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Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA

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NY, Susquehenna & Western Tracks, Franklin Palmer Mill: Vignette

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
The Remains of the Palmer Mill, Franklin, New Jersey

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
NY, Susquehenna & Western Tracks, Franklin Palmer Mill

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
NY, Susquehenna & Western Tracks, Franklin Palmer Mill: Vignette

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
The Remains of the Palmer Mill, Franklin, New Jersey

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
NY, Susquehenna & Western Tracks, Franklin Palmer Mill

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
NY, Susquehenna & Western Tracks, Franklin Palmer Mill: Vignette

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
The Remains of the Palmer Mill, Franklin, New Jersey

Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 6' 0'' North , 74° 34' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.10000,-74.58333
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


The Franklin Mining District is located in rural Sussex County, New Jersey, some 45 miles NW of New York City. This page contains the complete official list of species which occur within the District's boundaries. The proponent for the official list is the Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum, Franklin, NJ 07416.

The boundaries of the Franklin District are strictly defined (Eastern boundary: bases of Sparta Mt & Hamburg Mt; Western boundary: eastern edge of the Wildcat Band of marble northward until it plunges beneath the unconformity, then, northerly along the Wallkill River; the southern boundary: Brooks Flat Road, an East-West road at the southern margin of Ogdensburg borough; and, the northern boundary: an East-West line from the intersection of state route 23 and county route 517 (Quarry Road) in Hamburg Borough at the Franklin borough-Hamburg borough line (an area formerly called Hardistonville) westward to the Wallkill River) (Dunn, P.J. [1995], Pt 1:71).

The mineral list on this page is maintained under a strict protocol to ensure its integrity and credibility. At present, there are over 350 CONFIRMED species on this list. These species occur in the two zinc orebodies (Franklin orebody and Sterling Hill orebody), in the several iron orebodies in Franklin (Furnace Magnetite Bed, the magnetite ore bodies on Ball's Hill and the other magnetite beds in Franklin), and in the various quarries in the Precambrian Franklin marble (quarries which "fed" the old iron furnace [Franklin was known as Franklin Furnace until incorporation in 1913]), and the quarries worked for agricultural lime, marble chips and aggregate used in landscaping, and the quarries excavated by the New Jersey Zinc Co., contiguous with the ore bodies, used for backfill in the mined out areas.

Certain mine workings had unique occurrences of mineral species, hence, they are listed separately on their own, unique pages, but all species from the district are listed on this page. The list of specific localities with their separate lists of mineral occurrences within the district are listed beneath the master species list.

Those who share an interest in the unique mineralogy of the Franklin, NJ, area owe a special debt of thanks to Samuel L. Penfield of Yale University, Charles Palache of Harvard University, Paul Brian Moore of University of Chicago, Pete J. Dunn of National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., Richard A. Volkert, New Jersey Geological Survey, John L. Baum, Curator Emeritus, Franklin Mineral Museum, and former Head Geologist, New Jersey, Zinc Co., Franklin, NJ, for their significant contributions to the body of knowledge of the history, geology and mineralogy of this district.

Mindat Articles

Franklin, New Jersey Essentials, Part 2: Localities by Stephen Fritz




Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Adelite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Akrochordite

Albite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allactite

Allanite-(Ce)

Alleghanyite

Almandine

Amphibole Supergroup

var: Byssolite

var: Uralite

Analcime

Anandite

Anatase

Andradite

var: Melanite

var: Polyadelphite (FRL)

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Annabergite

Annite

'Anomalite' (FRL)

Anorthite

'Anorthoclase'

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

var: Vorhauserite

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Aragonite

Arakiite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Atacamite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurorite

Austinite

Axinite-(Fe)

Axinite-(Mn) (TL)

Azurite

'Bakerite'

Bannisterite (TL)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barylite

Barysilite

Baryte

Bassanite

Baumhauerite

Bementite (TL)

Berthierite

Bianchite

'Biotite'

Birnessite

Bornite

Bostwickite (TL)

Brandtite

Breithauptite

Brianyoungite

Brochantite

Brookite

Brucite

Bultfonteinite

Bustamite (TL)

Cahnite (TL)

Calcite

'Calcozincite'

Canavesite

Caryopilite

Celestine

Celsian

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcocite

'Chalcodite'

Chalcophanite (TL)

Chalcopyrite

Chamosite

Charlesite (TL)

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chlorophoenicite (TL)

Chondrodite

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Cianciulliite (TL)

Clinochlore

'Clinochrysotile'

Clinoclase

Clinohedrite (TL)

Clinohumite

Clinozoisite

Clintonite

Connellite

Copper

Corundum

Covellite

Cryptomelane

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Cuprostibite

Cuspidine

Cyanotrichite

Cyprine

Datolite

var: Botryolite

Descloizite

Devilline

Digenite

Diopside

var: Schefferite

Djurleite

Dolomite

Domeykite

Dravite

Duftite

Dundasite

Dypingite

Edenite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Esperite (TL)

Euchroite

Eveite

Fayalite

var: Roepperite (of Brush)

Feitknechtite (TL)

Ferriakasakaite-(La)

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-actinolite

Ferro-hornblende

Ferro-pargasite

Flinkite

Fluckite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorapophyllite-(Na)

Fluorite

var: Chlorophane

Fluoro-edenite

Fluorophlogopite

Fluoro-tremolite

Fluor-uvite (TL)

Forsterite

Fraipontite (TL)

Franklinfurnaceite (TL)

Franklinite (TL)

Franklinphilite (TL)

Friedelite

Gageite (TL)

'Gageite-2M' (FRL)

Gahnite

Galena

Ganomalite

Ganophyllite

'Garnet'

Genthelvite

Gersdorffite

Gerstmannite (TL)

Glaucochroite (TL)

Glaucodot

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Gonyerite

Graeserite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

var: Caswellite

Groutite

Grunerite

Guérinite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Haidingerite

Halotrichite

Hancockite (TL)

Hardystonite (TL)

Hastingsite

Hauckite (TL)

Hausmannite

Hawleyite

Hedenbergite

Hedyphane

Hellandite-(Y)

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Hendricksite (TL)

Hercynite

Hetaerolite (TL)

'Heulandite'

Heulandite-Ca

Hexahydrite

Hodgkinsonite (TL)

Holdenite (TL)

'Hornblende'

Hübnerite

Humite

'Humite Group'

Hydrohetaerolite (TL)

Hydrotalcite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydrozincite

Ilmenite

Jacobsite

Jarosewichite (TL)

Jarosite

'Jeffersonite' (FRL)

Jerrygibbsite (TL)

Johannsenite (TL)

Johnbaumite (TL)

Junitoite

Kaolinite

Kentrolite

Kittatinnyite (TL)

Kolicite (TL)

Köttigite

'Köttigite-Parasymplesite Series'

Kraisslite (TL)

Kutnohorite

Larsenite (TL)

Laumontite

Lavendulan

Lawsonbauerite (TL)

Lead

Legrandite

Lennilenapeite (TL)

Leucophoenicite (TL)

'Limonite'

Linarite

Liroconite

Lizardite

var: Baumite

Löllingite

Loseyite (TL)

Macfallite

Magnesiochlorophoenicite (TL)

Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnetite

Magnussonite

Malachite

Manganberzeliite

Manganhumite

Manganite

Manganocummingtonite

Manganohörnesite

Manganosite

Manjiroite

Marcasite

Margarite

Margarosanite (TL)

Marialite

Marsturite (TL)

Mcallisterite

Mcgovernite (TL)

Meionite

var: Algerite (FRL)

Meta-ankoleite

Metalodèvite

Metazeunerite

'Mica Group'

Microcline

var: Amazonite

var: Hyalophane

Miguelromeroite (TL)

Mimetite

Minehillite (TL)

Molybdenite

Monazite-(Ce)

Monohydrocalcite

Mooreite (TL)

Muscovite

var: Barian Muscovite

var: Illite

Nasonite (TL)

Natrolite

Nelenite (TL)

Neotocite

Newberyite

Niahite

Nickeline

Nontronite

Norbergite

Ogdensburgite (TL)

Ojuelaite

Opal

'Orthochrysotile'

Orthoclase

Orthoserpierite

Otavite

Parabrandtite (TL)

Paragonite

Pararammelsbergite

Pararealgar

Parasymplesite

Pargasite

Pectolite

Pennantite

Petedunnite (TL)

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phlogopite

'Phlogopite-1M'

'Phlogopite-3T'

Picropharmacolite

Piemontite

'Pimelite'

Powellite

Prehnite

Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyroaurite-2H'

'Pyroaurite-3R'

Pyrobelonite

Pyrochroite

var: Hydrohausmannite (FRL)

Pyrophanite

Pyrosmalite-(Mn) (TL)

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxferroite

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

Rammelsbergite

Realgar

Reinerite

Retzian-(La) (TL)

Retzian-(Nd) (TL)

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

var: Fowlerite (FRL)

Ribbeite

Richterite

Roeblingite (TL)

'Roméite Group'

Rosasite

Rouaite (TL)

Roweite (TL)

Rutile

Safflorite

Samfowlerite (TL)

Sarkinite

Sauconite

'Scapolite'

'Schalenblende'

Schallerite (TL)

Scheelite

Schorl

Sclarite (TL)

Scorodite

Seligmannite

Sepiolite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Serpierite

Siderite

Sillimanite

Silver

Skutterudite

Smithsonite

Sonolite

Spangolite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Cleiophane

Spinel

Starkeyite

Sterlinghillite (TL)

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stilbite-Ca

Stilpnomelane

var: Ferristilpnomelane

Strontianite

Strontiopharmacosiderite

Sulphur

Sussexite (TL)

'Sussexite-Szaibelyite Series'

Svabite

Synadelphite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Szaibélyite

Talc

Tennantite

Tenorite

Tephroite (TL)

Tetrahedrite

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorite

Thortveitite

Thorutite

Tilasite

Titanite

Todorokite

Torreyite (TL)

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Turneaureite (TL)

'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn'

'UM1985-26-SiO:CaMgPbZn'

'UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)' (FRL)

'UM1986-11-CO:Zn'

'UM1986-23-O:BaMnU'

'UM1986-24-O:Cu'

Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranospinite

'Uvite Series'

'Vanuxemite'

Vesuvianite

'Vredenburgite'

'Wad' (FRL)

Wallkilldellite (TL)

Wawayandaite (TL)

Wendwilsonite (TL)

Willemite

var: Troostite

Wollastonite

Woodruffite (TL)

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

var: Voltzite

Xonotlite

Yeatmanite (TL)

Yukonite

Zincite (TL)

Zinkenite

Zircon

Znucalite

Zoisite


376 valid minerals. 73 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 9 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Ordovician - Furongian
470 - 497 Ma



ID: 2932824
Allentown Dolomite

Age: Paleozoic (470 - 497 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Allentown Dolomite

Description: (Wherry, 1909) - Very thin to very thick bedded dolomite containing minor orthoquartzite and shale. Upper part is medium-light- to medium-dark-gray, fine- to medium-grained, locally coarse-grained, medium- to very thick bedded dolomite. Floating quartz sand grains and two sequences of medium-light- to very light gray, thin-bedded quartzite and discontinuous, dark-gray chert lenses occur directly below upper contact. Rhythmically bedded lower dolomite beds alternate between light and dark gray weathering, medium and very light gray, fine and medium grained, and thin and medium bedded, which are interbedded with shaly dolomite. Ripple marks, crossbeds, edgewise conglomerate, mud cracks, oolites, and algal stromatolites occur throughout unit, but more typically in lower part. Shaly dolomite increases downward toward lower conformable contact with the Leithsville Formation. Oldest beds contain trilobite fauna of early Late Cambrian age; younger beds contain latest Cambrian fauna (Howell, 1945; Howell and others, 1950). Thickness about 580 m (1,900 ft).

Comments: Kittatinny Supergroup (Lower Ordovician and Cambrian) (Drake and Lyttle, 1980)

Lithology: Major:{dolostone}, Minor:{shale}, Incidental:{chert, quartzite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Key bibliographical publications for the Franklin District include, but are not limited to:
Bayley, W.S. (1910): Iron mines and mining in New Jersey, Geological Survey of New Jersey, Volume VII of the Final Report Series of the State Geologist, Trenton, NJ 512pp. and 2 maps (out of print) [cited as: Bayley, W.S.(1910): XX].
Dunn, P.J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, 5 parts + 2 supplements, 978 pp. (in print) [cited as: Dunn, P.J.:Pt X:XX].
Palache, C. (1935): The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 180, 135pp., with map (reprinted in 1937, 1961 and 1974) (out of print) [cited as: Palache, C. (1935): XX].
Proceedings Volume: Lehigh University Department of Geological Sciences and the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society Symposium on Character and Origin of the Franklin-Sterling Hill orebodies (1990), Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, 118pp. (out of print).
Kampf, A.R. (2009): Miguelromeroite, the Mn analogue of sainfeldite, and redefinition of villyaellenite as an ordered intermediate in the sainfeldite-miguelromeroite series. American Mineralogist, 94, 1535-1540.
The Picking Table, Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (F.O.M.S.), volumes 1 through 42 (in print).
NOTE: A comprehensive bibliography of the publications relevant to the Franklin District is found in Dunn, P.J. (1995): Part 1.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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