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Carlsbad Caverns (Carlsbad Cavern), Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Eddy Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Carlsbad Caverns (Carlsbad Cavern)- not defined -
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNational Park
Eddy Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 10' 37'' North , 104° 26' 27'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.17699,-104.44106
GeoHash:G#: 9ttxp3ske
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Livingston Wheeler609 (2017)32.6km
Carlsbad28,957 (2017)33.6km
Loving1,409 (2017)34.7km
Malaga147 (2011)35.1km
La Huerta1,246 (2011)36.1km


Located within the Carlsbad Caverns National Park in the Guadalupe Mountains.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: First reported occurrence of "rafts" of aragonite (up to one square foot).
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000; v. 48; no. 3; p. 317-321
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: A blue green layer associated with bat guano.
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000; v. 48; no. 3; p. 317-321
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Primary mineral constituent of "moon milk".
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Desborough, G. A., Smith, K. S., Lowers, H. A., Swayze, G. A., Hammarstrom, J. M., Diehl, S. F., Leinz, R. W. and Driscoll, R. L. (2010): Mineralogical and chemical characteristics of some natural jarosites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 1041-1056.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000; v. 48; no. 3; p. 317-321
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Reference: Donald G. Davis - Extraordinary features of Lechuguilla Cave, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 62(2): 147-157.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000; v. 48; no. 3; p. 317-321
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000; v. 48; no. 3; p. 317-321
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: Donald G. Davis - Extraordinary features of Lechuguilla Cave, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 62(2): 147-157.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S CelestineSrSO4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S SulphurS8
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
VVanadium
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
V MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
FeIron
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
UUranium
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3187209
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Carbonate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Guadalupian
259.1 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 2722930
Yates and Tansill Formations

Age: Permian (259.1 - 272.95 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Yates Formation; Tansill Formation

Description: Sandstone, siltstone, limestone, dolomite, and anhydrite.

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., Jones, G.E., and Anderson, O.J., 1997, The Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-0052, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,carbonate,siltstone}, Minor:{anhydrite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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