smith mine” because of the terrible confusion that results due of the similarity to G. F. Smith mine. In the description for the type locality of hurlbutite, Mrose (1952) states that the name “Smith mine” refers to the land owners George and Agnes Smith. In a description of hurlbutite, Meyers and Stewart (1977) correctly state that the mineral was found at the “Chandler Mills mine” and add the terribly confusing alternate name“Smith” mine in parentheses. It’s certainly true that George and Agnes Smith owned the land, but there was already another nearby mine using the name Smith that had been opened 9 years prior to the publication of Mrose (1952).
G. F. Smith mine
The second and newer mine is about 35 m south of the Sugar River and just east of the Smith residence. It is identified as the “G. F. Smith mine” on maps in Olson (1950), Cameron et al. (1954) , Meyers and Stewart (1977), and in other references like Page and Larrabee (1962). BMC (1958), the first map in BMC (1963) and the Boston Mineral Club’s annotated topo map simply call it the “Smith mine” (an obvious source of confusion since previously mentioned references also use “Smith mine” when referring to Chandlers Mill mine). In fact, the BMC topo map indicates “Smith mine” and penciled in “at the river” (K. Czaja, pers. comm., 2013). Note that it was called G. F. Smith mine at the time that it was actively being worked, and was visited by E. N. Cameron, J. J. Page et al. in the 1940s as described in Cameron et al. (1954).
Cameron et al. (1954) state that George F. Smith personally opened this mine in 1943. Then Smith and his associates (aka Smith Mica Company) worked the mine up to November 1944. After that, it was leased by Newport Mica Co. from December 1944 through February 1945.
BMC (1963) reports the G. F. Smith mine as “barren,” obviously from a mineral collector’s perspective. When Mindat provides separate locality entries for both Chandlers Mill and G. F. Smith mines, I will be posting some interesting minerals (some the first reported occurrences) collected on my recent visit to the G. F. Smith mine dumps.
The name of the G. F. Smith mine has been misspelled many times. As documented above, the owner’s full name is George Frank Smith. The incorrect term “G. E. Smith” is found in the text of Olson (1950), Morrill (1960), the second map in BMC (1963), the text of Smith (2005), and still at some locations on Mindat (not all "G. E." occurrences were fixed). “G. E. Smith mine” is also found on labels for some Harvard specimens with the added complication that they were not from the G. F. Smith mine at all, but rather the Chandlers Mill mine. Cameron et al. (1954:289) use “G. G. Smith” once, clearly a typo since “G. F. Smith” is used correctly in the remainder of instances in their text.
Morrill (1960) deserves a special note. Based on reported minerals and directions to the mines, it appears that Morrill (1960) has completely reversed the mine names. He attributes the long list of reported minerals associated with Chandlers Mill mine to G. F. Smith mine, and locates Chandlers Mill mine east of the Smith residence (where G. F. Smith mine is located). The coordinates Morrill uses are also wrong as detailed in Morong (2011).
1) The village name should be called “Chandlers Mill, Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.” Since it is unincorporated and may change without notice, Chandlers Mill should not be used in locality references without also specifying the nearest incorporated town, Newport.
2) The mine nearest to the Sugar River worked by George F. Smith should be called the “G. F. Smith mine” as it was called in the 1940s when it was actively being mined, and as shown on maps by Olson (1950), Cameron et al. (1954), and Meyers and Stewart (1977). The full reference should be: G. F. Smith mine, Chandlers Mill, Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire. The use of only “Smith mine” should be avoided due to confusion with Chapman (1943), Mrose (1952) and other early references.
3) The mine further south up the hill should be called “Chandlers Mill mine” as it was called in the 1940s when it was actively being mined, and as shown [corrected from “Chandler Mills”] on maps by Olson (1950), Cameron et al. (1954), BMC (1958, 1963), the BMC topo map and Meyers and Stewart (1977). The full reference should be: Chandlers Mill mine, Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire. An explanatory note should point out the outdated and confusing “Smith mine” used in Chapman (1943) and Mrose (1952) when referring to Chandlers Mill mine.
4) Based on this research and recent field trip surveys, it is recommended that Newport, New Hampshire specimens of crystallized triphylite, hurlbutite, brazilianite, and secondary phosphate species (e.g., augelite, beryllonite, goyazite, wardite) have their locality labeled as: Chandlers Mill mine, Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
I am extremely grateful for the extraordinary assistance and extensive research by Tom Mortimer. I would also like to thank Kevin Czaja for his help in Boston.
[BMC] Boston Mineral Club, pub. 1958. New England Locations Bulletin 1. Boston.
———, pub. 1963. Boston Mineral Club Field Trip Guide for 1963. Boston.
Cameron, E. N., D. M. Larrabee, A. H. McNair, J. J. Page, G. W. Stewart, and V. E. Shainin. 1954. Pegmatite investigations 1942-45 New England. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 255. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office.
Chapman, C. A. 1941. The tectonic significance of some pegmatites in New Hampshire. Journal of Geology 49(4):370-381.
———. 1942. Intrusive domes of the Claremont-Newport area, New Hampshire. GSA Bulletin 53(6):889-915.
———. 1943. Large magnesia-rich triphylite crystals in pegmatite. American Mineralogist 28(2):90-58.
Meyers, T. R. and G. W. Stewart. 1977. The Geology of New Hampshire: Part 3, Minerals and Mines. State of New Hampshire Department of Resources and Economic Development.
Morong, D. 2011. Morrill Coordinates and Errors. Available from: [www.mindatnh.org]. [cited 10 August 2013]
Morrill, P. 1960. New Hampshire mines and mineral localities, 2nd edition. Hanover: Montshire Museum.
———. 1963. Mineral Guide to New England. Winthrop: Winthrop Mineral Shop.
Mrose, M. E. 1952. Hurlbutite, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 37(11):931-940.
New Hampshire Birth Records, Early to 1900 [internet database and images]. Available from [www.familysearch.org]. [cited 27July 2013].
1887 April 24. George Frank Smith. Newport.
New Hampshire Death Records, 1654-1947 [internet database and images]. Available from [www.familysearch.org]. [cited 27July 2013].
1885 March 23. George F. Cram. Newport.
1893 June 18. Benjamin Marshall. Newport.
1903 October 9. Jane B. Cram. Newport.
1912 January 28. Allen P. Marshall. Newport.
1921 December 26. Franklin P. Smith. Newport.
New Hampshire Marriage Records, 1637-1947 [internet database and images]. Available from [www.familysearch.org]. [cited 10 August 2013]
1865 September 20. Ira F. Chandler, Ester M. Chase. Goshen.
1924 October 7. George F. Smith, Agnes E. Brown. Newport.
1941 February 22. Lawrence E. Sargeant, Cecilia I. Berube. Newport.
Olson, J. C. 1950. Feldspar and associated pegmatite minerals in New Hampshire. In: Part 14: Mineral Resource Survey. Concord: New Hampshire State Planning and Development Commission and U. S. Geological Survey. (Reprinted 1961)
Page, J. J. and D. M. Larrabee. 1962. Beryl resources of New Hampshire. US Geological Survey Professional Paper 353. Washington DC: United States Government Printing Office.
Smith, A. 2005. New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index. In: Rocks and Minerals Magazine 80(4):242-261.
Sullivan County Registry of Deeds. 14 Main Street, Newport, New Hampshire.
1886. Book 125, page 470.
1896. Book 141, page 29.
1922. Book 211, page 164.
1938. Book 257, page 506.
1941. Book 275, page 182.
1943. Book 289, page 180.
US City Directories 1821-1989 [database and images on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2004. Available at [www.ancestry.com]. [cited 27July 2013]
1927. Lothrop’s Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1931. Lothrop’s Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1934. Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1936. Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1938. Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1949. Newport Directory. George (Agnes) Smith.
1956. Manning’s Newport Directory. George F. (Agnes) Smith.
US Federal Bureau of the Census [database and images on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2004. Available at [www.ancestry.com]. [cited 20 August 2013]
1870. Ira F. Chandler: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1870. Jane B. Cram: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1870. Allen P. Marshall: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1880. Ira F. Chandler: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1880. Allen P. Marshall: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1900. Ira F. Chandler: Claremont, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1900. Allen P. Marshall: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1900. Frank P. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1900. George F. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1920. Frank P. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1920. George F. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1930. John G. Sargeant: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1930. George F. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1940. William A. Hoy: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
1940. George F. Smith: Newport, Sullivan County, New Hampshire.
Wheeler, E. 1879. The history of Newport, New Hampshire, from 1766 to 1878. Concord: Republican Press Association.
43 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Devonian - Silurian|
358.9 - 443.8 Ma
|Paleozoic intrusive rocks|
Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)
Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. 
407.6 - 410.8 Ma
|Littleton Formation, undivided|
Age: Early Devonian (407.6 - 410.8 Ma)
Stratigraphic Name: Littleton Formation
Description: Gray metapelite and metawacke and subordinate metavolcanic rocks; generally, but not everywhere, conformable with underlying Fitch or Madrid Formations. Fossiliferous in western New Hampshire.
Comments: Part of the Central Maine Composite Terrane (Central Maine Trough) - Variably metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic rocks of greenschist to granulite facies, locally migmatized. Area includes structural belts between the Monroe fault on the west and the Campbell Hill fault on the east; that is, the Bronson Hill anticlinorium, Piedmont allochthon, Kearsarge-central Maine synclinorium, central New Hampshire anticlinorium, and Rochester-Lebanon (Maine) antiformal synclinorium.
Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052.